[Transportation] 11.12. enkh, shatar (ulaanbaatar)

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The Transportation Policy Program - MITI HQ

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  • Нийтийн тээврийн үйлчилгээний бүртгэл хяналтын систем хэт хоцрогдсон нь үйлчилгээний чанар, соёлд сөрөг нөлөө үзүүлж байна. Уг радио долгионы систем нь 2002 онд ашиглалтанд орж одоог хүртэл ашиглагдаж байна.
  • Энд жишээ болгон Улаанбаатар хотын төв замын нэг болох Энхтайваны өргөн чөлөөний зорчигч, тээврийн хэрэгслийн урсгалын үзүүлэлтийг үзүүллээ.
    Тээврийн хэрэгслийн тоон үзүүлэлт нэмэгдэж буйн гол шалтгаан нь нийтийн тээврийн үйлчилгээ хэрэглэгчдийн шаардлагийг хангахгүй байгаагаас иргэдийн хувийн авто машины хэрэглээ өдөр ирэх тутам нэмэгдсээр авто замын сүлжээний даацаас хэтрээд байна.
    Энд дурдсан тоон үзүүлэлтийг Замын цагдаагийн газраас өчигдөрхөн авсан тоо гэдгийг хэлэх хэрэгтэй байх.
  • Ойрын хугацаанд Бүртгэлийн систем /GPS, буудал зардлах, зорчигчдод мэдээлэл хүргэх боломжийг бүрдүүлэх,
    Дунд хугацаанд Тусгай замын автобусны үйлчилгээний нэвтрүүлэх эрх зүйн орчинг бүрдүүлэх, тусгай замын автобус /BRT/, нийтийн тээврийн үйлчилгээнд бүх нийтээр хөлс төлдөг зарчимд шилжих эрх зүйн орчинг бүрдүүлэх, цахим картын систем нэвтрүүлэх,
    Урт хугацаанд Нийтийн тээврийн үйлчилгээнд метрог байгуулж эхлэх, үйлчилгээнд ашиглах, нийслэл хотын ачаа тээвэрлэлтийн нэгдсэн логистик системийг бий болгох зорилт тавин ажиллаж байна.
  • [Transportation] 11.12. enkh, shatar (ulaanbaatar)

    1. 1. INCEPTION REPORT Transport Department of the Capital city Senior specialist Mr. E.BAYART Specialist Mrs. SH.OYUMAA 2014.04.16 Ulaanbaatar city
    2. 2. Current situation of public transport 1 2 Urban transport projects 3 Main problems of public transport 4 Long term plan of UB City Public Transport
    3. 3. Outline of Ulaanbaatar City Established in : 1639 Population : 1.2 million Density : 229 persons/km2 Area : 4,704.4 km2
    4. 4. Current situation and problems of public transport in Ulaanbaatar city
    5. 5. Current situation of public transportation in Ulaanbaatar city Ulaanbaatar city public transportation service starts at 06:30 AM to 22:30 PM along through approved routes and schedules. 52 54 60 66 6667 53 44 46 50 13 19 19 20 18 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 The number of public transport routes Main routes Assisting routes /microbus/ Suburban routes The number of public transport routes
    6. 6. 947 893 943 1020 1048 51 47 47 58 66 1709 1235 970 968 885 511 566 658 734 649 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Number of vehicles in public transport Taxi Microbus Trolleybus Bus Urban public transport service provider organizations integrate and improve the capacity of firms by enlarging and fewer small bus strategy. Current situation of public transportation in Ulaanbaatar city Vehicle types in Ulaanbaatar Trolley Medium capacity buses Small capacity buses TaxiHigh capacity buses 152.3 153.2 154.4 156.2 193 199 220.7 234.7 236 262.8 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Passenger of public transport (million people) Passengers
    7. 7. Commissioned in 2002, the accounting control system consists of the following sections. • MT -150 (mini transmitter) – in the all bus • Registration stations - 51 • High power transmission station-2 • Central system and servers , software… Controlling system Running smoothly is very low
    8. 8. Data of public transportation № Data Value 2 Number of motor vehicles /Ulaanbaatar city/ 375 000 3 Number of motor vehicles /Public transport/ Bus 1048 Trolleybus 66 Microbus 885 Taxi 649 total 2648 4 Roads length /asphalts/ 427 km 5 Public transportation routes length 4414 km 6 Average route length 31.08 km 7 No. of bus station 596 8 Public transport fare Bus 1 passenger – 500 ₮= 0.28 $ 9 Trolleybus 1 passenger – 300 ₮= 0.17 $ 10 Microbus 1 passenger – 500 ₮= 0.28 $ 11 Taxi 1 km – 700 ₮= 0.4 $ 12 Passengers 262,8 million.persons /2013 year/ 13 Passengers in a day 720.000 14 Highway, subway None
    9. 9. Average Daily Passenger Volume of Peace Avenue (SL-4) West-East - 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 Hour Passenger Cars Micro bus Small Bus Large Bus Small Rigid Truck Average Daily Traffic Volume of Peace Avenue (West-East) - 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 Hour Unit Cars Micro bus Small Bus Large Bus Light Truck Тээврийн хэрэгслийн нягтрал Public transport Private car Number of vehicles 2 % 98% Passengers 60% 35% Current situation of public transportation in Ulaanbaatar city Source of ADB
    10. 10. Main problems of public transport in Ulaanbaatar city
    11. 11. Main problems of public transport in Ulaanbaatar city • Mechanical growth of the population, Traffic congestion; • Usage of private vehicle is at rise; accessibility and availability of car park is reduced • The public transportation policies didn’t have strong linkage to Urban planning; • Public transport is facing lack of proper Information and technology and banking/ financial systems; • Low ticket price and insufficient compensation of Government for elderly and disabled, including students and elementary school pupils • Level of Road safety conditions are worsening; • Re-novation of the vehicle fleet, machinery and equipment not done in recent years; • Traffic management capacity is weak; • High rate of traffic accident – Low enforcement of traffic regulation by the pedestrians and vehicles – High rate of traffic accident – Regular road maintenance, especially in winter time • And the transport infrastructure and facilities are not developed well etc.
    12. 12. • Implementation Phasing (2015, 2025, 2030, 2045) Source of ADB Long term plan of Ulaanbaatar City Public Transport
    13. 13. Planning for the special route buses relating with Master Plan of Development of Ulaanbaatar city until 2030. Long term plan of Ulaanbaatar City Public Transport
    14. 14. • In short term:Introduction of Bus Information System/BIS, Bus Management System/BMS and E-ticketing systems, to re-organize and plan the public transport service routes,to build up the public transport fleet with more of newer units, to reduce the emission caused by transport vehicles, to formulate and implement the capital city’s public transport development program; • Mid term: To introduce the Bus Rapid Transport /BRT/, to create the legal basis to introduce the Metro service, to modernize the payment collection system of public transport, to construct public transport service terminals, to develop logistics system for cargo and passenger transports, to install CCTV control devices on public transport terminals for the non-stop surveillance for safety, to prepare professional staff; • Long term: To introduce the Metro service in Ulaanbaatar city and to convert all of the public transport fleet engines that would be consuming natural gas. Public transport in the near and medium-and long-term scheduled tasks ...
    15. 15. 16
    16. 16. 2 1 1. Urban Transport Development Project in Mongolia o Bus Rapid Transit Project /BRT/ o Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) project 2. “Ulaanbaatar, the subway construction Feasibility” o Metro Feasibility Study on /Soosung engineering & Seoul metro / o Research, public transport projects in Ulaanbaatar / JICA / Urban transport projects
    17. 17. Bus Rapid Transit Project /BRT/
    18. 18. Санхүүжилтын эх үүсвэр Phase 1 Phase 1 Phase 1 Total ADB 59.9 78.0 78.0 215.9 Government of Mongolian 17.0 20.0 20.0 57.0 НИЙТ 76.9 98.0 98.0 272.9 Investment plan of Bus Rapid Transit Project /BRT/
    19. 19. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) projects Public transport services in Ulaanbaatar register control / BMS, BIS / or electronic payment / e-ticketing / systems for feasibility studies and advanced research and development of tender documents in project 3.
    20. 20. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) projects
    21. 21. Solve integration problems • Install new line (BRT) • Improvement fare and control system • Human resource development • Service quality • Bus station problems
    22. 22. ?

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