Sholto In China
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Exchange and internship in China

Exchange and internship in China

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Sholto In China Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. “ GUANXI” ( 关系 ), AND MORE… SHOLTO’S ( 会 小明 ) CHINESE EXPERIENCE
  • 3. Outline
    • Introduction – My Experience
    • Culture
    • University
    • Internship
    • Conclusion –
    • What I learned
  • 4. NEW FRIENDS
  • 5. NEW EXPERIENCES
  • 6. NEW LANGUAGE
  • 7. NEW FOOD
  • 8. 1 INTERNSHIP AND 1 TEAM BUILDING CHINESE STYLE
  • 9. New Culture
    • Definition
      • Culture is a shared system of meanings
      • Norms, values, traditions…
      • It is learned
      • Can have many layers =
      • National, Regional, Generation…
  • 10. Cultural Observations
    • Chinese Complexity
      • Multiple philosophies, systems and religions over thousands of years – Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism…
      • The last 100 years
        • End of 2,000+ years of dynasties
        • Civil war during Japanese invasion
        • Birth of a new communist nation (50+ years old)
        • Great Leap frog
        • Cultural revolution
        • Black and white cats, whichever catches the mice
        • - Capitalistic Communism
        • Now “Harmonious Development”
  • 11. Cultural Observations
    • Guanxi 关系
      • Social Networking
        • Know your business partner’s/ school mate’s
        • personal life
      • Collectivism
        • Importance of relationships
      • Something for Something
        • I can help you!
      • Building favors/contacts
        • Talking to classmates
        • Giving gifts
  • 12. Cultural Observations
    • Face
      • 2 Faces in China
        • Public (including the family), and private
      • Confucius roots
        • expectations and moral order
      • Codes of behaviour are very different
        • Social appearance is very important – be careful
      • Power Distance High
        • Don’t criticize your boss.
        • Don’t ask difficult questions and risk losing face
      • “ Impolite foreigners”
        • Same job level meetings, men and women
  • 13. Cultural Observations
    • Monochronic Culture
      • Time is something that can be spent in China
      • On-time means 5/10 minutes early
    • Hard-Working/Non-Questioning -why?
      • You would never call an average Chinese person lazy, due in part to the education system – diligence
      • Arriving late, working hard, or leaving early shows a lack of respect, losing face
  • 14. Cultural Observations
    • Generation Differences
      • Older generation – revolutions, hardship (famine…)
        • high uncertainty avoidance with the older generations = savings
        • high collectivist culture = respecting centralized government
        • Higher power distance relationships
      • Younger Generation - economic growth, modernization…
        • Lower uncertainty avoidance = spending a lot more than parents
        • Less/different collectivism= smaller nuclear family groups, more individual choices, but still collectivist
        • Lower power distance = “little emperors”
        • Less masculinity than older generation
  • 15. Other observations
      • Growing disparity between cities and the countryside
      • Class differences expanding as millions of upper and middle-class become rich while poverty remains a reality for millions more and may even be worsening for some
      • Differences between traditional values and emerging “Western” values
      • Strong sense of nationalism
      • Many similarities to industrialization in the West over a hundred years ago and to the development of Japan and South Korea as economic heavyweights (low-cost imitation, innovation, leadership…)
  • 16. University
    • Zhong Shan Daxue 中山大学
    • Courses
      • Chinese Language - b asic necessities
      • Chinese Business - issues affecting China
      • Negotiations - accomodation for partnerships
      • Operations Management - streamlining, planning, and control
      • Strategic Management -Sustainable Competitive Advantage
  • 17. University
    • Zhong Shan Daxue 中山大学
    • Observations
      • Talking to classmates during courses
      • (guangxi)
      • Not talking to the teacher (textbooks…)
      • Listening – few gestures and indirect
      • Working hard, but sometimes not smart
      • Much less group conflict and arguing
  • 18. Internship
    • TEXT 100 PUBLIC RELATIONS
      • Public Relations and consultancy for technology firms such as IBM, Siemens, Nokia, Intel, Cisco, Phillips, Texas Instruments, and many more
      • Text 100 is truly global and has 30 offices worldwide covering EMEA, APAC and the Americas.
      • In essence they are internationalized by necessity, in that their clients are global
  • 19. Internship
    • SHANGHAI – my responsibilities
      • Generating corporate communications materials for Chinese companies during the Olympic Games
      • Training my Chinese colleagues on the differences between Western and Chinese media reporting styles and how to approach them
      • Compiling a database of foreign media
      • Marketing of Text 100
      • Intercultural adaption
  • 20. Internship
    • PARIS – my responsibilities
      • Office organisation
      • Copying Contact details
      • Translating and summarising French coverage into English for monthly reports
  • 21. Internship
    • Shanghai
      • Very Serious
      • Layout, relatively closed
      • Email and MSN, meeting rooms and gestures
      • Don’t contradict the boss
      • Socializing outside work rare, or organized
      • Staying at work until after 10:00pm or even midnight not uncommon
      • Arrive early, leave late
      • Returning promptly from lunch
      • Working hard for sometimes few results (lack of initial questioning)
  • 22. Internship
    • Paris
      • Seemingly less serious
      • Open layout
      • Communicating face-to-face, even if everybody else could here and the conversation was not serious
      • Contradict the boss in front of everyone, all issues
      • Much more informal socializing
      • Arriving late, or often not at all, and leaving early or on-time commonplace
      • Less urgency to get back to work
      • Working less hard
    • .
  • 23. Internship
    • Evaluation
      • National culture plays a huge role in the working environment
      • The company is run in a relatively polycentric manner…
      • Global offices are managed by and comprise of locals
      • It becomes evident that different expectations exist
    • .
  • 24. Conclusion - What I learned
    • Cultural Sensitivity,
    • Greater Awareness of my Strengths and Weaknesses
    • Patience, Preparation and Review
    • The importance of Networking and Relationships
  • 25. QUESTIONS
  • 26. 谢谢 XieXie THANK YOU
  • 27. Bibliography
    • Harford, T. 2006, The Undercover Economist, Abacus, Great Britain
    • Foreign reserves growing, inflation: Patalon, 2008, http://www.moneymorning.com/2008/04/14/with-its-jump-to-a-record-1.68-trillion-chinas-foreign-currency-reserves-spawn-major-inflationary-fears/
    • The Return to Capital in China/Comments and Discussion, Chong-En Bai; Chang-Tai Hsieh; Yingyi Qian; Olivier Blanchard; Richard N Cooper, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity; 2006; 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 61
    • China in the World Trading System, John Whalley, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 215
    • Financial Liberalization and Regulation in East Asia: Lessons from Financial ... Jiangyu Wang, Journal of World Trade; Feb 2007; 41, 1; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 211
    • The Chinese Conundrum: External Financial Strength, Domestic Financial Weakness, Brad Setser, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 364
    • FDI soars, Anonymous, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer; Jul 2006; 256; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 12
    • Exploring Subsidiary Strategic Roles in a Transitional Economy: Evidence from... Fan Liang; Stephen Nicholas, Journal of Global Business Issues; Summer 2007; 1, 2; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 101
    • Shpak-Lissak, R. 2007, The Chinese Superpower-Historical Background, http://www.omedia.org/Show_Article.asp?DynamicContentID=2180&MenuID=719&ThreadID=1014008
    • The Exchange Rate Exposure of Chinese and Taiwanese Multinational Corporations
  • 28. Bibliography
    • Luke Lin; David So-De Shyu; Chau-Jung Kuo, Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge; Sep 2007; 12, 1; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 173
    • MADE IN CHINA, Anonymous, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer; Oct 2006; 257; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 24
    • An Opportunistic Ally, David H Shinn, Harvard International Review; Summer 2007; 29, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 52
    • Farndon J, 2007, China Rises, Virgin Books, London, UK
    • China human development index by the UN: http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_CHN.html
    • The Chinese Conundrum: External Financial Strength, Domestic Financial Weakness, Brad Setser, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 364
    • Costs Rising, China to Export Inflation, David Barboza, International Herald Tribune, February 1, 2008, http://www.iht.com/ articles/2008/01/31/business/inflate.php
    • Lowell. J, 2006, The Great Wall – China against the world 1000bc to AD2000, Atlantic Books, London
    • Thubrou, C, 2001, Behind the wall, Vintage Books, London
    • Studwell, J. 2002, The China dream : The elusive quest for the greatest untapped market on earth, Profile Books, London