GROUP MEMBERS ARE ………………………… ……………………………. Kazi Taslima Sultana – Types of Child Care System…………………………………… …………………………………….
OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIAAustralia is located in southeast of Asia, betweenthe Pacific and Indian oceans, the worlds smallestcontinent, is almost completely surrounded byocean expanses Capital of Australia is Canberra Area – 7.7 million sq km Population – 22 million Australia is Democratic republic Primary language English Currency – Australian Dollar
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaLong Day Care Regulated Child Care• Care for children from birth to school age • Regulated child care refers to child care• They are open eight hours a day services that are regulated by provincial and• Run by Private operators, local councils, territorial licensing or monitoring standards community organizations and non-profit such as Child Care Centre organizations • Regulatory body provide licenseFamily Day Care Private Child Care Centres are independently• Home based care for children aged up-to managed by the owner/operator of the 12 years service.• Care provided by registered caregivers at Most of them are controlled by regulatory caregiver’s home. board.• Monitored by Local FDC coordination unitsPre-school Nursery Schools• Planned educational program for • They offer preschool children 2 to 5 years children between 3 and 5 years. of• Operation hours 9:00am and 3:00pm age with an introductory learning• Most of them run by government and experience, some are run by private sector either in the morning or afternoon.
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaBefore / After School Care Public Child Care• Provide supervised care and recreation Public child care run municipal and regional for primary school children. governments in Ontario such as after school• Hours of operation is 7.00 – 9.00 am and 3.00 – 6.00 pm After School and Recreation Care• Run by community, private organizations • It is unlicensed programs for children aged 6 and Government to 12 years offered by Toronto Parks, Forestry and Recreation.Occasional Care Service Licensed Home Child Care• Provide short periods of care for children • They offer early learning birth to under school age. and care, in approved homes, for children• Hours and days of operation varies. from 0 to 12 years.• Run by Community and non-profit organizations, and local councils.Nanny Unregulated child care in Canada include• Employed by the family on either a live-in or • Informal parental care, a live-out basis for care of children. • Care by relatives, and• This service may be or not registered. • Care within or outside the family home by caregivers such as babysitters and nannies.
HTTP://IFP.MYCHILD.GOV.AU/CHILDCARESERVICE/SEARCH.ASPXHTTP://WWW.CAREFORKIDS.COM.AU/ARTICLESV2/ARTICLE.ASPXCLASS HANDOUT ( POWER POINT PRINT )HTTP://WWW.PARL.GC.CA/CONTENT/LOP/RESEARCHPUBLICATIONS/PRB0418-HTTP://CHILDCAREONTARIO.ORGHTTP://PRIVATILIZATION.CRRU.CAHTTP://AUSTATS.ABS.GOV.AU
AVAILABILITY Canada There is greater child care availability than in pastThe availability of Early childhood • there are 5,758 long day careprograms in Canada varies. services across the country• all children’s are entitled to • more than 870,000 children access in to kindergarten in the were using approved child care school system • in March quarter 2010, 90 % of• Only 20 percent of young reporting long day care children have access to services in major cities had regulated child care program. vacancies• there are only enough regulated • increasing 98 % of long day child care spaces for 10.7 % of care services in remote areas children in Ontario Australia
AVAILIBILITYCanada Australia• There are about 4,600 • Around 250,000 children licensed childcare centres attended both formal care and informal care• there are 140 licensed private home care agencies in • About 2 million children had Ontario no usual child care arrangements• subsidies are available for working and low income • Demand for child care is set family to increase in the future is projected to grow by around 500,000 children by 2020. • Subsidies are available for Long day care and family day care services