NREGA: THE SCHEME AND ITS CURRENT STATUS
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NREGA: THE SCHEME AND ITS CURRENT STATUS

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copied from jean dreze slides. All about NREGA and its implementation

copied from jean dreze slides. All about NREGA and its implementation

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  • nrega is indeed a good project for the poor masses.but then its implementation are indeed poor.many of the rural villages won't even have the nrega card .can we say that the project is for poor masses?
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    NREGA: THE SCHEME AND ITS CURRENT STATUS NREGA: THE SCHEME AND ITS CURRENT STATUS Presentation Transcript

    • PRESENTATION FOR THE COURSE CURRENT AFFAIRS WORKSHOP EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE AND THE RIGHT TO WORK SHIVRAJ SINGH NEGI KOMMU VENKATA RAVI SHANKAR S. DEEPUK 4/20/2009 1
    • The India State Hunger Index 2008 by the  International Food Policy Research Institute. Percent of population living under  Punjab has the best nutritional the poverty line, which is 356.35 situation, whereas malnutrition in Madhya rupees or around $7 a month in rural Pradesh is worse than in Ethiopia or Sudan. areas. 4/20/2009 2
    • The Employment Guarantee Act is a step towards the right to work, as an aspect of the fundamental right to live with dignity 4/20/2009 3
    • The “right to life” is a fundamental right of all  citizens under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. “Right to life… includes the right to live with  human dignity, it would include all these aspects which would make life meaningful, complete and living.” (Supreme Court) 4/20/2009 4
    • “The State shall… direct its policy towards  securing that the citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood…” (Article 39A) “The State shall … make effective provision  for securing the right to work…” (Article 41) 4/20/2009 5
    • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 is a law whereby: any adult who is willing to do unskilled manual work at the minimum wage is entitled to being employed on local public works within 15 days of applying. 4/20/2009 6
    • Each State has to launch an  “employment guarantee scheme” within six months of the Act coming into force. 4/20/2009 7
    • Block is the basic unit of implementation.  In each Block, a “Programme Officer” is to  coordinate the implementation of EGS Gram Panchayats are the main implementing  agencies. Accountability to Gram Sabhas.  4/20/2009 8
    • Gram Panchayats (half of EGS works)  Other Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)  Line departments (PWD, Forest Dept.)  NGOs.  Note: Private contractors are banned. 4/20/2009 9
    • Programme Officer to maintain shelf of  projects, based on proposals from the implementing agencies. Gram Panchayats also supposed to prepare a  shelf of works based on the recommendations of the Gram Sabha. 4/20/2009 10
    •  Minor irrigation  Water conservation, drought proofing, desilting of tanks, flood control, etc.  Land development  Rural roads  “Any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government” 4/20/2009 11
    • Employment to be provided on  demand, within 15 days. Programme Officer sanctions projects to  ensure that all applicants get work. Programme Officer to arrange payment of  unemployment allowance to those who don’t get work. 4/20/2009 12
    • Step 1 (Registration): Gram Panchayat to “register” interested households, to facilitate advance planning. Step 2 (Application): Adult members of registered households apply for work. 4/20/2009 13
    • Unit of registration is the household.  Gram Panchayat to issue a “job card” to  each applicant.  Special meeting of Gram Sabha to be held to invite applications. 4/20/2009 14
    • Any adult member of a registered  household can apply for work at any time.  Applications should be for at least 14 days of continuous work.  Advance applications are allowed. 4/20/2009 15
    •  Wage-material ratio should not be less than 60:40  Wages of skilled and semi-skilled labourers to be included in material costs 4/20/2009 16
    • Central Government to pay for:   wage costs,  75% of material costs, and  some administrative costs. State governments to pay for:   25% of material costs  other administrative costs,  unemployment allowance. 4/20/2009 17
    • Registration for Employment.  The adult member of every  House hold who –  Reside in rural area ; and  Are willing to do unskilled manual work may apply for registration of their household for issuance of Job Card. 4/20/2009 19
    • Within 15 days of receipt of  an application and within a radius of 5 kms. from their place of residence AND  If Employment is not provided within 15 days of receipt of his application he shall be entitled to a daily Unemployment allowance. 4/20/2009 20
    • One fourth of the wage  For First 30 days  rate. For the remaining  Not less than one half  period of the Financial of the wage rate year Employment wage +  Equal to the wages for  Unemployment 100 days of work in a allowance financial year 4/20/2009 21
    • A person working for 7 hours  would normally earn a wage equal to a wage rate  Minimum wage fixed by the state Government under section 3 of the minimum wage Act,1948  Wage rate is fixed by the Central Govt.  Shall not be at a rate of less than Sixty rupees per day . 4/20/2009 22
    •  Water conservation and Water harvesting  Drought proofing(Aforestation and tree plantation)  Irrigation canals  Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by SC/ST/beneficiaries under Indira AawasYozna  Renovation of traditional water bodies  De-silting of tanks  Land development 4/20/2009 23
    •  Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas  Rural connectivity to provide all weather access  Other works notified by the Central/State Government 4/20/2009 24
    • Sarpanch/ward panch At Gram panchayat   Level Programme Officer  At Block/Tehsil /Taluka  Level (appointed specially for this scheme) GP/PO shall be bound to accept the valid  applications and to issue a dated receipt to the applicant . 4/20/2009 25
    •  Gram Panchayat will issue a Job Card after registration  Job card containing the details of adult members of household such as ; Names ,age ,address and photographs.  Registration will be made for five years and may be renewed from time to time. 4/20/2009 26
    •  Applicants will be intimated by written letter and a public notice will be displayed at the office of GP and PO.  Priority shall be given to women and in such a way that at least one third of the beneficiaries shall be women. 4/20/2009 27
    •  Employment shall be provided within a radius of 5 Kms. from their residence.  If Employment is provided outside 5 Kms., it must be provided within Block with 10 % extra wage to meet additional transportation and living expenses. 4/20/2009 28
    •  Safe drinking water  Shade for children and periods of rest  First-aid Box for emergency treatment and minor injuries  Health hazards connected with work to be provided 4/20/2009 29
    •  Depute one woman worker to look after five or more children below the age of six years of women laborers  Deputed woman shall be paid wage rate 4/20/2009 30
    •  Equal wages for women and men in all circumstances.  No gender discrimination of any kind.  Priority for women in the allocation of work: at least 33% of labourers should be women. 4/20/2009 31
    • If any person employed under the scheme is or child  accompanying any person injured ; he/she shall be entitled to free of charge medical treatment During the period of hospitalization of injured worker   Accommodation, treatment and medicines  Half of the wage per day to be paid to injured person 4/20/2009 32
    • If a person employed under a scheme   dies or  becomes permanent disabled by the accident at site The legal heirs of the deceased or the disabled shall be paid an ex gratia payment at the rate of Rs.25000 By the Central government. 4/20/2009 33
    • The wage under a scheme may be paid   either wholly in cash  or, in cash and kind But at least one fourth of the wages shall be paid in cash only All payment of wages in cash and UA shall be made to  concerns in the presence of independent persons of the community on pre-announced dates. 4/20/2009 34
    • The disbursement of daily  wages Weekly basis or in any case not  later than a fort night specified under the scheme. Laborers shall be entitled to  receive payment of compensation as per the provisions of payment of wages Act,1936 4/20/2009 35
    • Identification of projects in  The Gram Panchayat shall  the GP area and prepare a be responsible for development plan as recommended by Gram Sabha and ward Sabha 4/20/2009 36
    • Gram Panchayat shall Maintain a shelf of   possible works to be taken up as and when demand for work arises  Execution and supervision of such works 4/20/2009 37
    • GP shall forward its  Programme officer (Not  proposals in the order of below the rank of BDO at block priority to PO for approvals level) PO shall allot at least 50%  works in terms of cost to be implemented through GP PO shall supply each GP   MRs for the works  A list of employment opportunities. 4/20/2009 38
    • All NREGA-related documents to be available  for public scrutiny. Copies of documents to be made available at  nominal cost. Muster rolls to be pro-actively displayed at  Panchayat Bhawan. Documents can also be obtained under the  Right to Information Act. 4/20/2009 39
    • The Gram Panchayat Shall make available all relevant   documents;MRs,bills,vouchers,MB s, Sanction orders and other books of accounts and Paper to the Gram Sabha for the purpose of social Audit. Gram Sabhas to conduct social audits of all works taken up within Gram Panchayat All relevant documents to be provided to the Gram Sabha by the Gram Panchayat and other implementing agencies 4/20/2009 40
    • The Gram Sabha Shall monitor the   execution of works within the GP Shall conduct regular social  audit of all the works done by GP 4/20/2009 41
    • All efforts should be made to ensure  transparency and accountability All accounts and records relating to  work shall be made for public scrutiny A copy of Muster Rolls of every work  shall be made available in the office of PO and GP for inspection by any person after paying such fee 4/20/2009 42
    • The DPO, PO and GP shall prepare  annually report containing the facts and figures and achievements relating to scheme within its jurisdiction All the above documents shall be made  available to the public on demand and on payment of prescribed fees. 4/20/2009 43
    • The Scheme shall not permit  engaging any contractor for implementation the project under this scheme Works under this schemes shall be  performed by using manual labor and not by machines 4/20/2009 44
    • The State Government shall makes rules and  regulations to deal with any complaint at block and the District level If any dispute or complaint arises the scheme by  GP the matter shall be referred to PO The PO shall enter every complaint in a  complaint register and shall dispose the disputes and complaints within 7 days of its receipt. 4/20/2009 45
    • 4/20/2009 46
    • Employment on demand.  Legal right.   Universal entitlement.  Participatory approach.  Accountability to PRIs.  Full transparency. 4/20/2009 47
    • Employment within 15 days of application.  Unemployment allowance.  Work within 5 kilometres.  Minimum wages.  Payment within 15 days.  No gender discrimination.  Basic worksite facilities.  4/20/2009 48
    • Total: 90 crore person-days  Per job card: 24 person-days  Per rural household: 17 person-days  Minimum “requirement”:a 200 crore person-days  a NAC estimate, 2004. 4/20/2009 49
    • Total: Rs. 8,813 crores  Per district: Rs. 44.06  crores Estimated requirement for 200 districts: Rs. 20,000 crores  Budget allocation for 2007-8 (330 districts): Rs. 13,000 crores  4/20/2009 50
    • Taken up: 8.3 lakh  Completed: 3.8 lakh  In progress: 4.5 lakh  Approximate number of  villages in NREGA districts: 2 lakh 4/20/2009 51
    • Rajasthan 77 Uttar Pradesh 11 Assam 70 Andhra Pradesh 10 Madhya Pradesh 56 Haryana 9 North-Easta 45 Tamil Nadu 9 Chhattisgarh 34 Bihar 8 Orissa 21 Gujarat 7 Himachal Pradesh 20 Punjab 7 Uttarakhand 20 West Bengal 6 Karnataka 17 Maharashtra 4 Jharkhand 14 Kerala 3 Jammu & Kashmir 13 INDIA 17 a Except Assam (approximate figure, based on incomplete data). 4/20/2009 52
    • 4/20/2009 53
    • Women: 40%  Scheduled Tribes (ST): 36%  Scheduled Castes (SC): 26%  SC/ST Combined: 62%  4/20/2009 54
    • National average: 40%  Highest shares: Tamil Nadu 81%  Rajasthan 67% Kerala 66% Andhra Pradesh 55% Lowest shares: Bihar 17%  Uttar Pradesh 17% Himachal Pradesh 12% Jammu & Kashmir 4% 4/20/2009 55
    • 4/20/2009 56
    • Average Expenditure per Person-Day Rs. 98  Share of Wages in Total Expenditurea 66%  Average Wage Cost per Person-Daya Rs. 64  aUnskilled labour only. 4/20/2009 57
    • Kerala 121 Jammu & Kashmir 69 Maharashtra 104 Assam 67 Haryana 97 Karnataka 67 North-Easta Punjab 94 63 Andhra Pradesh 86 Chhattisgarh 63 Jharkhand 80 Madhya Pradesh 59 Tamil Nadu 80 Uttar Pradesh 56 Uttarakhand 72 Gujarat 56 Bihar 70 Orissa 53 West Bengal 70 Rajasthan 51 Himachal Pradesh 69 INDIA 64 a Except Assam (approximate figure, based on incomplete data). 4/20/2009 58
    • 140 120 Wage rate (Rs/day) 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Person-days of work per rural household 4/20/2009 59
    • A field survey of NREGA was recently conducted by the  Centre for Development Economics (CDE) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD), with students from Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University. Date: May-June 2007  Survey Districts: Ranchi (Jharkhand)  Surguja (Chhattisgarh) Number of Gram Panchayats: 23   Number of worksites: 47 4/20/2009 60
    • Most families have a Most of the works are job card. productive. Awareness levels Corruption levels have have improved. gone down. Employment on a  Where there is massive scale. work, NREGA is a Minimum wages are lifeline for the rural being paid. poor. Contractors have  Massive progress disappeared. compared with earlier years! 4/20/2009 61
    • Work is not “demand-driven”.  Long delays in wage payments.  Shortage of staff at all levels.  Poor worksite facilities (e.g. creches).  Violations of the transparency safeguards.  Corruption persists.  4/20/2009 62
    • Were most labourers at this worksite employed in response to an application for work? Ranchi Surguja Yes 4% 11% No 96% 89% 4/20/2009 63
    • Proportion (%) of worksites where: Ranchi Surguja Most labourers earned the minimum wage n/a 84 Wages were paid in front of the labourersa 54 79 Wages were paid within 15 days 32 16 Labourers had complaints about wage payments 71 90 a Excluding payments through Banks 4/20/2009 64
    • Proportion (%) of worksites with the following facilities: Ranchi Surguja Drinking water 64 100 Shade for periods of resta 68 (16) “Medicine kit” 68 59 Crèche 4 11 a Not including natural shade. 4/20/2009 65
    • Proportion (%) of worksites with: Ranchi Surguja Vigilance committee 89 84 Active vigilance committee 11 21 4/20/2009 66
    • Earlier surveys: Dungarpur, April 2006: (negligible) Garhwa, October 2006: 85% CDE-IHD survey: Ranchi 33% Surgujaa 5% a Gram Panchayat works. 4/20/2009 67
    • Activating the work application process.  Implementation of transparency safeguards  Timely wage payments.  Need for a wage policy.  Women’s participation.  Redressal systems!  4/20/2009 68
    • 4/20/2009 69
    • 4/20/2009 70