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Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
Supreme court nomination process
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Supreme court nomination process

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  • 1. Supreme Choice Process & Politics of Presidential Nominations to the Supreme Court
  • 2. Political Cartoon A Title: The Supreme Court Location Mike Keefe, The Denver Post, Oct. 6, 2004 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 3. Political Cartoon B Title: Bush on Dred Scott Monte Wolverton, Cagle Cartoons, Oct. 10, 2004 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 4. Political Cartoon C Title: Supreme Court - 31 Flavors Robert Ariail, The State, Aug. 10, 2005 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 5. Political Cartoon D Title: The Confirmation Process Mike Thompson, The Detroit Free Press, Aug. 11, 2005 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 6. Political Cartoon E Title: Go My Pretties! Henry Payne, The Detroit News, Aug. 11, 2005 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 7. Political Cartoon F Title: Supreme Court Exam Jimmy Margulies, New Jersey -- The Record, Aug. 11, 2005 http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/
  • 8. Factors That Influence Supreme Court Nominations
  • 9. Factors That Influence Supreme Court Nominations     Party affiliation (80% or higher) Judicial Philosophy “Litmus Test” - where nominees stand on controversial issues like abortion Background of nominee (education, experience, race, gender, ethnicity, etc.)      Cultivating political support Political favors Interest group input American Bar Association certification Securing a “safe” nominee
  • 10. The U.S. Constitution and the Appointment of Supreme Court Justices Article II, Section 2 describes the appointment powers of the President: “He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate …to… nominate Judges of the Supreme Court….”
  • 11. The U.S. Constitution and the Supreme Court Article III describes the judicial power of the Supreme Court: “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress May …establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior…”
  • 12. 1. The Constitution & the Supreme Court: Questions for Discussion Identify the constitutional requirements for appointing Supreme Court Justices. 2. Discuss the purpose and significance of federal judges servings life terms. 3. How do these constitutional provisions promote checks and balances of the three branches of the federal government?
  • 13. U.S. Supreme Court Confirmation Process WHITE HOUSE REVIEW Stage 1: Presidential Nomination FBI Investigation Qu i kTi m e™ and a c TI FF ( Unc om pr es sed) dec om pr ess or ar e nee ded t o se e t hi s pi ct ur e. Stage 2: Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing Certification INTEREST GROUP Influence Qu i ckTi m e™ an d a TIFF (Unc om p re ss ed) de co m pres so r are n ee ded to s ee thi s p ic ture. MEDIA Influence Stage 3: Full Senate Vote Stage 4: Oath of Office?
  • 14. U.S. Supreme Court Confirmation Process 1. White House staff Stage 1 reviews candidates and submits a short list to the Presidential Nomination president 2. FBI background investigation 3. Candidates submit financial disclosure forms 4. ABA grades candidates 5. Interest groups weigh in on candidates 6. President selects nominee
  • 15. U.S. Supreme Court Confirmation Process 1. Senate Judiciary members and Stage 2 their staffs review candidate’s Senate Judiciary Committee background (may conduct own investigation) Hearings 2. Interest groups may conduct campaigns for or against nominee (including TV ads) 3. Intense media attention to Senate hearings 4. Senate Judiciary Committee questions candidate on judicial philosophy, stands on key issues, etc. 5. Judiciary Committee votes up or down on nominee and sends recommendation to full Senate
  • 16. U.S. Supreme Court Confirmation Process Stage 3 Full Senate Vote Floor debate on nominee 2. Confirmation vote by full Senate 1.
  • 17. U.S. Supreme Court Confirmation Process Stage 4 Oath of Office 1. If confirmed by the Senate, nominee sworn in, usually by Chief Justice 2. Once on the Court, justices often make decisions on the bench very different from what the nominating President had anticipated independent judiciary

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