[Waterworks] City Presentation - Dhaka(Bangladesh)

458 views
285 views

Published on

[2014 May] International Program on Seoul Waterworks

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
458
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

[Waterworks] City Presentation - Dhaka(Bangladesh)

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. DR. MD . SHAHADAT HOSSAIN
  3. 3. OBJECTIVE WATER WORKS POLICY OF BANGLADESH.
  4. 4. TOPICS COVERED 1. Idea about Bangladesh 2. Bangladesh Municipal Development Fund (BMDF) 3. Idea about Dhaka City 4. WATERWORKS POLICY : vVarious policies v Constraints v Recommendations 5. Visit Bangladesh 6. Conclusion
  5. 5. CC-WatSan-Health-Livelihood-Poverty 60-70% global impacts of climate change can60-70% global impacts of climate change can be reflected in water.be reflected in water. a. Too much watera. Too much water b. Too little waterb. Too little water c. Wrong type of waterc. Wrong type of water d. Wrong timing of waterd. Wrong timing of water CCHealth Livelihood WatSan Poverty
  6. 6. THE LINKAGE Too much water Too little water Wrong type of water Wrong timing of water • Destroy sanitation system •Water pollution through pathogens • Mosquito breeding • Poor sanitation • Saline water •Water polluted with fecal coli form • Water logging • Vector (Virus) HEALTH HAZARD POVERTY INCREASED •Flooding •Damage to crop, fisheries, LS •No water for Crop, fisheries, LS •Reduce production due to salinity •Heavy rainfall in short time cause damage to crop • No rainfall during seedling, transplantation, tillering, pinnacle initiation stage LOSS OF LIVELIHOOD POVERTY INCREASED Food Security & Health Sanita- tion & Health
  7. 7. 1.IDEA ABOUT BANGLADESH LANDS ARE 1. Exceedingly flat, 2. Low-lying, and 3. Subject to annual flooding. 4. Much fertile, 5. Alluvial soil is deposited by the floodwaters. A large part of Bangladesh is formed by the siltation process of three Rivers – Ganges ( Padma ). Bramaputra ( Jamuna )& Meghna.
  8. 8. The Complex River SystemsThe Complex River Systems Water TowerWater Tower Water SinkWater Sink
  9. 9. BANGLADESH vBounded by India in the North and West; vBy the Bay of Bengal in the South, vBy part of India and Myanmar in the Eastern side. vThe total area is 147,570 sq km (56,977 sq. miles). v Thousands of tributaries with a total length of about 24,140 km. vRivers are connected to the Bay of Bengal.
  10. 10. 12 FISHERIES RESOURCES PARTICULRS AREA PERCENT 1. Inland Open-waters : 4047316ha 84.75% (capture fishery) 2. Inland closed-water : 528390ha 15.25% (culture fishery) TOTAL INLAND AREA : 4575706 HA 100.00% 3. Marine water :166,000 sq km
  11. 11. FISHERIES POTENINTIAL 1. Fisheries have huge potential 2. Have one of the highest man-water ratio in the world (at 20 persons per ha of water area) 3.Available sunlight & temperature through out the year. 4.Water fertility is conducive to fish growth
  12. 12. 14 FISH AND FISHERIES 1. Are integral part of the life of BD. 2. A natural complement in the diet of BD 3. Supplies 58% of animal protein 4. 13 Mn people are involved for livelihood 5. 73% of rural household involved in freshwater aquaculture and floodplains 6. Fisheries contribute: v 4.64% to the GDP v 23.00% to agricultural GDP, v 5.10% to foreign exchange earning
  13. 13. 15 INLAND OPEN-WATERS (CAPTURE FISHERY) ENVIRONMENT WATER AREA (HA) PERCENT i. Rivers and Estuaries 853,863 21.10% ii. Sundarban (water resources in forest) 177,700 4.38% iii. Beel (deepest part of the floodplain) 114,161 2.82% iv. Kaptai lake 68,800 1.70% v. Floodplain 2,832,792 70.00% TOTAL INLAND OPEN- WATERS 4,047,316 100%
  14. 14. 16 INLAND CLOSED-WATER (CULTURE FISHERY) ENVIRONMENT WATER AREA (HA) PERCENT i. Ponds and ditches 30 5,205 57.76% II Baor (ox-bow lake for hydro electricity generation) 5,488 1.04% iii. Shrimp Farms (freshwater & Brackish water) 217,877 41.23% TOTAL INLAND CLOSED-WATERS 528,390 100%
  15. 15. 17 MARINE WATERS ENVIRONMENT WATER AREA i. Coastal Area 2.30 million ha ii. Coast line (along the Bay of Bengal) 710 km iii. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 200-mile TOTAL MARINE WATER (INCLUDING EEZ) 1 66,000 SQ KM
  16. 16. 2. BANGLADESH MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT FUND (BMDF)
  17. 17. v A Govt. Owned Company. v Established in 1999 and registered in 2002 under the Companies Act, 1994. v Function: Under the M/o Finance v Purpose: Planned urban development v Governed: By a Board of Directors v Chairperson: Secretary of LGD v Beneficiaries: The Urban Local Bodies v Funding agency: GoB and devpt partners ABOUT BMDF
  18. 18. 1.Enhancement of income of ULBs & urbanities. 2.Strengthening institutional & functional capacity of ULBs. 3.Raising the level of quality of works& services. 4 .Ensuring technical , managerial supports & services MISSIONMISSION
  19. 19. SECTORSSECTORS OF DEVELOPMENTOF DEVELOPMENT 1.Roads 2.Drain 3.Box culverts 4. Street lights 5. Public toilets 6.Kitchen market 7.Parks 8.Community center 9.Office complex 10.Slaughter house 11. Water supply
  20. 20. EFFORTS OF BMDF-COMMUNITY CENTRE
  21. 21. EFFORTS OF BMDF: URBAN ROADS
  22. 22. EFFORTS OF BMDF: WATER TREATMENT PLANT AT LAMAEFFORTS OF BMDF: WATER TREATMENT PLANT AT LAMA
  23. 23. EFFORTS OF BMDF: BOX CULVERT
  24. 24. EFFORTS OF BMDF: SURFACE DRAINS
  25. 25. 3. IDEA ABOUT DHAKA CITY Capital city of Bangladesh Area : 1353 Sq km Pop :10 Mn 87 % groundwater 13 % rain water Needed 150 liter (1/p/d) 31.43 % people don’t have access to piped water . Hub: industrial, commercial ,cultural ,educational and political activities . Rain: Heavy rain fall 2540 mm annually bright sunshine ,warm Temp: Summer : 36.7c -21.1C Winter :31.7c – 10.oc
  26. 26. LANGUAGE MARTYRED MEMORY TOMB
  27. 27. SHAESTHA KHAN
  28. 28. AHSAN MANJIL
  29. 29. TOMB OF AK FAZLUL HAQUE, KHAZA NAZIMUDDIN , SHOORAWARTHY
  30. 30. DHAKA STANDS ON THE BANK OF THE RIVER BURUIGANGA
  31. 31. DHAKA SKYLINE
  32. 32. Dhanmondi Mohakhali Purana Paltan New Eskaton Paribagh
  33. 33. Flood -2004
  34. 34. WHO WORKS – WATER 1. Bangladesh Water Development Board 2. Local Government Engineering Department 3.Ministry of Fisheries 4.Ministry of livestock 5.Ministry of Roads & Highway 6. International Waster Resources treaties
  35. 35. “WATER IS ECONOMIC RESOURCE AND PRICE TO CONVEY ITS SOCIETY VALUE” • BD is a nation where agricultural production is the mainstay of the peoples livelihood - extrinsically linked to the nations water cycle . WE HAVE WATER ABOVE& BELOW THE GROUND 1. To drink 2. For irrigation 3. Fish water 4. For transport
  36. 36. MANAGEMENT OF WATER WISELY MANAGED: 1. Adequate harvest 2. Health prosperity 3. Peace and 4.A stable environment BADLY MANAGED 1. 1.Poverty 2. Disease 3. Disaster 4. Degraded environment 5. Social conflict dispute 6. Even war
  37. 37. 4.WATERWORKS POLICY : vVarious policies v Constraints v Recommendations (Pani means Water in Bangla.) Pani committe – Water Committee.
  38. 38. POLICIES : 1.WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT -1947-1988 2.WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT – FLOOD ACTION PLAN (FAP)1986-1991 3. BANGLADESH WATER AND FLOOD MANAGEMENT STRATEGY(BWFMS)- 1995 4.NATIONAL MINOR IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (NMIDP ) 1992. 5.INTERNATIONAL WATER RESOURCES TREATIES :FARAKKA BARAGE 6. NATIONAL POLICY FOR SAFE WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION :1998 7.NATIONAL FISHERIES POLICY : 1998 8.STATE ACQUISITION AND TENANCY ACT -199. 9.NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY -1999 10.ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION ACT-1995 11.NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY-1992
  39. 39. q Till 1947 no national scale govt-led Water Sector Development in BD. q After Floods in 1954 and 1955 UN investigated water resources development . q1959East Pakistan Water Development Authority created. q1964a 20-year Water Master Plan … massive flood control , drainage ,construction of embankment & polders. IMPACT- increased agricultural production. STARTED :Flood control ,Drainage , Irrigation . 1. WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT -1947-1988
  40. 40. 1971- independence –BWDB. IBRD -study – Land & Water Sector Study RECOMMEND : 1. Minor irrigation in winter using low lift pump & tube wells 2. Flood control small scale low cost quick gestation in shallow flooded areas. • 1974 BD hit by a severe flood- renewed urgency in flood control and drainage. • -Govt of the Netherlands early implement project. • WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT -1947-1988:
  41. 41. 1983 – NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL was established as an inter Ministerial Body . 1986-NATIONAL WATER PLAN phase-1 was completed. =Availability of water from various sources and projected future demand was completed . 1991-NATIONAL WATER PLAN phase -2 was completed =A huge number of planning model was completed . COUNTRY WAS DIVIDED INTO FIVE 1. North East 2. North West 3. South East 4. South West 5. South Central
  42. 42. 2.WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT – FLOOD ACTION PLAN (FAP)1986-1991 • Two severe floods – 1987 and 1988 – worst in living memory . • At the peak covered 65 percent of the country . • CAUSED –Severe infrastructural damage – Loss of crops – Deaths nearly 1700 people • In July 1989 WB and GoB recommended – a integrated approach for flood mitigation for the next 20-30 years . • Due to Military dictatorship this document was never debated in parliament nor accepted / implemented .
  43. 43. 3. BANGLADESH WATER AND FLOOD MANAGEMENT STRATEGY(BWFMS)- 1995 1. Was approved by the GOB and endorsed for donor agencies. 2. It replaced about 80 failure projects which was started in 1992. 4.NATIONAL MINOR IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (NMIDP ) 1992. • Was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture with the principle objective of minor irrigation from a supply driven public sector to a demand driven private sector. •
  44. 44. FARAKKA BARAGE • 1974- Farakka Barrage on the Ganges in India at about 20 km upstream from the Bangladesh border was completed. • By directing Ganges water in to the Hooghly river for the stated purpose of improving navigability around Kolkata. • BD took the issue to the UN General Assembly. • 1977- first agreement on Ganges water sharing –for five years . • 1982 – a further MOU was signed, 1988- Elapsed. • During this time India unilaterally diverted water through the Farakka Barage.. 5.INTERNATIONAL WATER RESOURCES TREATIES :
  45. 45. FARAKKA BARAGE
  46. 46. • 1960- Negotiations started about sharing of Ganges water and sinning of INDUS WATER TREATY. • 1951 – India decided to Construct barrage across the Ganges. 1974- CONSTRUCTION OF FARRAKKA BARRAGE COMPLETED: • 7363 feet long barrage • Maximum discharge 27,00,000 cusecs • Head regulator for diversion capacity -40,000 cusecs
  47. 47. • 1975- India was allowed to divert flows varying from 11000 cusecs to 16000 cusecs for a period of 41 days from April 21 to May 31 . • With this understanding India would not operate feeder canal until final agreement. • Violating this understanding India Started diverting the Ganges water in the upstream region in 1976 and 1977.
  48. 48. • “Coupled with diversion of Farakka to the feeder canal means India has been withdrawing between 60,000 to 80,000 cusecs water from Ganges leaving a relatively low flow for Bangladesh in recent Years” ( India Today , 1997 ) . • India has built 5 4 dams on various rivers and all of them diverts water in the dry season as the country of upstream .
  49. 49. DHAKA
  50. 50. D H A K A
  51. 51. CONSEQUENCES :BANGLADESH : 1. Salinity has moved 280 KM upstream from the coast of Bay of Bengal. 2. Salinity levels in the surface water has increased from 500 umhs to 29000 umhs at Khulna at April, exceeding the safe limit by several times. 3. Ground water salinity has increased from 200 umhs to about 3000 umhs in the region during Farakka period. 4. Sunderban one of the worlds largest mangrove forest , is suffering due to increased salinity. 5. 30 million people affected
  52. 52. POLICIES : 6. NATIONAL POLICY FOR SAFE WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION :1998 Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development & Cooperatives. Provisions 1. All people has access to safe drinking water. 2. Sanitation services at an affordable cost . 3. Provision of domestic water supplies 4. Sanitation during water shortage
  53. 53. POLICIES 7.NATIONAL FISHERIES POLICY : 1998 • Conserving fish breeding grounds & habitats , • Especially in relation to water management infrastructure: v Flood control, v Irrigation v Drainage projects . • Specific area has been demarked as shrimp culture . • Other fish /cultivation/vegetation / Environment
  54. 54. 8.STATE ACQUISITION AND TENANCY ACT - 1950 • Most of the water body of the country owned by the Govt . • Under the overall control and ownership of Ministry of Land , from fisheries point of view : • DEFINED AS • open – rivers and streams • Close- Beels • etc • Allocation of Fisheries rights through periodic leasing . • Leasing –is auction
  55. 55. 9.NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY -1999 MAIN OBJECTIVE –FOOD SELF SUFFICIENCY 1. Water scarcity 2. Ecological balance 3. Protection of environment 4. Agrochemical use & discharge 5. Conserve biodiversity 6. Ensure public health
  56. 56. 10.ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION ACT- 1995 1.Conservation 2.Improvement of Quality standard 3.Control & mitigation of pollution 4.Untreated industrial waste 5. Heavy metal 6.Diminish Fish habitats 7.Wetland ecosystem • Encourage rehabilitation measures • Water: Drink, Irrigation ,Fish, Transport • Wise management: Adequate harvest
  57. 57. 11.NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY-1992 1. Deal with water pollution and fisheries . 2. Discharge limit prescribed by policy 3. Either through accident or other unforeseen events 4. The person responsible and punishment. • But untreated industrial waste –including heavy metals are common.
  58. 58. EFFECT OF FARAKKA BARAGE
  59. 59. EFFECT OF FARAKKA BARAGE
  60. 60. WATER RESOURCE AND LIVELIHOODS
  61. 61. ARSENIC CONTAMINATION
  62. 62. Floating Garden During Flood Locally Known as Baira Cultivation
  63. 63. Collection of Arsenic Free Water
  64. 64. Community People Using the Water of Re-excavated Pond
  65. 65. 5. VISIT BANGLADESH
  66. 66. 1.LONGEST SEA BEACH IN THE WORLD – COX’S BAZAR
  67. 67. OLIVE RIDLEY TURTLES RETURNING TO BAY OF BEGAL AFTER LAYING EGGS
  68. 68. HILSHA –MOST DELICIOUS FISH OF THE WORLD
  69. 69. HILSHA –MOST DELICIOUS FISH OF THE WORLD
  70. 70. 2.SYLHET TEA GARDEN
  71. 71. 3.DEADLY FOUNTAINS
  72. 72. 4.SUNRISE SUN SET – SAME VENUE KUAKATA
  73. 73. 5.BIGGEST MANGROVE FOREST
  74. 74. The Location of the Sunderbans on the Ganges, Meghna and Bramaputra River Catchment
  75. 75. Map Showing the Sundarbans in Bangladesh and India
  76. 76. MANGROVE FOREST
  77. 77. GREEN SNACK
  78. 78. DEER
  79. 79. MAMA- MATERNAL UNCLE
  80. 80. ROYAL BENGAL TIGER
  81. 81. ROYAL BENGAL TIGER IS CROSSING A TIDAL CREEK IN THE SUNDARBANS
  82. 82. DEERS ON THE BANK OF THE RIVER CHANNEL IN THE SUNDARBANS
  83. 83. BEE HIVE WITHIN THE SUNDARBANS – HONEY… NOT SWEETER THAN MONEY
  84. 84. FOUNTAIN
  85. 85. THE SCENIC BEAUTY OF THE SUNDARBANS BEAUTIFUL
  86. 86. Sundarban the Magical Mangrove
  87. 87. River Channel within the Forest
  88. 88. Crab Farming in Saline Water
  89. 89. 6.INGENIOUS PEOPLES CULTURE
  90. 90. 7.LARGEST COLLECTION OF MOSQUE- DHAKA
  91. 91. BAITUL MOKRRAM
  92. 92. 8.HILLS TO TOUCH THE SKY
  93. 93. Water Collection in Hilly Region
  94. 94. LALMAI
  95. 95. RANGAMATI
  96. 96. NORTHERN HILL
  97. 97. SYLHET HILLS
  98. 98. MAINMATI
  99. 99. KHAGRACHARI
  100. 100. 9.BIGGEST CORAL ISLAND – ST. MARTIN
  101. 101. SALT PRODUCTION
  102. 102. World cup Twenty20 SAKIB –AL- HASSAN
  103. 103. 6. WE SHALL OVERCOME 1. Adequate legal instruments 2. Implementation of Govt. Policy, Regulations etc. 3. Water treatment plants with surface water sources 4. Strengthening institutional and functional capacity 5. Generation of own resources 6. People awareness for best use of services & facilities 7. Sustainable development using donor supports 8. Vesting more participating decision
  104. 104. • Water water everywhere water • But not a single drop to drink. Because ……. CONCLUSION
  105. 105. 148 ??shahadat52862000@yahoo.com
  106. 106. 149THANK YOU

×