Noma (bacterial infections of oral cavity)Presentation Transcript
(Bacterial infections of the oral cavity)
f. CLINICAL FEATURES
g.TREATMENT AND PROGNOSIS
a. SYNONYMS – Cancrum oris , Gangrenous
b. DEFINITION -
NOMA means to devour ( a
spreading sore ) is a rapidly
gangrenous stomatitis that
occurs usually in debilitated or
nutritionally deficient persons
AIDS related Noma prevalence is 4.3-16.0%
Other causative organisms
1-NOMA is mainly secondary complication rather than primary disease .
Example : Diptheria, dysentery, Measles, pneumonia, Scarlet fever , Syphilis,
Tuberculosis, Blood dyscrasis, Anaemia etc.
2-Unsafe drinking water.
3-proximity to unkempt livestock.
Odor that from the
gangrenous tissue is
Palate and tongue may become involved
but is not common.
Patient is with 1-increase temperature
2-suffer secondary infection.
3-may die from toxemia or pneumonia.
NOMA PUDENDI-this condition also cause
tissue damage to genitals.
TREATMENT AND PROGNOSIS
22 May 2008 - The FDI joined the International No NOMA Federation
and the World Health Organization in organising the first ever World
NOMA Day, which took place 22 May 2008 in Geneva
, Switzerland, to raise awareness of this neglected and little-known
This is the strategy WHO has put in place making
the disease almost an history especially in
previously endemic area.
1. SHAFER’S TEXTBOOK OF ORAL PATHOLOGY DrSHAFER,Dr
Maynard HINE AND Dr Barnet Levy.
2. NEVILLE,ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY.
4. MANIPAL MANUAL OF SURGERY BY RAJGOPAL SHENOY