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• Area: 676,578 km² (261,228 square miles).
Terrain: A land of hills and valleys rimmed in the
north, east and west by mountain ranges forming
a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain
barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwaddy,
Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most
of the country's agricultural land and population
• Climate: Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot,
humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to
September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild
temperatures, lower humidity during winter
(northeast monsoon, December to April).
• Ethnic groups: according to Myanmar's Ministry
of Foreign Affairs there are 8 Major National
Ethnic Races in Myanmar, which all comprises
different ethnic groups: the Kachin, the Kayah,
the Kayin, the Chin , the Mon, the Bamar, the
Rakhine, and the Shan
• Religions: Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%),
Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%)
and others (0.2%)
• Natural resources: Timber, tin, antimony, zinc,
copper, tungsten, lead, coal, limestone, precious
stones like jade, ruby and sapphires, natural gas,
hydropower, and some petroleum.
• Agriculture Products: Rice, pulses, beans, sesame,
groundnuts, sugarcane, hardwood, fish and fish
• Industries: Agricultural processing; knit and
woven apparel; wood and wood products;
copper, tin, tungsten, iron; construction
materials; fertilizer; cement,rubber.
Type: nominally civilian government (since 29th
March 2011, when Burma's military handed over
power). The new political system came into
effect after an election in November 2010.
Constitution: 3 January 1974 (suspended since 18
September 1988 when latest junta took power).
Burma has been under military authority since
• "Mingalarbar" when meeting each other
• Let the oldest be served first
• Show respect to monks, novices and nuns
• Offer articles with both hands
• Bend a bit when crossing close in front of the elders
• Dress and act decent
• Speak slowly and clearly
• Seek permission on retrieving an article above a person's
• Don't wear the shoes and shorts at the pagodas and
• Don't sit with back against Buddha Image
• A woman should not touch a monk
• Don't handle Buddha Images or sacred object with disrespect
• Don't step on a monk's shadow
• Don't touch anybody on the head
• Don't touch a woman on any part of the body
• Don't point a finger straight in the face
• Don't step over any part of the person
• Don't go where you are advised not to go
• Do not give anything to the elder people with only one hand.