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Stress management
 

Stress management

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Stress management

Stress management

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    Stress management Stress management Presentation Transcript

    • Understanding & Managing Stress Archana Vechalekar
    • Understanding & Managing Stress MYTH OR REALITY ?
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • The time necessary to learn all the rules for effective living now exceeds your life expectancy!!
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
        • SOME FACTS
      • 75-90% of adult visits to primary care physicians are for stress related problems.
      • The commonest problems world-wide are a mixture of anxiety and depression.
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • SOME FACTS
      • MAXIMUM absenteeism on an average workday is because of stress related problems
      • More heart attacks on Monday , 9:00 A.M. than at any other time of the week.
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • MORE FACTS
      • Life after death is all okay but what about life after birth?
      • The only time there is a total absence of stress is in death
      • Stress is essentially the rate of all the wear and tear caused by life
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Driving your car in rush hour
      • Getting a last minute work assignment
      • Misplacing something in the house….
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Having something break while using it
      • Dealing with incompetence at work
      • Planning your budget
      • Being blamed for something
      • Waiting in a long line at the store or bank
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • WHAT IS STRESS?
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Stimulus -------------  Reaction
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • EUSTRESS
      • vs.
      • DISTRESS
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • The BAD News :
      • Stress is an inescapable part of modern life
      • The GOOD News :
      • Stress isn't altogether bad news
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • ADAPTATION
      • Body has only a finite, non-renewable reserve of adaptation energy
      • Eventually, it is consumed and death results
      • Stress is how people react to demands placed on them
      • Important is our perception and subjective interpretation of the stressor .
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • WHAT ARE STRESSORS?
      • Stressors are events that threaten or challenge people
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • SOURCES OF STRESS
      • DAILY HASSLES
      • MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
      • CATASTROPHES
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • TOP FEW DAILY HASSLES
      • INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS
      • CONCERNS ABOUT WEIGHT
      • HEALTH OF A FAMILY MEMBER
      • RISING PRICES OF COMMON GOODS
      • HOME MAINTENANCE
      • TOO MANY THINGS TO DO
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • SOCIAL MANIFESTATIONS ….
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Experience of sense of isolation
      • Suffer from loneliness
      • Frequently nag others
      • Lack of intimacy
      • Often distrustful
      • Seldom go out with family
      • Harbour resentments
      • Lash out at others
      • Reduced contact with friends
      • Disturbed family relationships
      • Tend to use people for personal gain
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Depressed
      • Bored
      • Urge to cry
      • Urge to hide
      • Suspiciousness
      • Negative attitude/thoughts
      • Loneliness
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Anxious
      • Nervous
      • Worry
      • Nightmares
      • Helplessness
      • Confusion
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Irritable
      • Feelings of unreality
      • Urge to run
      • Unable to concentrate
      • Lethargy
      • Decision making- both major & minor- becomes difficult
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Excessive daydreaming about “getting away from it all”
      • Use of sleeping pills
      • Thoughts trail while speaking or writing
      • Sudden outbursts of temper or hostility
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Forgetfulness regarding appointments,dates, deadlines
      • Frequent spells of brooding and a feeling of inadequacy
      • Reversals in usual behaviour
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS
      • Cigarette smoking
      • Impulsive behavior
      • Inappropriate crying
      • Aggressive
      • Overeating
      • Lack of initiative
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS
      • Using people
      • Drug/Alcohol abuse
      • Cynical
      • Fault finding
      • Antisocial
      • Under eating
      • Lowered sex drive
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS
      • Accident prone
      • Blaming
      • Nervous laughing
      • Reclusive
      • Inflexible
      • Nagging
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Hypertension
      • Coronary heart disease
      • Migraine, tension headache
      • Ulcers
      • Asthmatic conditions
      • Chronic backaches
      • Arthritis
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Allergies
      • Skin disorders
      • Hyperthyroidism
      • Vertigo
      • More frequent infections
      • Sexual dysfunctions
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Heart pounding
      • Bowel alterations
      • Stomach distress
      • Dizziness
      • Lingering cold
      • Dry mouth
      • Fatigue
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
      • Weakness
      • Fidgeting
      • Sweating
      • Anorexia
      • Insomnia
      • Muscle tension
      • Generalized aches and pains
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • MENTAL STRESS
      • Mental attitudes generally negative
      • Mental lethargy
      • Rarely develop new ideas
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • MENTAL STRESS
      • Difficulty in concentration
      • Confusion
      • Rarely express your feelings through music, art, dance or writing
      • No intellectual relaxation
      • Make negative self-statements
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • MENTAL STRESS
      • Fail to keep abreast of current events
      • Mind is often in a whirl
      • Rarely introduce innovations into work
      • Frequently suffer from forgetfulness
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • BURN OUT EFFECTS
      • Complaints of fatigue, being overworked, exhaustion
      • Shows loss of enthusiasm, energy, drive, pep team spirit
      • Shows loss of imagination, creativity, refusal to take risks
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • BURN OUT
      • Becomes defensive easily, has poor relationships with key people
      • Is disorganized, has poor recall, memory loss
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Basic Guidelines For Coping
      • Recognise and admit that you are feeling stressed and anxious
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Basic Guidelines For Coping
      • Give yourself permission to feel anxious about whatever it is that is bothering you. But ask “How much anxiety is too much"
      • Try to pinpoint what it is you are anxious about. If you can't pinpoint it, don't worry too much about it and move on
      • Become aware of your body's symptoms. Don't let them scare you, let them talk to you
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Basic Guidelines For Coping
      • If you do know what it is that is bothering you, what can you do to eliminate or minimise the situation?
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Basic Guidelines For Coping
      • Most importantly, how can you react differently so you won't be so affected by this situation?
      • Listen to the dialogue within yourself. Are you filling yourself with negative thoughts about a certain situation?
      • Listen to the dialogue of those around you. Is someone around you being negative and dragging you down with them?
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Basic Guidelines For Coping
      • Are you overwhelming yourself with "shoulds" and high expectations? If so, which ones would you eliminate?
      • Give yourself positive reinforcement for even the smallest accomplishments.
      • Are you blaming someone else for your anxieties, unhappiness, poor health, lack of success or whatever?
      • Take responsibility for yourself and make some positive changes?
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • The Ten Commandments
      • Thou shalt regularly do those things that are most enjoyable to thee without harming others or self
      • Thou shalt take time to physically relax or meditate daily
      • Thou shalt exercise aerobically 3-5 times each week
      • Thou shalt sleep 7-8 hours each night
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • The Ten Commandments
      • Thou shalt not take thyself so seriously
      • Thou shalt grant yourself the right to make mistakes
      • Thou shalt share your feelings each day
      • Thou shalt eat a healthy, balanced diet
      • Thou shalt do the important things first
      • Thou shalt respect and express your own opinions
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • EXPECTATIONS Vs FULFILMENT
      • Realistic Vs Unrealistic Expectations
      • Flexibility Vs Rigidity
      • Must recognise own ability and potential
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Remember that …….
      • In the short run, anyone, can be a victim, even you
      • In the long run,there are no victims--- only willing participants
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Remember that …….
      • The key to winning back your time is to be more effective at being rather than doing
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Remember that …….
      • Albert Einstein didn’t remember his telephone number. He didn’t want to clutter his mind with information that could be accessed anytime.
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Remember that …….
      • You are more resourceful than you often acknowledge and
      • You always have more options than you know
    • Understanding & Managing Stress
      • Remember that …….
      • You don’t have to catch the ball every time someone throws it at you
      • Learn how to say NO!!