Ift russian


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Ift russian

  2. 2.  Electricity is an element of PT modalities most frightening and least understood. Understanding the basis principles will later aid you in establishing treatment protocols.
  3. 3. • Amplitude window• Frequency window• Acute window• chronic window• Energy based window• Time based window• Interval based window
  4. 4.  420B.C-hippocrates-in torpaedo fish 46A.D-scribonius largus-gout/headache 1700-luigi galvani & alessantro volta 1745-leyden jar for ES 1831-michael faraday 1850s-duchene-motor points(father of ES) 1909-rheo/chron-louis 1916-SD curve-Adrian FES-1961-liberson 1962-HVPC-robert becker
  5. 5.  Introduction Definition Physical characteristics Therapeutic uses Treatment regimes Practical application Contra-indications Dangers
  6. 6.  Widely used electrotherapy modality Used since the 1950s to utilise the therapeutic aspects of low frequency currents without the discomfort
  7. 7.  Two medium frequency currents of slightly differing frequency are applied to the body in such a manner to produce; an amplitude modulated medium frequency current within the body. Amplitude modulation provides a beat frequency that is within the biological frequency range
  9. 9. medium frequency A + medium frequency B = low (therapeutic) frequency C
  10. 10. 1. Z=1/2Π fC ,Z = skin impedance f = frequency in Hertz (Hz) C = capacitance of skin in microfarads
  11. 11. Skin impedance is of two types ohmic resistance and capacitive resistance. Capacitive resistance is developed deep in the tissues due to electrolytic potential difference generated in the cell membrane
  12. 12.  2.Accomodation is delayed. 3.Current can travel at the depth of the tissue. 4.Alternating current can be used 5. Stimulus asynchronous stimulation is applied for production of interferential current so Wedensky inhibition doesn’t takes place and thereby there is no accommodation phenomenon. Stimulus asynchronous produces Gilde-Meister effect. (In low-frequency currents, stimulus synchronous is used which causes Wedensky inhibition and thus nerve or muscle gets accommodated to that current. Inability of tissue to respond during the refractory period due to stimulus synchronus current is known as Wedensky inhibition)
  13. 13. PlateElectrodesVacuum ElectrodesCombined Electrodes(probe electrode)Quadripolar/bipolar methodScannig/staticConstant/variable frequency
  14. 14. Suction electrodes with moistened spongesSuction machine
  15. 15. Electrodes placed so that the two circuits produce an interference current and the patient experiences the tingling sensation on and around the site of their problemLeft knee
  16. 16. Electrodes placed above Thigh ,Knee , Upper back & Lower backRegion
  17. 17.  4KHZ-pain relief 2KHZ-muscle stimulation Pre modulated/4EL Able to penetrate tissues with little resistance No accomadation/gildemeister effect
  18. 18.  100Hz - pain relief 50-60 Hz = muscle contraction 1-50 Hz = increased circulation The higher the frequency (Hz) the more quickly the muscle will fatigue 1-4 Hz-beta endorphin 40-100Hz-enkepalin,serotonin
  19. 19.  Interferential current is commonly used for pain relief Relief of muscle spasm Promote tissue healing Relief from edema Re-education of deeply situatedMuscles.
  20. 20.  Facialnerve neuritis Orthopedic conditions Pain-LBP.jaw pain,OA pain,fibromyalgia( same like tens) Gynecological problems-incontinence DOMS Edema Post surgical pain Bone healing
  21. 21.  Vasoconstrictive disease Venous insufficiency Delayed union Pseudo arthrosis Sudeck’s atrophy Muscle reeducation(PFM)
  22. 22. Relief of pain – pain gate theory 80-140Hz (higher IFT frequencies) Stimulates Aβ fibres To inhibit impulse transmission in A∂ and C fibres Used for both acute and chronic pain Temporary pain relief
  23. 23. Relief of pain – Ascending pain suppression, 2-30Hz (lower frequencies) Stimulates A∂ fibres: To inhibit C fibre transmission Via the release of encephalins and endorphins More longer lasting pain relief Only effective on chronic pain
  24. 24. Reduction of oedema 0-100 Hz Stimulates autonomic nerves to produce vasodilatation Increases circulation
  25. 25. Motor stimulation 0-25 Hz - twitch 25-100 Hz - muscle contraction Can be used to treat incontinence or muscle weakness secondary to trauma/ surgery (in conjunction with active exercise).
  26. 26.  Acute sepsis - ↑ risk of spread of infection Tumours - ↑ risk of increased growth of activity Pregnancy – no treatment over uterus or its’ nerve supply Cardiac disease – no treatment over the heart, cervical ganglia or vagus nerve
  27. 27.  Cardiac pacemakers Febrileconditions Large open wounds Menstruation - ↑ risk of bleeding or pain if treatin abdominal of lumbar region Dermatological conditions-open wound,cuts or eczema Thrombophlebitis – risk of embolus being dislodged
  28. 28.  Severe ↑ or ↓ BP – avoid lower cervical region – BP control via cervical ganglia Acute inflammation, oedema, haemorrhage or haematoma when using suction cups Hypersensitivity or fear of electrical treatment Patients who are unable to understand the treatment or what is required of them
  29. 29.  Aesthenic individuals/children for rib cage placements Acute trauma Near by SWD Senile and confused patients
  30. 30.  Burns – high intensity currents can cause sufficient heating to cause a burn. Mains current shock – faulty equipment Electric shock – abrupt application of high intensity current – turn current up/ down slowly General malaise Nausea Vomiting Dizziness / Faintness Migraine / Headache Neurological effects
  31. 31. Metal implants are not the contraindications of interferential therapy
  32. 32.  Pain80-140 Hz 15 minutes4 Hz constant 15 minutes Circulation0-100Hz 20-30 minutes
  33. 33.  Musclestimulation10-50 Hz 15 minutes50Hz constant with surge IncontinenceStress incontinence - 10-50Hz, surge15 minutes.Urge incontinence - 5-10Hz 10 minutes
  34. 34. Laser + Ultrasound + IFT Machineperforminginterferential therapy A patient receiving ICTwith suction pads to Tens Med Fit Mini 4 Pole Inferential Stimulator (IF) (Interferential Current Therapy)reduce swelling and for pain in handalleviate pain.
  35. 35. Professional Interferential Unit With AC Adapte Ultra IF - Interferential UElectrode placement of interferential therapy in plantar fasciatis
  36. 36. Chronic Pain Suppressor CPS-2000 Interferential Current TherapyJPM Interferential Therapy &Vacuum
  37. 37. Vectorsonic Vu720 Combination InterferentialInterferential CurrentTherapy Equipment Quattro 4-Channel Interfere
  38. 38.  Russian currents are alternating currents (AC) at a frequency of 2.5 kHz that are burst modulated at a frequency of 50 Hz with a 50% duty cycle. The stimulus is applied for a 10- second “on” period followed by a 50-second “off” or rest period, with a recommended treatment time of 10 minutes per stimulation session.1 This stimulation regimen (called the “10/50/10” regimen), applied once daily over a period of weeks, has been claimed to result in force gains, but many of the claims appear to be anecdotal
  39. 39.  We believe some of the popularity of Russian electrical stimulation stemmed from a talk given by Russian scientist Dr Yakov Kots13 at a conference in 1977. Kots is reported to have advocated a stimulus regimen for increasing muscle force that he claimed was able to increase the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of elite athletes by up to 40%. Unfortunately, the only details of Kotswork were brief conference notes, translated from Russian and not readily accessible.13
  40. 40. A monophasic/unipolar current 50to 250 micro seconds 3000hz Czechoslovakia in1970
  41. 41. Frequency Analysis Method The external currents with different frequencies are considered to cause different effects in tissues. Thus we assume that tissue reactions on different frequencies in different states of the body will also differ from each other. Measuring the sensory, motor and pain thresholds by stimulating the tissue with the interference current may offer a diagnostic tool in physiotherapy and rehabilitation
  42. 42.  Pain control treatment Can cause muscle contractions, but that is not why it is used Decreases patient’s pain perception by decreasing the conductivity & transmission of noxious impulses from small pain fibers (effects large diameter fibers) Moderate caffeine levels (200 mg, approx 2-3 c. coffee) may decrease effectiveness of TENS
  43. 43. Introduce yourself to patientGive assurance/confidence
  44. 44.  Go through the medical reports Find out diagnosis/general contra-indications/ previous physiotherapy treatment
  45. 45.  Hyper pyrexia Epilepsy Severe renal and cardiac problems Severe hypo/hypertension Cardiac pacemakers Infections Pregnant women Metal implants Mentally retarded/upset patients Malignancy Anterior aspect of neck/carotid sinus/eyes
  46. 46. Skin resistance Treatment tray lowering/testing tray  Pillows Pillows  Towel Cotton  Bed sheet Soap  Cotton Towel  Adhesive tapes Mackintosh  Straps/goggles Petroleum jelly  Salt/Powder Test tubes ( hot &cold)  Scissor/ Inch tape U-pin (sharp &blunt)  Paper Clips  Graph paper Bowl of water  Pencil/scale/eraser IR lamp  Machine& accessories Hot &cold packs  Sand bags/crepe bandages
  47. 47.  Open wounds Scars Local skin infections Cuts Abrasions Eczema Local hemorrhagic spots Skin sensitivity (testing)
  48. 48.  Check the apparatus& accessories like electrodes, leads, cables, plugs, power sockets, switches, controls, dials and others
  49. 49.  Demonstration of the treatment Check the functioning of machine in front of the patient Explanation of treatment
  50. 50.  Comfortable Relaxed appropriate
  51. 51.  Do skin resistance lowering Neatly &perfectly Use items required in an orderly manner
  52. 52.  Use proper technique of application
  53. 53.  Appropriate placement according to the condition &patient Use adhesives &straps Apply gel evenly on electrode Maintain good contact with the skin No leads crossing each other Confirm connections &above all
  54. 54. Instructions Warnings Don’t move  Inform more Don’t sleep heating/uncomfort Don’t touch leads, able sensations  Inform burning apparatus, therapist and any other metal sensation near by you immediately
  55. 55.  Proper execution of treatment Appropriate intensity should be used Set duration of treatment acc. to condition status Supervise the treatment through out the session
  56. 56.  Put knobs to zero Remove electrodes Switch off the machine &mains Clean the area &inspect for adverse reactions Manage if anything &give instruction regarding next coming Windup procedure
  57. 57. Accurate record of all parameters of treatment including area treated , technique, dosage and the outcomes
  58. 58.  Low J. and Reed A. (1992) Electrotherapy Explained: Principles and Practice. Oxford Watson T. (2000) The role of electrotherapy in contemporary physiotherapy practice. Manual Therapy Aug:5(3);132-41