Diversity presentation on interdisciplinary education
InterdisciplinaryApproaches to EducationShree Prasad DevkotaMphil Candidate (2013)Development StudySchool of EducationKathmandu University
Scopes1. Related Terminology2. Concept3. Interdisciplinary approach in Nepalese curriculum4. Perspectives in Interdisciplinary Learning5. Significance learning6. Strengths and Weakness of Interdisciplinary Education
Related Terminology• A disciplinary or holistic courses attempt to gaincomprehensive picture without specificattention to disciplines or professional fields.• Multi-disciplinary: a term used to study differentdisciplines or subject separately to understandphenomena
Interdisciplinary• Science becoming more interdisciplinary because manyproblems, challenges facing society are so complex thatthey cannot be answered by a single discipline.• It integrates information, perspectives, concepts ortheories from two or more disciplines of specializedknowledge to advance fundamental understanding orto solve problems whose solutions are beyond thescope of a single discipline (Johnes, Aug 2012)
Interdisciplinary• Two or more disciplines are brought together,preferably in such a way that the disciplines interactwith one another and have some effect on oneanothers perspectives (Rowntree, 1982, p. 135)• Integration of multidisciplinary knowledge across acentral program (Ivanistskyaya, Clark, Montgomery andPrimeau, 2002)• Involvement of several different professional areas(Ivanistskyaya, Clark, Montgomery and Primeau, 2002)
Interdisciplinary• It is understanding as the capacity to integrateknowledge and modes of thinking in two ormore disciplines or established areas ofexpertise to produce a cognitive advancement– such as explaining a phenomenon, solving aproblem, or creating a product (Mansilla &Duraising, 2007 Cited in Golding, 2009)
Social marketing demandsInterdisciplinary Approach1. Commercial marketing2. Social anthropology3. Behavioral psychology4. Communication theory5. Education
Medical KnowledgePsychological understandingSociological knowledgeCommunication SkillResearch knowledgeManagement Skill
Interdisciplinary curriculum in theformal education of NepalEnglishMathematicsComputereducationPopulationNepaliSocial studiesScienceHealth/environmenteducationECA
Association between the InterdisciplinarySubjects (Diversity of Education, Mphil Class, 2012)CulturalDiversityLinguisticDiversityBio Diversity
Perspectives in InterdisciplinaryLearning1. It facilitates the development of structuralknowledge: an understanding of higher-orderrelationships and organizing principles2. Encourage to perceive the connections betweenseemingly unrelated domains, thereby facilitatinga personalized process of organizing knowledge.3. Assimilate newly integrated concepts with priorknowledge and experience
Interdisciplinary Promotes SignificantLearning1. Foundational Knowledge acquiring information andunderstanding ideas2. Application – acquiring an understanding of how and when touse skills3. Integration – the capacity to connect ideas4. Human Dimension - recognition of the social and personalimplications of issues5. Learning How-to-Learn – obtaining insights into the process oflearning
To apply interdisciplinary approachone needed to:1. Understand several important disciplinary perspectives are relevant toevery environmental decision2. Understand the perspective of each relevant discipline3. Judge how important each perspective is for the issue at hand4. Evaluate the evidence or reasons supporting each of the perspectives5. Balance, weigh-up or accommodate the pressures from the differentperspectives in order to reach a reasonable and creative decision oroutcome;6. Make a case for why this decision or outcome is better thanalternatives.
an example of a subject that takes aninterdisciplinary approachMainissueHomosexuality: In particular, the different perspectivesand views of homosexualityDisciplinesto beintegratedDiscipline 1: BiologyUnderstand and take a position on the extent to whichhomosexuality is acquired or innateDiscipline 2: Laws, rights and politicsUnderstand and evaluate the current policy, laws and rightsabout homosexuality and their social effectsDiscipline 4: TheologyUnderstand and evaluate the reasoning behind the positionstaken by various religious groupsDiscipline 5: Psychology and SociologyUnderstand the psychological and sociological implicationsof particular views about homosexuality
Strengths of Interdisciplinary Education1. Collaboration with disciplines2. Expose with issues and apply holistic approach3. Develop critical vision and address a problem from multipleperspective4. Promote group dynamism5. Expanding understanding and achievement between alldiscipline6. Individual become independent and confident7. Metacognition: Critical and independent thinking8. Epistemological development
Challenges in Interdisciplinary1. Misunderstanding of disciplines2. Over-reliance on one theory or perspective3. Integration confusion, time consuming in curriculumpreparation4. Lack of sufficient time for collaboration work5. Overlapping roles6. Territorial and status conflict7. Inadequate funding8. Isolate from the core of own field9. Lacks specific understand knowledge
ReferenceJones, C. (2010). Interdisciplinary approach-advantages,disadvantages and future benefits of interdisciplinarystudies. ESSI, 7 (1). College of DupageIvanistskaya, L., Clark, D., Montgomery, G., & Primeau, R.(2002). Interdisciplinary learning: process andoutcomes. Innovation Higher Educaiton, 27 (2). HumanSciences Press, Inc.Golding, C. (2009). Integrating the discipline: successfulinterdisciplinary subjects. Center for the study of highereducation. The University of MELBOUNE.Bennett, S. (Feb, 2012). Increasing psychology’s role ininterdisciplinary science. 43 (2) Monitor ONPSYCHOLOGY. APA Publication.
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