The structures giving biological analogy in their form, materialapplication, functionality etc are coined as BIO STRUCTURES The premise behind bio-architecture is that all life responds well todesign that is in accordance with nature and avoids harmful materialsand sharp corners, which literally bleed (haemorrhage) capacitivecharge.Bio structures Create living space by observing some simple rules:1. Use natural geometries, shapes, forms, ratios and growth patterns to design our spaces in order to create life and truly sustainable systems. This is Full Spectrum Architecture – not just green architecture‘2. Use virtually ALL biologic materials - to create fractal charge field effects (avoid particularly aluminium and steel - also plastics wherever at all possible)3. Plan structures by observing for negative ion potential, and environmental magnetic maps- to find the place of healing (non-destructive charge compression).4. Make detailed plans to eliminate most all electro smog - the adverse affects of electrical contamination. (Seriously poisonous to most biology)5. Include paramagnetic stone arrays (dolmen, stone circle, and labyrinth) kinds of structure external and or internal - to create rose petal like attraction for living charge.6. Work with elemental forces under, on and above the land - (living charge domains) - to include the symphony of life in your structural plan
STRUCTURES WHOSE OUTER FORM IS INSPIRED FROM BIO – LIVING STRUCTURES ISKNOWN AS BIOMIMICRY. THE TERM BIOMIMICRY COMES FROM THE GREEK WORDBIOS, MEANING LIFE, AND MIMESIS MEANING TO IMITATE. THE EMERGING FIELD OF BIOMIMICRY HAS GIVEN RISE TO NEW TECHNOLOGIESCREATED FROM BIOLOGICALLY INSPIRED ENGINEERING IN BOTH THE MACRO SCALE ANDNANOSCALE LEVELS.THE TERM BIOMIMICRY WAS POPULARIZED BY SCIENTIST AND AUTHOR JANNIE BANYUSIN HER 1997 BOOK BIOMIMICRY: INNOVATION INSPIRED BY NATURE. FRANK O GEHRY - FISH MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS shaped building
FLOWER shaped building Surrounded by a picturesque lake and forested hills, Korea is set to create a sustainable township which will be a self sufficient city of 77,000 inhabitants, to be located about 35 km south of Seoul, South Korea. Called Gwanggyo, all elements of the new town will be designed as rings so that each part of the program hasThe landscape that is created makes the building a terrace for outdoor life.resemble a series ofOVERGROWN GREEN ‘HILLS.
This is a six-story elephant-shaped structure weighing 90 tonnes. Lucy was constructed in1882 by James V. Lafferty in Margate City, New Jersey in an effort to sell real estate andattract tourism. Lucy had served as a restaurant, business office, cottage, and tavern overthe years.In the 1960s, Lucy was in bad condition and was scheduled for destruction. It has beenmoved and refurbished as a result of a "Save Lucy" campaign in 1970 and was designatedas a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE IS A PHILOSOPHY OF ARCHITECTURE WHICH PROMOTES HARMONYBETWEEN HUMAN HABITATION AND THE NATURAL/BIO WORLD THROUGH DESIGNAPPROACHES SO SYMPATHETIC AND WELL INTEGRATED WITH ITS SITE THAT BUILDINGS,FURNISHINGS, AND SURROUNDINGS BECOME PART OF A UNIFIED, INTERRELATEDCOMPOSITION. THE IDEA OF ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE REFERS NOT ONLY TO THE BUILDINGS LITERALRELATIONSHIP TO THE NATURAL SURROUNDINGS, BUT HOW THE BUILDINGS DESIGN ISCAREFULLY THOUGHT ABOUT AS IF IT WERE A UNIFIED ORGANISM. ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN READS:"LET THE DESIGN:• BE INSPIRED BY NATURE AND BE SUSTAINABLE, HEALTHY, CONSERVING, AND DIVERSE.• UNFOLD, LIKE AN ORGANISM, FROM THE SEED WITHIN.• EXIST IN THE "CONTINUOUS PRESENT" AND "BEGIN AGAIN AND AGAIN".• FOLLOW THE FLOWS AND BE FLEXIBLE AND ADAPTABLE.• SATISFY SOCIAL, PHYSICAL, AND SPIRITUAL NEEDS.• GROW OUT OF THE SITE AND BE UNIQUE.• CELEBRATE THE SPIRIT OF YOUTH, PLAY AND SURPRISE.• EXPRESS THE RHYTHM OF MUSIC AND THE POWER OF DANCE."
THE EASTGATE CENTRE AND A TERMITE MOUNDThis building is the Eastgate Center, a highrisein Zimbabwe. It employs a passive coolingsystem that was inspired by the local termite mounds. I was reading about termitemounds in Animal Architecture by Karl von Frisch. The termites cool their mounds by wayof ducts and chambers. The walls are porous and allow carbon dioxide to escape andoxygen to come in. The air is cooled during its passage through ridges towards the cellarby way of wide ducts. From there it returns to the nest replacing the rising warm air.
For example, where glass meets stone walls there is no metal frame; rather, the glass and its horizontal dividers were run into a caulked recess in the stonework so that the stone walls appear uninterrupted by glazing. From the cantilevered living room, a stairway leads directly down to the stream below, & in a connecting space which connects the main house with the guest and servant level, a natural spring drips water inside, which is then channeled back out. FALLING WATER Bedrooms are small, some with low ceilings to encourage people outward toward the open socialFalling water stands as one of Wrights areas, decks, and outdoors.greatest masterpieces both for its Bear Run and the sound of its waterdynamism and for its integration with permeate the house, especially during the springthe striking natural surroundings. whenStrongly reflects in the design of Falling the snow is melting, and locally quarried stone walls &water ,the importance of cantilevered terraces resembling the nearby rockinterpenetrating exterior and interior formations are meant to be in harmony. The designspaces and the strong emphasis placed incorporates broad expanses of windows andon harmony between man and nature. balconies which reach out into their surroundings.
Interesting organic architecture raisingup to 600 meters. VINCENT CALLEBAUT’sDRAGONFLY is a concept of an urbanfarm concept for New York City’sRoosevelt Island. BAMBOO ARCHITECTURE
NAUTILUS BY JAVIER SENOSIAIN This amazing house was designed by Javier Senosiain., wishes that suburbs had these homes - instead of building boxes, & could mould the earth into Natural, organic individuality.
These so-called Botany Buildings bystudents from the University of Stuttgartuse trees that meet a series of criticalcriteria, from fast growth rates toflexibility, adaptability and durability.The core structures are augmentedwith artificial elements and can be usedto support everything from rooms andplatforms to towers and walkways.
Unlike conventional construction,there are many unique challengesthat come with custom treebuilding techniques. Connectionsmust be checked and added byhand as growth progresses,variations in strength have to beaccounted for and stability isparamount – these are just somethe flip-sides of using living andgrowing materials. While there are limitationsto this kind of construction, treebuildings have a great deal ofpotential for do-it-yourself typeswho enjoy having a hand in thecreation of their own alternative-style abode.
THE WORD BIONIC WAS COINED BY JACK E. STEELE IN 1958, POSSIBLY ORIGINATING FROM THETECHNICAL TERM BION MEANING UNIT OF LIFE AND THE SUFFIX -IC, MEANING LIKE OR INTHE MANNER OF, HENCE LIKE LIFE. SOME DICTIONARIES, HOWEVER, EXPLAIN THE WORD ASBEING FORMED AS A PORTMANTEAU FROM BIOLOGY + ELECTRONICS. IT WAS POPULARIZED BYTHE 1970’s TELEVISION SERIES THE SIX MILLION DOLLAR MAN AND THE BIONIC WOMAN,WHICH WERE INFLUENCED BY STEELES WORK, AND FEATURE HUMANS GIVEN SUPERHUMANPOWERS BY ELECTROMECHANICAL IMPLANTS. THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY BETWEEN LIFEFORMS AND MANUFACTURES IS,ACCORDING TO PROPONENTS OF BIONIC TECHNOLOGY, DESIRABLE BECAUSE EVOLUTIONARYPRESSURE TYPICALLY FORCES LIVING ORGANISMS, INCLUDING FAUNA AND FLORA, TO BECOMEHIGHLY OPTIMIZED AND EFFICIENT. Based on bionics, it uses a gecko’s innovative foot design as a template to climb walls without any artificial adhesion. Though it may not look like it, a gecko’s foot is hairy, fine enough to only be seen on the micro level. This molecular adhesion, combined with C-Bot’s array of ultrasonic sensors means costly (and ugly) scaffolding may be obsolete. So … it’s essentially a bionic climbing robot which creates a diagnosis of the building fabric designed by Niklas Galler.
The sensor emits ultra-sonic rays and gets therequired information through specific ray reflection.Inner damages of buildings, like rust inside ofreinforced concrete, or mildew infected walls,can be detected. Three symmetry axis enables therobots to move in different directions, withoutgearing. The complex leg architecture, qualifies theC-Bot to navigate and kind of edge or sphericalsurface – also vertical walls constitue no problem.C-Bot can be steered via GPS or a 3D-map with allrequired information can be uploaded on its hard disk.
Eco-Pod is a proposal to immediately stimulate the economy, and the ecology, of downtown Boston. Eco-Pod is a temporary vertical algae bio-reactor and new public Commons, built with custom prefabricated modules. The pods will serve as bio-fuel sources and as micro-incubators for flexible research and development programs. As anAn on-site robotic armature (powered by the algae bio-fuel) open and reconfigurableis designed to reconfigure the modules to maximize algae structure, the voids betweengrowth conditions and to accommodate evolving spatial and pods form a network of verticalprogrammatic conditions in real-time. The reconfigurable public parks/botanical gardensmodular units allow the structure to transform to meet housing unique plant species-changing programmatic and economic needs, while the a new Uncommon for thecontinuous construction on the site will broadcast a subtle Commons.semaphore of constructional activity and economic recovery.This is anticipatory architecture, capable of generating a newmicro-urbanism that is local, agile, and carbon net positive.
GEOTUBE’S SELF BUILDING FACADE Faulders Studiofrom Berkeley California has created a facade system for a building proposal in Dubai that builds itself over time, a “living-building” of sorts. A seemingly transparent mesh is actively sprayed with water from the Persian Gulf (some of the saltiest ocean waters on earth) and over time crystal deposits will form the facade into a textured opaque surface.
Diagram Showing The Initial Mesh That Will Host The Slowly Growing Collection Of Salt Left Behind After The Water Evaporates In Dubai’s Extreme Heat.The below image shows the progression they predict over time.
APPLYING TECHNIQUES AND METHODS LEARNED FROM BOTANY AND APPROPRIATED FROMSCIENCE AND DEVELOPING A GENERATIVE ARCHITECTURE IS BIOMIMETICS ARCHITECTURE.,IT MAY A COMBINATION OF BIOMIMICRY AND BIONIC ARCHITECTURE. THE ARIZONA TOWER Modeled after a living plants roots, the digital roots seen in the illustrations anchor the building and then develop into a branching building frame, astatically but structurally allied to an engineered building frame. At the tip of the roots and the tip of the branches, the structure grows water storage tanks underground, then, at the skyline, leaves are hybridized into solar panels.
For building access andcirculation a series of seedpodsare morphed into a double,spiraling stairway; while a second setof flower pods are morphed intodomestic or office space.It is not a digital shell supported byexisting building techniques andold construction technologies.The Arizona Tower begins to alignits own digital production and formallogic with its inherited botanic formreinterpreted and grown withcomputational systems for digitalproduction with natural, non-toxic,biomimetic materials.
MATERIAL PROPERTIES ARE STRUCTURE-DEPENDENT, NEW AND INTERESTING PROPERTIES AREEXPECTED FROM UNUSUAL OR COMPLEX STRUCTURES. BIOMORPHIC MINERALIZATION IS ATECHNIQUE THAT PRODUCES MATERIALS WITH MORPHOLOGIES AND STRUCTURES RESEMBLINGTHOSE OF NATURE LIVING THINGS, THROUGH EMPLOYING BIO-STRUCTURES AS TEMPLATES FORMINERALIZATION. STO LOTUSAN Silicone resin paint with lotus-effect
PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS• Water dilutable, physiologically and ecologically safe (free from aromatic solvents)• Highly impermeable to water as soon as coating has cured• Highest water repellency achievable for coatings• Effectively reduced adhesion of dirt particles• Excellent weather-, chalk- and UV- resistance• Excellent breathability for water vapor and CO2• Increased natural protection against algae and fungal attack owing to removal of the elements fundamental to their existence, i.e. water and dirt deposits• Ideal protection against humidity and dirt, even for highly-stressed weather-exposed facades• Excellent adhesion to mineral and organic substrates• Easy application by brush, roller and airless spray• Mineral, extremely matt finish. How the lotus effect works: Sto Lotusan has a micro-structural surface which considerably reduces the contact Larchmont area for dirt particles and water. Lotus, Combined with Sto silicone quality, this a results in a super hydrophobic, water-repellent medical center surface. Dirt particles which adhere only in Los Angeles loosely, are easily carried away by raindrops.
COCOON_FS visualizes both – natural light weight constructionCOCOON_FS as well as highly efficient technical design solutions. With its weight of only 750 kg, the pavilion can easily be transported to any location. In the sense of stability the floating construction is able to withstand thunderstorms. The self supporting shell of COCOON_FS is made of FRP (fiber reinforced polymers) that forms the skin and the supporting structure in one. The FRP composite design is optimized by all design parameters including broad iterative research of parametric design, production needs. Compared to biological solutions in nature, COCOON_FS is to be seen as morphogenetic design.
FUNGI BUILDING BLOCKSThe fungal building block concept is not onlyenvironmentally sound — it requires only readilyavailable waste organic material and needs noextra energy — but it may also have the capacityto clean the environment. Bioremediation usesfungus to break down toxic organic material intoinert building blocks—imagine transformingsuperfund sites into factories that produceregenerative building products. Houses made from mushrooms used to be for smurfs — but the creative folks at Terreform one and Planetary one Intend to create real houses from the prodigious plant. They are developing a new breed of “Mycoform” building blocks made from mushrooms that can literally Grow themselves. The project uses a vegetative form of fungus known as mycelium, whose tendrils develop into a thick matt. In fact the growth of the fungus is so prodigious it can be considered the Largest living thing on the planet.
This tower takes an active stance and attacks the problem of dirty air by aiming to help purify the air of our cities. The tower pulls dirt, grease, and bacteria out of the air, producing only oxidation and water as a result. The reaction is triggered by the use of a nano-coating of titanium dioxide on the outer skin of the project. The reaction is naturally powered by sunlight acting on the titanium dioxide during the day and supplemented by ultra violet light at night. These UV lights are powered by energy collected through PV panels during the day. The tower will be a glowing indigo object at night varying in intensity according to the amount of solar energy collected during the day. The indigo glow will become symbolic of the cleansing, counteracting the yellow haze that dominates the daytime hours.The skin design is inspired by the pocketed and cellular texture ofthe titanium dioxide molecule (TiO2). A series of organic cells coverthe building and are tapered to naturally collect the water, abyproduct of the skins chemical reaction, and to collect and slowlyrelease rain water. The skin pulls off of the building on the southfacades to provide natural shading and pushes into the inner skinof the north façade to maximize daylight and provide fifty percentcoverage to reduce heat loss during the winter months. The skinalso floats off the building to conceal the UV lights which can beharmful to humans who are directly exposed to it, and furthermaximizes the building’s envelope.