The interview


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The interview

  1. 1. Shree Prasad DevkotaM. Phil. (Development Studies)First SemesterKathmandu UniversitySchool of EducationBalkumari, Lalitpur20135/16/2013
  2. 2.  The definition Five steps in conducting an interviewI. Determine the objectivesII. prepare for the interviewIII. carry out the interviewIV. Conclude the interviewing processV. Compile and analyze results Conclusion5/16/ 2
  3. 3. The interview is a way to:•Share ideas, engage in dialogue, solveproblems•Obtain peripheral information that may beassociated with an analysis goal, McNamara.(1999)Types of interview techniques StructuredSemi- structuredunstructured 5/16/2013
  4. 4.  Determine the objectives prepare for the interview carry out the interview Conclude the interviewing process Compile and analyze resultsSteiner (1996)5/16/2013
  5. 5. Are you looking for information about:Optimal performance?Actual performance problems?Feelings about performance?Solutions to performance? business opportunities and barriers toimplementing them??5/16/2013
  6. 6.  Draft objectives for the interview usingstandard terms ,keeping them clear, direct andshort share the objectives with the champion of theneeds analysis initiative for their review andcomments Finalize the objectives5/16/2013
  7. 7. Clarify and make decisions:The specific purpose of the interview the population or simple or respondentsDevelop protocol /script to help in carrying out theinterviewsDraft an opening statement explaining the purposeof the interviewIndicate the estimated time that will be neededProvide an explanation concerning issues ofconfidentiality5/16/2013
  8. 8.  Do not dominate the conversation Encourage the respondent to talk avoid interrupting Avoid stating your own opinions Aim your questions at the requiredinformation Allow the respondent to follow his/orown line of thought5/16/2013
  9. 9.  Show that the views expressed areunderstood and taken seriously Use the interview to supplementinformation already obtained Identify /investigate any inconsistencies Ask specific questions to allow forquantitative responses distinguish hard facts from opinion5/16/2013
  10. 10. When questions are answered vaguely,pursue them until they are clarified.Respondent may be too theoretical,conceptual or uses jargonIf your dont understand-ask for concreteexamples and explanations5/16/2013
  11. 11.  Dont ask strong, direct questions early inthe interview. Begin by building upon informationalready available or use closed –endedquestions which are not provoking Establish rapport and make respondentcomfortable Then ask open ended question5/16/2013
  12. 12.  Stop the interviewing process when yourbegin to hear the same information fromseveral respondentsAfter 4 to 6 interviews, you could noticemuch redundancyIf you hear similar responses with 2 or 3stop the interviewing process5/16/2013
  13. 13.  Follow –up with any respondents to getfurther clarification or needed data Dont betray trust/confidence of thoseyou interviewed Remove information that could indentifya particular respondent5/16/2013
  14. 14. Used semi-structure interview Conducted with 15 teacher,10 headteacher,12 resourcesperson,4 school supervisors,5 teacher trainers,4 traineeteachers,2 district education officers,2 officers from Ncedand 1 from department of education.Open-ended interview 9 teachers (3 from each district) Purposeful sampling method was used to chose teachers All teacher selected for the interview had ratedthemselves 5 on a five point likert scale where 5 equal themost effective5/16/2013
  15. 15.  Establish rapport with participantsHe informed about the purpose of the studyTried to build the trust and create supportiveatmosphere (for this, he understand theirproblem, discussed the process of interviewand developed confidentiality)Ensure participant to use their fake name notthe real nameTry to make needy interview5/16/2013
  16. 16. interview Student(two from eachschool)8interview Parents (two from eachschool)8interview Teachers (two from eachschool)8interview Head teachers (one fromeach school)4School survey 4 schools45/16/2013
  17. 17.  Questions should be as open-ended aspossible Questioning techniques should encourageinterviewees to be as frank as possible Develop good prompting skills.Prompting encourages the respondent toproduce an answer Probing is a key interview skill to have5/16/2013
  18. 18.  Foddy, W. (1993). Constructing Questions for Interviews:Cambridge University Press McNamara. (1999). General Guidelines for ConductingInterviews: Minnesota Steiner, k. (1996). An Introduction to Qualitative ResearchInterviewing :Sage Publications Shrestha, P.K. (2011).Primary Teachers’Perception andPractice of Continuing Professional Development. Anunpublished M.Phil dissertation submitted to KathmanduUniversity. Shrestha, D. (2011).Free and Compulsory BasicEducation for Chepang Children. An unpublished M.Phildissertation submitted to Kathmandu University.5/16/2013