ORGAN SISTEM
MOVEMENT
CIRCULATORY
DIGESTIVE
RESPIRATORY
END SHOW
Mechanical digestive is digestive system
that occurs in the mouth. At mechanical
digestive we use teeth for make the food ...
Chemical digestive is the digestive system that
use the enzim for its proces.After the teeth make the
food destroy, chemic...
1. Mouth cavity
:
A. Tongue
B. Teeth
C. Salivary
gland
2. pharinx
3.
esophagus
4. vantricel
5. Small intestine
:
A. Duedon...
Mouth
cavity
Tongue Teeth
Salivary
gland
back
Tongue
Tongue is a muscle tisswue whose
fixed end is in the back of the mouth base.
Its function is to push the food from ...
Teeth
The number of teeth in the childhood and adult is
diffrrent. These are the the shape of the teeth :
A.Incisor (I) wh...
the stuctures of tooth :
A.Enamel is the outhermost part of a tooth and very hard in
structure.
B.Yellow wish tructure for...
Salivary gland
back
pharinx
back
connecting between the mouth cavacity and
ventricle. The food will move slowly caused by
peristaltic movement of the esoph...
human ventricle is under the diaphragma.
Diaphragma is a membrance which borders the cest and
stomach cavaties.
ventricle ...
1. Water : it functions to soften food so it is easier to
digest
2. Mucous : it functions to soften the food and protect
t...
Small
Intestine
Duodenu
m
Jejunum Ileum
back
Duodenum
1. Twelve-finger intestine (duodenum)
duodenum is the place where some of digestive
enzymes can be found. The enz...
Jejunum
2. The central section of small intestine (Jejunum)
the central section of small intestine (jejunum) also produces...
Ileum
3. The final section of small intestine (Ileum)
Ileum plays the key role in absorbing digestion result, such as
gluc...
 Large intestine is the final section of human
digestive tract. It is composed of two parts colom
and rectum. Large intes...
 Anus is the opening at the end of the digestive
system through which waste exits the body. It has
cilcular muscle called...
Disorder of Digestive system
Cause
Infection
Noninfection
back
 Dysentry
 Typhus
 Hepatitis
 Appendictis
back
 Gastritis
 Contipation
 Food Poisonouse
 Gastric cancer
 Hemmorhoid
back
JointBone
Muscle
Movement
Bone
Hard
bone
Cartilage
Muscle is a tissue
cells are arranged
longitudinal and has
the ability to cause
tension which is
parallel to longitudinal
...
Striated muscle which is found in skeleton muscle
so, it’ s called Skeleton Muscle. Striated muscle
consist of cells which...
Smooth muscle cells have only one nucleus.
Joints
Moving StiffFixed
Washer
ed
Ball and
socket
Saddle
Hinge
gliding
a joint between two or more bones which cannot
be moved at all. Example: joints in skull bones
Moving Joint
a joint between two or more bones which can be
freely moved
a joint between or more bones which can be
slightly moved.
Gliding joint
a joint which has four direction movements.
Example: the joints at our backbones
Joints that can move to all direction, such as
those between humerus and scapula.
Hinge Joint
a joint which moves only to one direction, such as
in elbow, knee and finger nodes.
a joint that can move to two direction, such as the
joint in the thumb.
a joint which can be moved circurlarly, such as
the one between atlas and axis bone.
Abnormalities in Movement
system
 Diskolasi: In correct location or position. It occurs
if the position or tip of a bone ...
 Lordosis: backbone bend forward
 Scoliosis: backbone bend rightward of leftward
 Kiphosis : backbone bend backward
Circulatory
Blood Organs
Erithrocit ThrombocyteLeucocyte
Blood vassel Heart
Circulatory System
There are two types of Circulatory system in our
body there are large Circulatory system and small
Circ...
Blood Vassel
Blood Vessel consists of artery and
veins
 Artery
Artery is blood vessel transporting
blood from heart throu...
Heart
Heart is necessary to pump the blood throughout
the body and located slightly on the left in Chest
Cavity
Blood
Blood is transportation device of important
substances in the body.
a.Blood Plasma
The composition of plasma is most...
Erythrocyte
a.Erythrocyte
Erythrocyte has biconcave-shaped structure and has no
nucleus.The amount of red blood cell is ab...
Leukocyte
b.Leukocyte
Leukocyte is produced in red
marrow,lymphoid tissues and lymphatic
gland.the number of Leukocyte nor...
Thrombocyte
Thrombocyte have irregular shape,smaller
than other blood cells,and no nucleus.The
normal number of Thrombocyt...
Disorder and Disease of circulatory
system
a.Anemia
anemia is a blood deficiency disease.
b.Leukemia
Leukemia is a blood c...
e.Hypertension
Hypertension is a condition in which a person has
high blood pressure.
f. Hypotension
Hypotension is an abn...
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap
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Biologi Kelas 8 Bab 2 lengkap

  1. 1. ORGAN SISTEM MOVEMENT CIRCULATORY DIGESTIVE RESPIRATORY END SHOW
  2. 2. Mechanical digestive is digestive system that occurs in the mouth. At mechanical digestive we use teeth for make the food destroy. Mechanical Digestive back
  3. 3. Chemical digestive is the digestive system that use the enzim for its proces.After the teeth make the food destroy, chemical substance in the saliva will soluble with the food. After that it will soluble in the stomach and the early parts small intestine, which involve gastric juice, pancreatic juice and bile. So the food get finer. Chemical digestive back
  4. 4. 1. Mouth cavity : A. Tongue B. Teeth C. Salivary gland 2. pharinx 3. esophagus 4. vantricel 5. Small intestine : A. Duedonum B. Jejunum C.Ileum 6. Large intestine A. Colon and B. Rectum 7. Anus back
  5. 5. Mouth cavity Tongue Teeth Salivary gland back
  6. 6. Tongue Tongue is a muscle tisswue whose fixed end is in the back of the mouth base. Its function is to push the food from mouth cavacity to esophagus. At the back of tongue there is collection of lymph tissue called tonsil (amandel). back
  7. 7. Teeth The number of teeth in the childhood and adult is diffrrent. These are the the shape of the teeth : A.Incisor (I) whose shape is similar to a chisel, function to cut the food. B.Canine (C) whose shape is pointed, function to tear tough and ruberry food , such as meat. C.Premolar (P) and Molar (M) which are bigger in the upper part with wavy surface, function to grind and crush the food. Next
  8. 8. the stuctures of tooth : A.Enamel is the outhermost part of a tooth and very hard in structure. B.Yellow wish tructure forming the tooth shape called dentine. C.Root is parts inside dentine. D.Pupl Chamber is the tooth part containing blood vessel and nerves which extend to the root. back
  9. 9. Salivary gland back
  10. 10. pharinx back
  11. 11. connecting between the mouth cavacity and ventricle. The food will move slowly caused by peristaltic movement of the esophagus. Esophagus back
  12. 12. human ventricle is under the diaphragma. Diaphragma is a membrance which borders the cest and stomach cavaties. ventricle counsist of cardiac, fundus and pylorus.cardiac is the early part of stomach which is the continuation between esophagus and stomach. Fundus is the enlarging middle part of stomach. While pylorus is the distal part of the stomach which connects the stomach to the early intestine.ventricle wall counsist of three muscle layers. The outermost layer is longitudinal muscle, the middlelayer is cilcular muscle, and the inner most one is diagonal muscle. Besides those layers, the innermost layer is covered by cell layers which secrete gastric juice. Ventricle next
  13. 13. 1. Water : it functions to soften food so it is easier to digest 2. Mucous : it functions to soften the food and protect the stomach wall from exscessive production of HCL. The protein liquid which protect the ventricle wall is called mucin. 3. HCL : it cuses the situation in the stomach is very acid, so the pH can achieve 2 or even less then 2. the situation can kills yhe pathogenic organism which enter with the food the amilase from the saliva also enters the stomach and stops digetion the amilum. 4. Pepsinogen : in acid condition, pepsinogen will Gastric Juice back
  14. 14. Small Intestine Duodenu m Jejunum Ileum back
  15. 15. Duodenum 1. Twelve-finger intestine (duodenum) duodenum is the place where some of digestive enzymes can be found. The enzymes are bile is responsible for emulsifying, amylase is necessary to continue digesting amylum into maltose. Trypsin is necessary to continue digesting protein into peptide. Lipase has function to digest fat into glycerol and fatty acid. back
  16. 16. Jejunum 2. The central section of small intestine (Jejunum) the central section of small intestine (jejunum) also produces some enzymes they are maltase and peptidase. Maltase digest maltose inti glucose while peptidase deigest peptide into amino acid. back
  17. 17. Ileum 3. The final section of small intestine (Ileum) Ileum plays the key role in absorbing digestion result, such as glucose, amino acid glycerol and fatty acid. Glucose and amino acid are absorbed by Ileum wall and carried out by blood, whereas glycerol and fatty acid are absorbed by lymph capillaries known as lymph tract (lacteal) back
  18. 18.  Large intestine is the final section of human digestive tract. It is composed of two parts colom and rectum. Large intestin functions as a place of reabsorption and deterio tion of undigested food. The joint between small intestine and large intestine is signed by the presence large sack-like segment known as cecum. On the cecum, there is the long small tube that called appendix.  In the large intestine there is the bacteria that can make the food deteriot. The name of bacteria is Escherichia coli. Large intestine (intestinal crasum) back
  19. 19.  Anus is the opening at the end of the digestive system through which waste exits the body. It has cilcular muscle called Anal sphincer. it function is to close and open the anus in order to regulate the exits the stool. ANUS back
  20. 20. Disorder of Digestive system Cause Infection Noninfection back
  21. 21.  Dysentry  Typhus  Hepatitis  Appendictis back
  22. 22.  Gastritis  Contipation  Food Poisonouse  Gastric cancer  Hemmorhoid back
  23. 23. JointBone Muscle Movement
  24. 24. Bone Hard bone Cartilage
  25. 25. Muscle is a tissue cells are arranged longitudinal and has the ability to cause tension which is parallel to longitudinal axis. Muscle striated heart smooth How do the muscle work ?
  26. 26. Striated muscle which is found in skeleton muscle so, it’ s called Skeleton Muscle. Striated muscle consist of cells which can shrivel or contract. Contraction of striated muscle cells is coordinate by nerve system command.
  27. 27. Smooth muscle cells have only one nucleus.
  28. 28. Joints Moving StiffFixed Washer ed Ball and socket Saddle Hinge gliding
  29. 29. a joint between two or more bones which cannot be moved at all. Example: joints in skull bones
  30. 30. Moving Joint a joint between two or more bones which can be freely moved
  31. 31. a joint between or more bones which can be slightly moved.
  32. 32. Gliding joint a joint which has four direction movements. Example: the joints at our backbones
  33. 33. Joints that can move to all direction, such as those between humerus and scapula.
  34. 34. Hinge Joint a joint which moves only to one direction, such as in elbow, knee and finger nodes.
  35. 35. a joint that can move to two direction, such as the joint in the thumb.
  36. 36. a joint which can be moved circurlarly, such as the one between atlas and axis bone.
  37. 37. Abnormalities in Movement system  Diskolasi: In correct location or position. It occurs if the position or tip of a bone node does not exactly place on the other bone node.  Sprained: Bruished ligament or joint binder which cause pain due to too forceful pulling of the ligament.  Arthritis : Joint inflammation  Polio : Disease caused by polio virus, it can cause the sufferer paralyzed.  Fracture: An accident can cause bones broken, cracked, or bruished.
  38. 38.  Lordosis: backbone bend forward  Scoliosis: backbone bend rightward of leftward  Kiphosis : backbone bend backward
  39. 39. Circulatory Blood Organs Erithrocit ThrombocyteLeucocyte Blood vassel Heart
  40. 40. Circulatory System There are two types of Circulatory system in our body there are large Circulatory system and small Circulatory system • Large Circulatory system blood is pumped away from heart through arcus aorta throughout the body • Small Circulatory system blood is pumped out from heart towards lungs through pulmonary artery
  41. 41. Blood Vassel Blood Vessel consists of artery and veins  Artery Artery is blood vessel transporting blood from heart throughout the body  Vein vein is blood vessel transporting blood from body back to the heart
  42. 42. Heart Heart is necessary to pump the blood throughout the body and located slightly on the left in Chest Cavity
  43. 43. Blood Blood is transportation device of important substances in the body. a.Blood Plasma The composition of plasma is mostly water(90%) and the other 10% are protein,amino acid,sugar,vitamin,mineral salt,enzyme,hormone and antibodies. b.Blood cell and its formation There are three types of blood cells: Erythocite, Leukocyte, and Thrombocyte
  44. 44. Erythrocyte a.Erythrocyte Erythrocyte has biconcave-shaped structure and has no nucleus.The amount of red blood cell is about 5 million per 1 mm3 blood.
  45. 45. Leukocyte b.Leukocyte Leukocyte is produced in red marrow,lymphoid tissues and lymphatic gland.the number of Leukocyte normally about 6,000-9,000 white blood cells.
  46. 46. Thrombocyte Thrombocyte have irregular shape,smaller than other blood cells,and no nucleus.The normal number of Thrombocyte is about 200,000-300,000.
  47. 47. Disorder and Disease of circulatory system a.Anemia anemia is a blood deficiency disease. b.Leukemia Leukemia is a blood cancer signed by very large amount of white blood cells because its production cannot be controlled. c.Varicose vein Varicose vein is a vein enlargement. d.Sclerosis Sclerosis is a hardening of arteries.
  48. 48. e.Hypertension Hypertension is a condition in which a person has high blood pressure. f. Hypotension Hypotension is an abnormally low blood pressure. g.Hemophilia Hemophilia is a blood disorder in which ability of blood to clot is impaired at injury.

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