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4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.1Socialization of studentsPresented By:Shree Prasad DevkotaM.Phil in Development Studies,2013Kathmandu University
Outline of the PresentationDefinition of socializationAgents of SocializationAnalysis from different theoryConclusionReferences4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.2
Socialization is …… Socialization’ refers to the adjustment of individualacceptance of organizational rules and culture.Chou(2011) The cultural process of learning to participate in grouplife. The lifelong process of social interaction though whichpeople acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental,and social skills needed for survival in society. The content of socialization of student be differentfrom society to society.4/23/20133 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Socialization as Social Control4/23/20134 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Agents of SocializationThe persons, groups, or institutions that teach us whatwe need to know in order to participate in society: family, school, peers, and media.4/23/20135 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Family Families introduce children to the expectations ofsociety. How parents define and treat a child is crucial to thedevelopment of the child’s sense of self. Some families emphasize educational achievement;some may be more liberal, but others emphasize strictrespect and discipline.4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.6
Cont. Functionalists emphasize that families are theprimary locus of procreation and socialization ofchildren, as well as the primary source of emotionalsupport. To a large extent the family is where we acquire ourspecific social positions in society. Conflict theorist stress that socialization reproducesclass structure in the next generation4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.7
School From a functionalist perspective schools are responsible for: Socialization—teaching students to be productivemembers of society Transmission of culture Social control and personal development According to Conflict Theorists much of what happens atschools is a hidden curriculum Working class and low income children learn to be neat,on time, wait their turn, and remain attentive to work These are characteristic that make them more easilymanipulated in the workforce4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.8
Peer Group For children, peer culture is an important source ofidentity. Through interaction with peers, children learnconcepts of self, gain social skills, and form valuesand attitudes. Girls’ peer groups tend to be closely join anddemocratic. Boys’ peer groups tend to be more hierarchical, withevident status distinctions between members.4/23/20139 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Mass Media The mass media function as socialization agents forchildren and adults in several ways: They inform students about events They introduce wide variety of people They provide an array of viewpoints on currentissues They make aware of products and services that ifwe purchase them, supposedly will help us to beaccepted by others They entertain , by providing the opportunity to livevicariously4/23/201310 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Functionalist Theory ofSocializationIndividual LearningprocessPeople internalize roleexpectations in societyFormation of selfInternalizing the values ofsociety reinforces socialconsensusInfluence of society Society relies on conformity tomaintain social equilibrium4/23/201311 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Conflict Theory of SocializationIndividualLearningprocessGoals that are part of identity areshaped by available opportunitiesFormation of selfGroup consciousness is formedin the context of a system ofinequalityInfluence ofsocietySocial control agents usepressure to conform4/23/201312 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Symbolic Interaction Theory ofSocializationIndividualLearningprocessChildren learn by taking the roleof significant othersFormation ofselfEmerges as the creative selfinteracts with social expectationsof othersInfluence ofsocietyExpectations of others form thecontext for learning social roles4/23/201313 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
Conclusion of three Perspective onsocialization Functionalism perspective - socialization responsible forsociety by making needs of individuals match needs ofsociety Conflict perspective- socialization reproduces inequalityo • Haves & have-nots are socialized differentlyo • Haves control agents of socialization Symbolic interactionism perspective- socializationinvolves learning shared meaning that make social actionpossibleo Role-takingo Looking-glass self4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.14
CONCLUSION Active process whereby human beings Learn how to become members of society Develop a self or sense of individual identity Learn to participate in social relationships with others Student learn the expectations of society throughsocialization.4/23/201315 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
ReferencesPerrino, R. G. (n.d.). The Socialization Process and Its Impact onChildren and Learning retrieved fromhttpwww.nvtutoring.compdfsSocialization.pdf3e3ea140 on 18thApril 2013.Page, G. (n.d.). Professional Socialization of valuation students: whatthe literature says. retrieved fromhttpwww.prres.netPapersPage_Professional_socialization_of_valuation_students.pdf on 18thApril,2013.CHOU, C.M. (2011). Student teachers socialization development byteaching blog: reflections and socialization strategies. The TurkishOnline Journal of Educational Technology retrieved fromhttpwww.tojet.netarticlesv10i210219.pdf on 18th April,2013.4/23/201316 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
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