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Peace Conflict and Development
 

Peace Conflict and Development

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Links between peace, conflict and development. How conflict affects development, and development prevents conflicts

Links between peace, conflict and development. How conflict affects development, and development prevents conflicts

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    Peace Conflict and Development Peace Conflict and Development Presentation Transcript

    • “There is no long-term
      security without
      development. There is
      no development without
      security.”
      Kofi Annan, 2006
      “Peace is a primary prerequisite
      for development.”
      Yasuo Fukuda, Prime Minister of Japan
      (Davos 2008)
      ‘In Zaire rebellion is easy: all you need is ten thousand dollars and a
      satellite phone’.
      Laurent Kabilla
      “9 out of the 10 lowest Human
      Development Index countries
      have experienced armed conflict
      at some point since 1990.”
      UNDP Human Development Report 2005
      Development Perspectives
      Peace, Conflict and Development
      By Shivraj Singh Negi (HS07H022)
      10/27/2009
      1
    • Why Conflict and Development
      Second World War and UN.
      Development after conflict.
      The template of peace and development activity.
      Endemic conflicts and uneven international interventions.
      Development must not avoid – or follow - conflict but engage with conflict.
      10/27/2009
      2
    • Occurrence of
      Lack of
      Catch-22
      Also, there are positive and negative effects of development on conflict.
      10/27/2009
      3
    • Conflict Sensitive Development
      Argument for conflict sensitive development, in order to maximize positive impacts and minimize negative impacts.
      Two examples of Kenya and Nepal.
      Conflict Analysis (Who, What, Why, When, Where of conflict).
      Profiles, causes, actors and dynamics.
      Costs and the benefits accruing from proper Conflict Analysis.
      Leads to a positive circular relation between development and conflict. (Increasing development hits at roots of conflict, reduced conflict increases development).
      10/27/2009
      4
    • Civil war as Development in Reverse.
      Costs and causes.
      Costs to other countries (Drugs, refugees etc).
      Most important risk factors were three economic characteristics, the level of per capita income, its rate of growth, and its structure.
      Reducing conflict through long term preventions (, solutions based on ending or shortening the duration of conflicts, post-conflict Interventions.
      10/27/2009
      5
    • Three principle factors are often exacerbated by the presence of ethnic differences etc.
      10/27/2009
      6
      Also, Securitization of Development, problems from conflict, poverty arising out of conflict,
    • Mozambique
      No Ethnic angle to conflict, primarily a result of cold war.
      After collapse of apartheid regime and 1991, church brokered a peace deal, intervention by IMF.
      Successful programme of land re-allocation and settlement of war refugees.
      Largely carried by using using indigenous knowledge and local capacity, with no external assistance of any kind from government, donors or NGOs.
      10/27/2009
      7
    • Sri Lanka
      Many Parallel Conflicts.
      Factors that exacerbated the conflict.
      Conflict between LTTE and Govt., within Tamil groups, displaced people and hosts.
      Perceived need for social and political change.
      Human suffering due to conflict.
      Distrust and animosity.
      Conflict has caused militarization of society.
      Costs of conflict.
      Human development suffers due to above factors.
      10/27/2009
      8
    • Colombia
      History.
      Causes of conflict: Unequal access to economic power and political power, poverty and Drug funding.
      Impact of Violence on development: highest violence rates in world, marginal conflict to generalized violence, economic impacts of insecurity and violence, Brain Drain.
      The judicial system and other government institutions have been debilitated and corruption has rocketed.
      10/27/2009
      9