History Of Delhi


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History Of Delhi

  3. 3. Delhi is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata, founded around 5000 BC. Hindu texts state that the city Delhi used to be referred to in Sanskrit as Hastinapur,which means elephant-city The name Delhi may be derived from the word Dhillika Delhi has always been a convenient link between Central Asia, the northwest frontiers and the rest of the country. INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history. </li></ul><ul><li>Raja Dhilu (King Dihlu) founded ancient Delhi in 800 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya Period ( 300 BC ); since then, the site has seen continuous settlement </li></ul><ul><li>In 1966, an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka ( 273 - 236 BC ) was discovered near Srinivaspuri, which is near Noida . </li></ul><ul><li>Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were brought to the city by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I of the Gupta dynasty (320-540) and transplanted to Delhi during the 10th century. </li></ul>FOUNDER OF DELHI IRON PILLAR
  6. 6. The Tomar Rajput dynasty founded Lal Kot in 736 near the Qutub Minar. The Chauhan Rajput kings of Ajmer conquered Lal Kot in 1180 and renamed it Qila Rai Pithora. The Chauhan king Prithviraj III was defeated in 1192 by the Afghan Muhammad Ghori . Anangpal Tomar , a Chandravan -shi Rajput ruler of Delhi , often described as the founder of Delhi , built the citadel Suraj Kund around 731 . FOUNDER OF DELHI FOUNDER OF DELHI
  8. 8. City :- Indraprastha Date :-1450 BC (approx.) Site :- In Purana Qila City :- Tughlaqabad Date :- 1321-23 AD. Built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. Site :- 8km from the Qutub complex . City :-Jahanpanah Date :- Mid-14th century. Built by Mohammad- bin-Tughlaq, Site :- Between Siri and Qutub Minar City :- Siri Date :-1304 AD; built by Alauddin Khilji. Site :- Near Hauz Khas and Gulmohar Park City :- Lal Kot or Qila Rai Pithora Date :- 1060 AD; built by Rajput Tomaras. Site :- QutubMinar-Mehrauli complex .
  9. 9. City :- New Delhi Date :- 1920s. The formal announcement to move the seat of power from Calcutta to Delhi of India. Site :- Connaught Place and Rajpath. City :-Ferozabad Date :- 1354 AD; by Feroze Tughlaq. Site:- Kotla Feroze Shah. City :- Dilli Sher Shahi (Shergarh) Date :- 1534; This Delhi was actually started by Humayun, Site :- Opposite the zoo. Around Purana Qila . City :- Shajahanabad Date :- Mid-17th century. Shah Jahan, Site :- The existing Old Delhi, the Red Fort, Jama Masjid
  11. 11. EARLY HISTORY From 1206, Delhi became the capital of the Delhi Sultanate under the Slave Dynasty . After the end of the Slave dynasty, a succession of Turkic and Central Asian dynasties, the Khilji dynasty , the Tughluq dynasty , the Sayyid dynasty and the Lodhi dynasty held power in the late medieval period and built a sequence of forts and townships in Delhi. In 1398, Timur Lenk invaded India In 1526, Zahiruddin Babur , the former ruler of Fergana , defeated the last Lodhi sultan and founded the Mughal dynasty which ruled from Delhi, Agra and Lahore .
  12. 12. In the 16th century there was an interruption in the Mughal rule of India as Sher Shah Suri defeated Babur's son Humayun The third and greatest Mughal emperor, Akbar , moved the capital to Agra resulting in a decline in the fortunes of Delhi. In the mid-seventeenth century, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658) built the city that sometimes bears his name (Shahjahanabad). In 1659. Nader Shah defeated the Mughal army.After this victory, Nader captured and sacked Delhi. EARLY HISTORY
  13. 13. In 1761 , Delhi was raided by Ahmed Shah Abdali . At the Battle of Delhi on 11 September 1803, General Lake’s British forces defeated the Marathas . Delhi passed to British control in 1857 after the First War of Indian Independence ; the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II was was exiled to Rangoon . EARLY HISTORY
  14. 14. DYNASTIES
  15. 15. DYNASTIES Tomaras - Chauhans (736-1192) Mamluks (1206-90) Khilji (1290-1320) Tughlaqs (1320-1413) Sayyids (1414-51) Lodhis (1451-1526) Mughals (1526–1857) British (1857-1947) Independence (1947-) Dynasties Khariboli , Haryanvi Language 736 AD State established:                                     
  17. 17. MONUMENTS In 1538, the Mughal emperor Humayun laid the foundations of his city named Dinpanah, or the Refuge of the Faithful. The inner citadel of this city is today called Purana Qila or the Old Fort PURANA QILA
  18. 18. QUTAB MINAR The highest stone tower in India, the Qutub Minar was built by Qutbuddin Aibak, the viceroy of Mohammed Ghori in 1192. It was built to celebrate Ghori's victory over the Rajputs MONUMENTS
  19. 19. MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS RED FORT The Red Fort, with a circumference of over 2.2 kilometers, was laid out by the banks of the Yamuna river in the 17th century. The Mughal emperor Shajahan built it with the ambition of the Mughal power in one monument. is perhaps not the right word. A mini-city is more like it.
  20. 20. MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS INDIA GATE This solemn monument was built in memory of the 90,000 Indian soldiers who died in World War I. It was built in 1931, designed by Lutyens, and was originally called the All India War Memorial
  21. 21. MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS JANTAR MANTAR The Jantar Mantar was built in 1710 by Raja Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743) in Delhi. This is an observatory consisting of mason-built astronomical instruments to chart the course of the heavens. Jai Singh, who was a very scholarly king with a very keen interest in astronomy and astrology.
  22. 22. <ul><li>The house that houses </li></ul><ul><li>the President of India and </li></ul><ul><li>the house that boasts of </li></ul><ul><li>having welcomed the most </li></ul><ul><li>powerful men in history. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rashtrapati Bhavan </li></ul><ul><li>was designed by Edwin </li></ul><ul><li>Lutyens and built in 1931, </li></ul><ul><li>to be the central point of the </li></ul><ul><li>British power in Delhi </li></ul>MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS RASHTRAPATI BHAVAN
  23. 23. <ul><li>The Teen Murti Bhavan housed </li></ul><ul><li>the first Prime Minister of India, </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru. </li></ul><ul><li>It was designed by Robert </li></ul><ul><li>Tor Russel, the architect of </li></ul><ul><li>Connaught Place, the Eastern </li></ul><ul><li>and Western Courts on Janpath </li></ul>TEEN MURTI
  24. 24. <ul><li>On 31st Jan. 1948, Mahatma Gandhi's </li></ul><ul><li>last rites were performed here. </li></ul><ul><li>The memorial stone of Gandhi is </li></ul><ul><li>square in shape made of black stone </li></ul><ul><li>His last ward- 'Hey Ram' is inscribed </li></ul><ul><li>on it. Ordinary people, VIPs, foreign </li></ul><ul><li>tourists all come here at </li></ul><ul><li>to pay their homage to him </li></ul>RAJGHAT
  25. 25. <ul><li>Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's </li></ul><ul><li>last rites was performed here on </li></ul><ul><li>27 May, 1964. A tombstone has </li></ul><ul><li>been erected on his funeral place. </li></ul><ul><li>Next to it, the tomb of Sanjay Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>who was died in a plane crash in 1980. </li></ul>SHANTI VAN
  26. 26. <ul><li>Built by Shah Jahan </li></ul><ul><li>in 1658, it is one of </li></ul><ul><li>the largest mosques </li></ul><ul><li>in India with a seating </li></ul><ul><li>capacity of more than </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 </li></ul>JAMA MASJID
  27. 27. <ul><li>This is the tomb of the famous </li></ul><ul><li>sufi saint, Nizam-ud-din Auliya. </li></ul><ul><li>The tomb has been through </li></ul><ul><li>several renovations ever since </li></ul><ul><li>it was built. The present </li></ul><ul><li>mausoleum dates back to 1562. </li></ul>NIZAM-UL- DIN SHRINE
  28. 28. HUMAYUN TOMB Humayun's tomb is known as the first example of the monumental scale that would characterize subsequent Mughal imperial architecture.The tomb is the first to mark the grave of a Mughal emperor; Humayun's father Babur, who founded the dynasty, Humayun's Tomb is now one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments in Delhi.
  29. 29. <ul><li>The temple represents the Bahai </li></ul><ul><li>faith which is broad in its outlook. </li></ul><ul><li>This gleaming lotus- like marble </li></ul><ul><li>structure is located on Bahapur Hills. </li></ul><ul><li>This structure, completed in 1986, </li></ul><ul><li>is a marvel of modern architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Set amidst pools and gardens, </li></ul><ul><li>the view of the temple is very </li></ul><ul><li>spectacular just before dusk </li></ul><ul><li>when the temple is flood lit. </li></ul>BAHAI TEMPLE
  30. 30. <ul><li>Also known as the Lakshmi Narayan </li></ul><ul><li>Temple, it is ideally located in central </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi (Mandir Marg). This temple </li></ul><ul><li>dedicated to the goddess of wealth, </li></ul><ul><li>Lakshmi and Lord Narayana </li></ul><ul><li>(Lord Vishnu) was built in 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>by the prominent Indian industrialist </li></ul><ul><li>Raja Baldev Das Birla and inaugurated </li></ul><ul><li>by Mahatma Gandhi. </li></ul>BIRLA MANDIR
  31. 31. <ul><li>Built on a hilly place in 1998, </li></ul><ul><li>the ISKCON Temple is a complex </li></ul><ul><li>of temples. Dedicated to </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Krishna, </li></ul><ul><li>this elegant temple is one </li></ul><ul><li>of the largest temple complexes </li></ul><ul><li>in India. It has a large number </li></ul><ul><li>of Hare-Rama Hare-Krishna cult followers. </li></ul>ISKCON TEMPLE
  32. 32. <ul><li>Located very close to </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmere Gate in north </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi, St. James Church </li></ul><ul><li>is the oldest church in the </li></ul><ul><li>capital. It was built by </li></ul><ul><li>James Skinner and </li></ul><ul><li>consecrated in 1836 </li></ul>ST.JAMES CHURCH
  33. 34. <ul><li>The famous Mughal Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>is located in the premises of the </li></ul><ul><li>Rashtrapati Bhavan - the official </li></ul><ul><li>residence of the President of India. </li></ul><ul><li>The building and gardens designed </li></ul><ul><li>by Sir Edwin Lutyens span an area of </li></ul><ul><li>about 320 acres that include colourful </li></ul><ul><li>flowering shrubs and European flowerbeds. </li></ul>MUGHAL GARDEN
  34. 35. <ul><li>It is one of the most important </li></ul><ul><li>Moghul gardens in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shalimar Garden, which </li></ul><ul><li>lies in the suburbs of the city, </li></ul><ul><li>was once the first-night staging </li></ul><ul><li>post for the Moghuls on their </li></ul><ul><li>way to Kashmir and Lahore. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1658, Aurangzeb was crowned </li></ul><ul><li>emperor here. </li></ul>SHALIMAR GARDEN GARDENS
  35. 36. <ul><li>The beautiful central pavilion </li></ul><ul><li>built by Shah Jahan is now in a fairly advanced state of decay. Some of the original painted </li></ul><ul><li>flower decoration has survived. </li></ul>SHISH MAHAL
  36. 37. <ul><li>In these well-maintained gardens </li></ul><ul><li>are the domed tombs of Sayyid </li></ul><ul><li>and Lodi rulers.. </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of the garden is </li></ul><ul><li>Bara Gumbad (Big Dome), </li></ul><ul><li>a mosque built in 1494. The </li></ul><ul><li>garden has Sheesh Gumbad </li></ul><ul><li>Mohammad Shah's Tomb and </li></ul><ul><li>Sikander Lodi's tomb. </li></ul>LODI GARDEN
  37. 38. <ul><li>The Delhi zoological Park, </li></ul><ul><li>close to Purana Qila, near </li></ul><ul><li>ITO, was established in 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>and is spread a massive area </li></ul><ul><li>of 214 acres is regarded as one </li></ul><ul><li>of the finest zoos in Asia and efforts have been made to provide an almost natural habitat to the animals and birds. </li></ul>ZOOLOGICAL PARK
  38. 39. <ul><li>At Palam-bound Sardar </li></ul><ul><li>Patel Marg via Karol Bagh </li></ul><ul><li>opp. Assam House is </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha Jayanti Park </li></ul><ul><li>founded on the auspicious </li></ul><ul><li>eve of 2500 years of </li></ul><ul><li>completion of Buddhas Great Salvation. </li></ul>BUDH JAYANTI PARK
  39. 40. The grand, ancient-styled Swaminarayan Akshardham complex was built in only five years through the blessings of HDH Pramukh Swami Maharaj of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) and the colossal devotional efforts of 11,000 and BAPS volunteers. The complex was inaugurated on 6 November, 2005. AKSHARDHAM TEMPLE
  41. 42. HISTORY OF MARKETS Chandni Chowk meaning the Moonlight Square, was designed and laid by Jahanara Begum. There was Najafgarh pond, the water of which glittered while reflecting the moonlight. The palace of the Begum, which today has the biggest electrical market of north India. History says that the emperor thought about founding this market in Old Delhi to satisfy his daughter's shopping spree. CHANDANI CHOWK
  42. 43. HISTORY OF MARKETS CONNAUGHT PLACE Connaught Place, built in 1931, is one of Delhi's most popular shopping centres... The state emporia buildings are also located in this area so are the head offices of major banks, airlines and other such things. The complex, popularly referred to as CP.
  44. 45. <ul><li>National Museum located on </li></ul><ul><li>Janpath is a treasure house of </li></ul><ul><li>India ’s glorious past. It has in </li></ul><ul><li>possession over 2,00,000 works </li></ul><ul><li>of exquisite art both of Indian and </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign origin covering more than </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 years of cultural heritage. </li></ul>NATIONAL MUSEUM
  45. 46. <ul><li>National Gallery of Modern Art, </li></ul><ul><li>housed in the residence of Jaipur's </li></ul><ul><li>former maharajas near India Gate, </li></ul><ul><li>has a superb collection of paintings </li></ul><ul><li>dating from 150 years ago to the </li></ul><ul><li>present day. </li></ul>NATIONAL GALLERY CULTURAL INSTITUIONS
  46. 47. CRAFT MUSEUM Crafts Museum at Pragati Maidan Grounds. It has galleries displaying India 's rich tradition of handicrafts. An added attraction is the presence of craftsperson who are bought here from different parts of the country to demonstrate their skills.
  47. 48. NEHRU PLANETARIUM Nehru Memorial Museum and Planetarium is located at Teen Murti house, the residence of India 's first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. After his death the house was converted into a memorial The Nehru memorial has a collection of gifts and many other items which he possessed. Nehru Planetarium is within the compound of Teen Murti. This planetarium gives a overview of the Indian Space program.
  48. 49. GANDHI MEMORIAL MUSEUM The Gandhi Memorial Museum has a collection of memorabilia on Mahatma Gandhi.
  49. 50. GOVERNMENT
  51. 52. The Parliament House is one of the most magnificent buildings in New Delhi which has one of the brightest clusters of architectural gems possessed by any country in the world. The building was designed by two famous architects – Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker – who were responsible for the planning and construction of New Delhi. GOVERNMENT The Parliament House
  52. 53. GOVERNMENT THE SUPREME COURT The Supreme Court of India is the highest court in the country and moved to the current building in 1958. The building is shaped to project the image of the scales of justice with the Central Wing (above) corresponding to the centre beam of the scales. In 1979, two new wings - the East Wing and West Wing - were added to the complex. In all there 15 Court Rooms in various wings of the building. The Chief Justice's Court is the largest of the Courts located in the centre of the Central Wing.
  53. 54. GOVERNMENT THE SECRETARIAT The Secretariat Building was designed by the British Architect, Herbert Baker. The building isinfluenced by both Moghul and Rajputana styles of Architecture.The building houses the Ministries of Defence, Finance, External Affairs, Home Affairs and The Prime Ministers Office. There are two buildings: The North Block and South Block which both flank Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  54. 55. <ul><li>O ne of the most oldest and </li></ul><ul><li>progressive cities in the world, </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi is the capital of world's </li></ul><ul><li>largest democracy, India. </li></ul><ul><li>The city is a perfect </li></ul><ul><li>amalgamation of ancient </li></ul><ul><li>and modern. The history of India </li></ul><ul><li>is related to the history of Delhi. </li></ul>