“BLUE BRAIN”- The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that can function as human brain. The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse engineering the mammalian brain down to the molecular level inorder to understand brain function through detailedsimulations. The simulations are carried out on a Blue Gene Supercomputer built by IBM.
* Director of Blue Brain Project (BBP). * Founder & Co- Director of EPFL’s Brain Mind Institute. *The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the Ecole Polytechnique Federale deLausanne, Switzerland.Henry Markram
“It is impossible to build a human brain and wecan do it in 10 years “ said Henry Markram. In BBC World Service interview he said: “if webuild it correctly it should speak and have anintelligence and behave very much as a humandoes”.
The Goal of the Blue Brain Projectare to gain a complete understandingof the brain and to enable betterand faster development of braindisease treatments.(Ex.Alzheimer,Parkinston’s)A longer term goal is to build adetailed, functional simulation of thephysiological processes in the humanbrain.
Human brain is the most efficientorganizational system in the planet.It is said to be the most advanced andcapable machine.It is the most valuable creation of God.The man is called intelligent because ofthe Brain ,But we loss the knowledgeof a brain when the body is destroyedafter the death.That knowledge might have been usedfor the development of human society.
What happen if we create a brain and up loadthe contents of natural brain in to it? Itmeans a machine can function as a humanbrain. Today scientist are in research to create anartificial brain that can think, respond, takedecision and keep anything in memory. Mainaim is to upload human brain in to machine. So that machine can think, take decision,wihtout any effort. After the death of thebody, the virtual brain will act as the man.
So after the death of person, we will not losethe knowledge, intelligence, personalities,feelings and memories of that man can beused for the development of human society. No one has ever understood the complexityof human brain. It is the complex circuitry in the world. The question may arise “ Is it possible tocreate a human brain? …………
A machine that can function as brain It can take decision. It can think. It can respond. It can keep things in memory.
To upload contents of the naturalbrain into it . To keep the intelligence ,knowledge and skill of any personfor ever . To remember things without anyeffort .
Sensory Input :-Receiving input such as sound ,image, etc through sensory cell . Interpretation:-Interpretation of the receivedinput by the brain by definingstates of neurons in the brain. Motor Output:-Receiving of electric responses from thebrain to perform any actionTerranceTao--- IQ level230
Natural Brain Simulated Brain•InputThrough the natural neurons.•InputThrough the silicon chip.•InterpretationBy different states of neuronsin the brain.•InterpretationBy a set of bits in the set ofregister.•OutputThrough natural neurons.•OutputThrough the silicon chip.
Now there is no question how the virtualbrain will work. But the question is how the human brain willbe up loaded into it. This is also possible due to the fast growingtechnology
UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN The uploading is possible by the use of small robotsknown as the Nanobots. These robots are small enough to travel through out ourcirculatory system. Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able tomonitor the activity and structure of our central nervoussystem. They will be able to provide an interface with computerthat is as close as our mind can be while we still reside inour biological form .
UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN(CONT….) Nanobots could also carefully scan thestructure of our brain, providing a completereadout of the connection. This information, when entered into acomputer, could then continue to function asus. Thus the data stored in the entire brain willbe uploaded into the computer.
UTILIZATION OF BLUE BRAIN A very good example of utilisation of bluebrain is the case "short term memory". A another situation is that when a persongets older, then he starts forgetting ortakes a bit more time to recognize to aperson. For the above reason we need a blue brain.It is a simple chip that can be installed intothe human brain for which the short termmemory and volatile memory at the oldage can be avoided.
A Super computer. Memory with a very large storing capacity. Processor with a very high processingpower. (The Blue Brain has some 8,000processors which map one or twosimulated brain neurons to eachprocessor, making the computer a replicaof 10,000 neurons. ) A very wide network. A program to convert the electric impulsesfrom the brain to input signal, which is tobe received by the computer and viceversa. Very powerful Nanobots to act as theinterface between the natural brain andthe computer.HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIRMENT
FLASHES OF ACTIVITY Blue Brain startedproducing flashes ofactivity that scientistsrecognized frommeasurements ofnatural brainbehavior -- on its veryfirst day. "Ithappened entirely onits own“.
BLUE BRAIN INLAUSANNA,SWITZERLAND The "Blue Brain" supercomputer in Lausanne, Switzerland.
3D neuronmorphologyreconstructionExample NEURONcell builder window
A megaFLOPS (MFLOPS) is equal to onemillion floating-point operations per second,gigaFLOPS (GFLOPS) is equal to one billionfloating-point operations per second.A teraFLOPS (TFLOPS) is equal to one trillionfloating-point operations per second.
BLUE BRAIN MODELVISUALISATION The representation shows thepart of the brain which hasbeen modeled using asupercomputer. The visualization is part of anambitious project to create abiologically accurate,functional model of the brainusing IBMs Blue Genesupercomputer.
Gathering and Testing 100 Years of Data Cracking the Neural Code Understanding Neocortical InformationProcessing. A Novel Tool for Drug Discovery for BrainDisorders A Global Facility A Foundation for Whole Brain Simulations A Foundation for Molecular Modeling ofBrain Function
BENEFITS OF BLUE BRAIN It acts as a supercomputer. Improvements in processing, speed and memorycould make entire human brain simulated. Things could be remembered without any effort. Use the intelligence of the person after death. It can make decisions entirely of its own. Allowing the deaf to hear via direct nervesimulation. Scientists think that blue brain could also helpto cure the Parkinsons disease.
DISADVANTAGES OF BLUE BRAIN We become dependent upon the computers. Another fear is found with respect to humancloning. A very costly procedure of regaining thememory back.
The human brain is said to be the mostadvanced and capable machine. After all, it’s humans who created supercomputers, isn’t it? Your brain needs a bit of oiling if youwant to keep it healthy and deliver abetter performance. Here are five tips to increase brainpower.
Solve Puzzles, Play Games Consume Almonds and Other Brain Food Meditate Imagine Follow a Sleep and Wake up Routine
CONCLUSION We can hope to learn a great deal about brainfunction and dis function from accuratemodels of the brain. In conclusion, we will be able to scanourselves in to the computer atsome point. Very soon this technology will be highlyacceptable all over the world.
REFRENCES: Henry Markram, “Engineering in Medicine andBiology Society,2008. EMBS 2008. 30th AnnualInternational Conference of the IEEE Henry Markram, “The Blue Brain Project, NatureReviews Neuroscience. http://bluebrainproject.epﬂ.ch http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/facts.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_brain http://www.alleninstitute.org
The human brain is an immensely powerful, energyefficient, self-learning, self-repairing computer. Ifwe could understand and mimic the way it works,we could revolutionize information technology,medicine and society. To do so we have to bringtogether everything we know and everything wecan learn about the inner workings of the brainsmolecules, cells and circuits. With this goal in mind,the Blue Brain team has recently come togetherwith approximately 87 other European andinternational partners to propose the Human BrainProject (HBP)…