8 group development

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8 group development

  1. 1. GROUP DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. The Issues The nature and types of groups The stages of group development Considerations in creating effective teams
  3. 3. The nature and types of groups Two or more people interacting interdependently to achieve a common goal Formal groups Established by an organization to facilitate the achievement of organizational goals Informal groups Neither formally structure nor organizationally determined Emerge naturally in response to the interests of members
  4. 4. Types of Groups/Teams Management teams Groups of multiple individuals brought together who all share management responsibility and are brought together to make some higher level management decisions Work teams Groups of people who focus on producing a particular product or service Self-managed work teams: Groups of, typically, 10 to 15 people who take on responsibilities of their former supervisors.
  5. 5. Types of Groups/Teams Cross-functional teams Groups of people from different work areas (from about the same hierarchical level), who come together to accomplish a task. • Task forces • Committees
  6. 6. Types of Groups/Teams Virtual teams Groups of people that use computer technology to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal. Characteristics of virtual team Characteristics of virtual team 1. The absence of paraverbal and nonverbal cues 1. The absence of paraverbal and nonverbal cues 2. A limited social context 2. A limited social context 3. The ability to overcome time and space constraints 3. The ability to overcome time and space constraints
  7. 7. Stages of Group Development
  8. 8. Stages of Group Development
  9. 9. Stages of Group Development (cont’d)
  10. 10. Cohesiveness and Group Effectiveness Increasing group cohesiveness: Increasing group cohesiveness: 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. 6. 6. 7. 7. Make the group smaller. Make the group smaller. Encourage agreement with group goals. Encourage agreement with group goals. Increase time members spend together. Increase time members spend together. Increase group status and admission difficultly. Increase group status and admission difficultly. Stimulate competition with other groups. Stimulate competition with other groups. Give rewards to the group, not individuals. Give rewards to the group, not individuals. Physically isolate the group. Physically isolate the group.
  11. 11. Relationship Between Group Cohesiveness, Performance Norms, and Productivity
  12. 12. A Team-Effectiveness Model
  13. 13. The Issues The nature and types of groups The stages of group development Considerations in creating effective teams (e.g., group cohesiveness)

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