Regardless of the size and nature, largely all businesses are dependent on leverage. This research called for analyzing the impact of leverage on equity elements like the earnings to price ratio, Market value of equity and book to market ratio. Later on we also tested to identify the relationship between leverage and on expected stock returns. Financial data for different companies ranging in their own sectors was collected and then financial data from 2002 to 2012 was used to run pooled regression in order to find out any existing relationship
The results were pretty astonishing as it was proved that leverage had no impact on either of the equity elements. Nevertheless, a relationship could be identified between leverage and expected stock returns. Hence it will be safe to conclude that Pakistan’s economy is shortsighted and consumption oriented and that profits and earnings of companies in Pakistan are highly financed by their respective revenues. But nevertheless judgments about a particular sector couldn’t be made as this report has various business sectors of Pakistan.