CONTENT1. Group Members Name2. Overview of Australia3. Underlying Philosophy4. History/evolution of system5. Comparison of Types of Child Care System6. Availability7. Accessibility8. Role of ECE/training9. Bibliography
GROUP MEMBERS Kazi Taslima SultanaNazmun Naher Begum Amna Mohammed Nur Shova PuriWaheda BegumAfshana Banu
OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIAAustralia is located in southeast of Asia, betweenthe Pacific and Indian oceans, the worlds smallestcontinent, is almost completely surrounded byocean expanses Capital of Australia is Canberra Area – 7.7 million sq km Population – 22 million Australia is Democratic republic Primary language English Currency – Australian Dollar
UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY Australia Canada- Respect children and - Montessoridiversity -The thematic approach- Support parents involvement -The behaviorist Approach-Expectation for children - High scope-Reflective practice -Bank street module- Children right is important -Reggio Emilia-Equity and inclusion -Emergent (the practise- Respect Australia aboriginal curriculum in Canada)and Torres strait islanderscultures- Health and safety of children- (EYLF), (NQF), (NQS)
HISTORY/EVOLUATION OF SYSTEM Australia Canada1938: Australian Pre-school 1920-1930: The institute of child study isAssociation began. founded . .1966: To increase the Day Care facility 1939-1945: 28 Pre school & 42 schoolworking Committee formed. aged centre started.1970: 560 Private child care centre 1946: The Day Nurseries Actopened. established.1979: The establishment of child care 1966: Canada Assistance Actcenters recommended. introduced.
HISTORY/EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM Australia Canada1993: Introduced child care quality 1981: Ontario coalition for Betterassurance. Child care established.2008: National Partnership 2003: Universal Child Care formed.Agreement on BCE endorsed byGovernment. 2006: UCC replaced by Universal Child Care Benefit.2010: The National Quality Standardestablished.
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaLong Day Care Regulated Child Care•Care for children from birth to school age • Regulated child care refers to child care•They are open eight hours a day services that are regulated by provincial and•Run by Private operators, local councils, territorial licensing or monitoring standardscommunity organizations and non-profit such as Child Care Centreorganizations • Regulatory body provide licenseFamily Day Care Private Child Care Centres are independently•Home based care for children aged up-to 12 managed by the owner/operator of theyears service.•Care provided by registered caregivers at Most of them are controlled by regulatory caregiver’s home. board.•Monitored by Local FDC coordination unitsPre-school Nursery Schools•Planned educational program for children • They offer preschool children 2 to 5 yearsbetween 3 and 5 years. of•Operation hours 9:00am and 3:00pm age with an introductory learning•Most of them run by government and experience, some are run by private sector either in the morning or afternoon.
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaBefore / After School Care Public Child Care•Provide supervised care and recreation Public child care run municipal and regional for primary school children. governments in Ontario such as after school•Hours of operation is 7.00 – 9.00 am and 3.00 – 6.00 pm After School and Recreation Care• Run by community, private organizations • It is unlicensed programs for children aged 6 and Government to 12 years offered by Toronto Parks, Forestry and Recreation.Occasional Care Service Licensed Home Child Care•Provide short periods of care for children birth • They offer early learningto under school age. and care, in approved homes, for children•Hours and days of operation varies. from 0 to 12 years.•Run by Community and non-profitorganizations, and local councils.Nanny Unregulated child care in Canada include•Employed by the family on either a live-in or a • Informal parental care,live-out basis for care of children. • Care by relatives, and•This service may be or not registered. • Care within or outside the family home by caregivers such as babysitters and nannies.
AVAILABILITY Canada Australia•There are about 4,600 licensed •Around 250,000 childrenchildcare centres attended both formal care and• there are 140 licensed private informal carehome care agencies in Ontario •About 2 million children had no• subsidies are available for usual child care arrangementsworking and low income family •Demand for child care is set to increase in the future is projected to grow by around 500,000 children by 2020. •Subsidies are available for Long day care and family day care services
ACCESSIBILITY Australia Ontario► 871,107 children in approved ► In Toronto 20000 children receive childcarechild care in 2009 ► Budget cut for childcare in 2012►Early childhood education and carefunding doubled in recent years ► Financial supports► Financial supports ●Canada Child Tax Benefit●Child care benefit ● OCCS ( Ontario Child Care Supplement)● Child care Rebate ●OCB ( Ontario Child Benefit)☺New benefits to come● Occasional care service●JET Child care fee assistant● Childcare service support
ROLE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS Australia OntarioEarly Years Learning Framework: Assesses children’s developmental● Provides a direction to work for ECE ● needs & stages in all developmentalabout intent, pedagogy & outcomes for domainschildren’s learning. ●Design curriculum to address children’s● Responsible for implement EYLF identified needs & interests●Assessment, document, reporting on ●Plans programs and environments forchildren’s outcomes. play and activities to help children’s●Provide an active learning environment developmental progressfor children. ●Maintain healthy, emotional and social●Provide a variety of experiences & learning contexts for childrenactivities to develop motor skills, ●Reports to parents and supervisors oncooperative social skills, confidence and children’s developmental progressunderstanding.●Promote language development.●Observe nutritional health, welfareand safety needs of children●Discuss Childrens progress withparents