Week magazine projection of life in the year 2025

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Week Magazine - Projection of life in the year 2025
December 2013

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  • 1. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 ASSIGNMENT 3: Week Magazine - Projection of life in the year 2025 Research Methodology Dr. Sridhar TITLE: A Study on Pragmatic Approaches and Quality Initiatives for Enhancing Teachers’ Caliber in Post Graduate Institutes offering MBA Programme under Bangalore University Under the Guidance of Dr. T.V. Raju Director, RV Institute of Management, Bangalore CANARA BANK SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES BANGALORE UNIVERSITY SUBMITTED BY Shivananda R Koteshwar PhD Research Scholar, 2013, REG# 350051   Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 2. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 Projection  of  Life  in  the  year  2025   Source:  The  Week  Magazine,  December  2013  Issue   The  future  is  here     The   article   is   not   a   work   of   fiction.   It   is   a   realistic   projection   of   life   in   the   year   2025,  compiled  after  interviews  with  scientists,  social  scientists  and  futurists.         World  Wider  Web   Because  of  the  explosive  nature  of  exponential  growth,  the  21st  century  is   equivalent  to  20,000  years  of  progress  at  today’s  rate,  about  a  thousand  times   higher  than  the  20th  century  –Ray  Kurzweil,  American  Author     Trend   • Technology   is   developing   at   such   a   fast   pace   that   now   the   challenge   is   organizing  and  making  the  best  use  of  the  data  collected   • Technology   will   move   from   being   research   driven   to   entertainment   driven   • Cell  phone  are  expected  to  move  over  from  being  smart  to  intelligent  with   the   ability   to   predict   the   users   next   move   and   purchase   or   interpret   actions   based   on   insight   gathered   through   the   person’s   data   using   cognizant  computing.  The  phones  can  become  our  secret  digital  agents   • Retina,   meanwhile   could   become   your   identity   card,   with   retina   identification  as  the  converging  tool     Predictions   • Internet  enabled  cars  and  other  devices   o Ford  and  Volvo  are  working  on  C2C  (Car  to  Car)  networks  so  all  by   2025,  predictions  are  that  60%  of  the  cars  will  be  net  enabled   • Internet  of  things  -­‐  a  storehouse  of  knowledge   o A   doctor   could   personalize   a   prosthesis   with   the   expertise   of   people   he   doesn’t   even   know   but   through   whom   he   will   link   up   over  the  internet   o MIT   predicts   Holographic   TV   will   come   home   to   homes   at   the   prices  of  standard  LED  television  in  10  years   • Social  Media  as  an  academic  tool   o Social  media  might  morph  into  academic  tool.     • 3D  printing   o Printing  in  3D  will  be  one  of  the  biggest  disruptive  changes  in  the   coming  years.     o McKinsey   report   says   this   alone   will   change   the   face   of   global   economy  by  2025   • Virtual  Currency   o Virtual  currencies  like  bitcoin  will  gain  popularity.     o This   might   help   in   storage   and   dispersion   of   cash   but   there   will   be   host   of   new   age   crimes   and   legal   issues   that   law   enforcement   authorities  will  find  themselves  flummoxed  with       Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 3. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 Experimental  Fare   Ask  not  what  you  can  do  for  your  country.  Ask  what’s  for  lunch  …Orson  Walles,   American  Actor     I  foresee  a  near  future  in  which  we  will  be  consuming  food  capsule  –  Devandra   Sharma,  An  Agriculture  Activist     Trend   • Rise  of  smart  crops  like  transgenic  rice  and  vegetables   o On   the   outskirts   of   Hyderabad   is   a   field,   which   has   not   been   watered,   in   a   long   time.   Scientists   from   a   seed-­‐producing   firm,   DSCL   are   testing   the   rce   crop   for   draught   resistance.   In   another   field  close  by,  the  crop  is  watered,  but  with  brackish  water.  As  land   under   agriculture   shrinks,   climate   change   renders   present   agricultural   land   unarable   and   as   farm   labor   gets   harder   to   come   by,  the  future  of  agriculture  is  heavily  dependent  on  smart  crops   o  At  seed  giant  Mahyco’s  lab  in  Jalna,  Maharashtra,  new  generation   crops  are  being  developed  from  transgenic  rice  that  is  better  able   to  pick  up  nitrogen  from  soil  to  transgenic  okra  that  is  resistant  to   pest  attack   o Transgenic   route   –   Taking   a   gene   from   another   organism   and   inserting   it   into   a   plant   is   being   used   to   develop   crops   that   are   herbicide  resistant   o The   golden   Rice   project   is   an   international   endeavor   to   tackle   vitamin  A  deficiency  by  incorporating  it  into  rice  grains   o Scientists   are   even   developing   platinum   rice   packed   with   iron,   calcium,  molybdenum  and  other  trace  elements.  Food,  as  we  now   know  it,  will  disappear   Predictions   • Increased  dependence  on  packaged  and  processed  food   o With   greater   food   imports,   better   storage   and   transport,   the   consumer   is   not   likely   to   know   where   the   food   one   is   eating   has   come   from.     Increased   reliance   on   packaged   and   processed   food   will  be  there.     • Power  grains  and  cheap  meat  might  become  a  staple.  Lab  grown  meat  will   be   in.   Scientists   from   Netherlands,   led   by   Mark   Post,   used   stem   cells   from   a   cow   and   grew   them   into   strips   of   muscle   from   which   a   burger   was   made!       Vanishing  Villages   The  revival  of  the  village  is  possible  only  when  is  o  more  exploited  –  Mahatma   Gandhi     Trend   • Number  of  villages  and  their  population  will  decline   o With   the   towns   boom   into   cities   and   cities   burst   at   the   seams,   villages  are  changing.  For  starters,  they  are  disappearing   o As  demographers  predict  urban  migration  at  an  even  greater  pace,   as   real   estate   agents   buy   agrarian   land   for   housing   and   office     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 4. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 • schemes,   and   as   the   government   acquires   swathes   of   land   for   super   highways,   by   2025   villages   would   have   shrunk   further   in   numbers  and  in  population   Villages   will   become   focus   area   for   marketing   mavens,   be   it   related   to   health  care,  education  or  consumer  durables   o 69%   of   population   is   still   rural.   By   2025,   private   sector   investments  in  rural  health  alone  should  be  around  INR2.8trillion     Predictions   • With   urban   migration   on   the   rise,   rural   life   might   become   a   thing   of   the   past   • Roads  and  broadband  will  be  the  two  game  changers  in  rural  areas.  Once   you   have   connectivity,   all   other   infrastructure,   from   electrification   to   education,  falls  into  place   •     Fertile  Ground   To  create  is  divine,  to  reproduce  is  human  –  Man  Ray     Trend   • Assisted   reproductive   technology   has   hurtled   ahead   at   an   amazing   pace   every  since  the  first  test  tube  baby  was  born  25years  ago.  There  are  more   ways  of  making  babies  today  than  you  can  count  on  your  fingers  and  yet,   across  the  world,  scientists  are  devising  newer  methods  of  procreation   • Research   exists   demonstrating   how   to   make   primordial   germ   cells   from   the  skin  of  the  mice.  These  germ  cells  could  be  developed  into  both  eggs   and   sperms.   A   Japanese   scientist   Katsuhio   Hayashi   created   egg   cells,   which  he  used  to  create  live  mice.     • Across   laboratories   in   the   world,   female   cells   are   being   coerced   to   develop  into  sperms  too!     Predictions   • Within  a  decade,  we  will  be  making  human  sperms  from  stem  cells.  Eggs   may  take  longer  as  they  are  more  complex   • From  female  sperms  to  man  made  wombs,  there  will  be  several  new  ways   to  make  babies   • According  to  rough  estimate,  by  2025,  around  80000  babies  will  be  born   in  India  through  assisted  reproductive  techniques  every  year   • All   these   developments   are   likely   to   cause   a   host   of   legal,   moral   and   ethical   issues   and   will   certainly   complicated   school   biology   lessons.   Experts  are  awaiting  the  law  on  surrogacy  regulation  as  a  starting  point,   which   will   prohibit   lifestyle   babies   or   the   trend   of   sub-­‐contracting   reproducing  without  a  medical  requirement.       Built  to  rock   There  is  nothing  like  staying  at  home  for  real  comfort  …Jane  Austen     Trend   • Intelligent  Building  Management  System     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 5. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 • • • • o With   articulate   appliances   and   intelligent   buildings,   homes   are   getting  smarter.     o In   Noida,   a   builder   is   incorporating   Intelligent   Building   Management   system   into   the   construction   so   that   all   the   machines   in  the  building  can  talk  to  each  other.     Intelligent  Electrical  Metering  system   o Intelligent  electrical  metering  system  will  enable  residents  to  learn   about  their  usage  pattern  through  a  mobile  app.     Remote  Controlled  domestic  appliances   o Automated   homes   are   the   latest   sales   pitch   among   builders   and   real  estate  dealers   Intelligent  and  convenient  products  flooding  the  market   o Washing   machines   that   store   your   clothes   after   washing   and   drying   o In-­‐sink  dishwasher   o 3D  printers  that  customize  the  products   Carbon   footprint   is   another   driver   of   change.   In   2001,   there   was   one   green  building  in  India.  Today  there  are  around  2200  mostly  institutional.       Predictions   • The   Indian   Green   building   council   estimates   that   by   2025,   there   will   be   one  lakh  green  buildings  many  residential   • Active   installations   of   windmills,   solar   panels   and   rainwater   harvesting   will  be  common.       Urban  Crawl   Cities  are  obvious  metaphors  for  life.  We  call  roads  “arteries”  and  so  forth  –Geoffrey   West,  British  physicist     Trend   • Road   widening   project   or   metro   construction   or   flyover   construction   is   common  across  cities  in  India   • Government   has   realized   that   a   good   public   transport   system   is   only   effective  when  no  place  is  farther  than  a  kilometer  from  a  station  and  also   when   there   is   reliable   and   efficient   last   mile   connectivity.   Various   government  s  have  taken  positive  step  towards  achieving  this   • All   Tier-­‐2   cities   also   will   get   rapid   transit   metro   rails   with   some   Tier-­‐1   cities  getting  skybus  projects  in  addition  to  suburban  railway  network   • Better  highway  travel  experience   o Golden  quadrilateral  project  is  getting  further  enhanced   • Every   year,   several   state   highway   stretches   are   elevated   to   the   national   highway  status   • More  and  more  people  own  cars,  getting  the  city  roads  choked.       Predictions   • Infrastructure   projects   will   be   in   acceleration   mode   but   Urban   India’s   demands  would  be  growing  too   • By   2025,   most   people   will   be   taking   metro   to   work.   So   traffic   snarls   should  come  down  and  the  air  should  get  cleaner     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 6. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 • Half  of  India  will  live  in  cities  and  towns.     o Today,   the   rural   population   is   much   higher.   Will   urban   India   be   that   promised   land   for   the   rural   migrants   or   will   be   offer   little   more  than  a  sprawling  slum  communities  surrounding  pockets  of   plushness  …Time  only  will  tell  this     Within  Reach   The  first    wealth  is  health  …Ralph  Waldo  Emerson,  American  Poet     Trend   • Medical  science  is  on  a  threshold  where  there  are  multiple  game  changers   • 10%  of  surgeries  are  robot  guided   • Tremendous  advancement  in  nanotechnology  area   • Advances  in  research  in  Stem  Cell  therapy.  Around  10%  diseases  can  be   treated  with  stem  cell  therapy   • Biotherapeutics   or   making   medicines   from   living   organisms   instead   of   synthetic  molecules  is  a  big  ticket  venture   • Lifestyle  diseases  and  treatment  resistant   • People   are   working   on   several   indigenous   models   of   taking   health   care   to   the  grassroots  levels.       Predictions   • Most  surgeries  are  robot  guided   o Treatment   will   be   on   an   altogether   different   plane   in   2025.   The   operation   theater   is   going   to   see   greater   mechanization,   with   robot-­‐guided  surgery  taking  over.     o 75%   of   surgeries   will   be   robot   guided   ensuring   safer   and   more   precise  procedures   • Greater  use  of  nanotechnology   o Nano  particles  will  be  used  as  scaffolds  to  mount  cells  for  stem  cell   therapy  or  delivery  of  medicines   • Stem   Cell   therapy   will   be   move   from   research   to   treatment   level   and   cover  more  ailment  treatment   • Biotherapeutics  will  be  in  vogue   o Regenerative  medicine  beyond  stem  cells  takes  us  to  the  realm  of   artificial  organs  from  bionic  yes  and  mind  controlled  prostheses  to   artificial  skins  and  bladders.  We  will  see  more  molecular  targeted   therapy   for   cancer   treatment   as   well   as   gene   therapy   to   great   genetic  diseases   • The   world   will   be   will   be   polio-­‐free   and   perhaps   even   leprosy-­‐free.   Measles   and   rubella   will   not   be   childhood   fears   and   fewer   infants   will   succumb  to  diarrhea  and  pneumonia   • Once   Internet   broadband   reaches   villages,   primary   health   care   centers   will  be  able  to  provide  a  digital  barefoot  doctor  service  to  the  most  distant   reaches   • The   upward   graph   of   lifestyle   diseases   will   be   compounded   with   the   resurgence  of  infectious  diseases  in  more  virulent  avatars  than  before.  We   are   looking   at   80million   diabetic   Indians   by   2025   and   many   of   them   in   rural  areas  now     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 7. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025   Space  Ace   I  don’t  think  the  human  race  will  survive  the  next  thousand  years  unless  we  spread   into  space  –  Stephen  Hawking     Trend   • Inching  towards  Earth-­‐Moon-­‐Mars  habitation   o Rovers  landing  on  moon  surface  and  hopes  of  bringing  back  lunar   samples   o Almost   all   developed   and   developing   nations   are   taking   great   strides  in  Moon  mission  and  Mars  Mission   • Wanderlust  has  bitten  space  faring  nations  badly  and  this  time,  the  race   isn’t   a   short   dash   to   space   or   moon,   but   marathons   into   deep   space,   the   aim  shifting  from  curios  explorations  to  possibilities  of  newer  homes  or  at   least  resource  centers   • India  itself  is  readying  a  solar  probe  as  well  as  its  second  moon  mission   • Across  the  world,  scientists  are  working  on  man0rated  vehicles  which  can   endure  very  long  flights.       Predictions   • Many  farms  and  Martian  homes  may  become  a  reality   • Deep   space   traffic   from   Earth,   is   likely   to   be   quite   heavy   over   the   next   decade   • India’s   satellite   fleet   is   already   an   admirable   one.   Over   the   next   decade,   our  satellite  network  will  cover  almost  every  aspect  of  life  in  the  country   improving   meteorological   forecasts   and   developing   an   indigenous   navigation  system     Demographic  Dilemmas   It  was  the  best  of  times;  it  was  the  worst  of  the  times  -­-­-­Charles  Dickens     Trend   • The   problem   is   not   in   the   population   but   in   the   distribution   of   those   numbers  across  ages,  gender  and  geographies   • Employability   and   source   of   jobs   for   the   growing   youths     is   getting   thinner   • Unbalanced  sex  ratio  in  India  is  hurting  the  society     Predictions   • India   will   surpass   china   and   will   be   the   most   populated   country   with   1.4billion  and  counting   • The  average  age  of  India  will  be  29  compared  to  38  in  China  and  40+  in   Japan.   With   around   300million   youth   entering   the   workforce   by   2025,   human  resources  will  be  India’s  greatest  asset  and  export   • Women  will  earn  more   • Average   life   expectancy   to   go   up   to   75years   from   65years.   12%   of   the   population  would  be  60+.  More  products  will  be  there  in  market  for  the   senior  consumer.  This  population  also  can  be  a  burden  as  at  least  10%  of   seniors  are  expected  to  be  bedridden     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 8. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025     Comfort  Material   Our  minds  want  clothes  as  much  as  our  bodies  -­-­-­Samuel  Butler,  British  Poet     Trend   • Fire  and  water  resistant  and  dust  repellent  clothes  are  hitting  the  market   • Technology  is  getting  integrated  to  textile  industry   • Nano   technology   is   pushing   the   boundaries   aiding   innovation   in   textile   industry     Predictions   • From   silicone   chemise   to   dirt   free   denims,   technical   textile   will   be   in   vogue   • A   smart   vest   that   monitors   the   person’s   vital   stats   and   sending   to   the   doctor  through  a  wireless  network  will  be  common       A  POSSBLE  SCENARIO   Anoushka,   45,   is   running   late.   She   has   an   appointment   with   her   assisted   reproduction   (AR)   specialist   and   his   legal   team   regarding   her   next   baby.   After   the   legal   hassles   she   had   with   her   former   live-­‐in   partner   over   custody   and   maintenance  of  their  daughter,  Ria,  now  five,  she  would  rather  not  have  a  father   for  her  next  baby.     The  AR  team  is  confident  that  her  eggs,  which  she  cryo-­‐froze  15  years  ago,  will   produce   a   bonnie   baby.   But   since   she   wants   to   use   a   female   sperm   for   fertilisation,  the  legal  team  wants  to  run  over  some  finer  points  with  her.  Would   it  be  a  better  option  to  create  a  sperm  from  her  skin  cells  or  should  she  go  for  a   donor   female   sperm?   Since   legislation   hasn't   kept   pace   with   changing   technology,  there  are  a  lot  of  grey  areas.  The  last  thing  she  wants  is  a  legal  tussle   over  the  next  baby.     As   the   escalator   descends   to   the   parking   lot,   her   mobile   phone   beeps.   It   is   her   refrigerator,   communicating   through   an   app,   that   they   are   out   of   milk,   the   spinach  is  five  days  old  and  wilting  but  there  is  enough  leftover  dal  to  take  care   of   Ria's   and   Anoushka's   73-­‐year-­‐old   father's   lunch.   Anoushka   smiles   to   herself,   thinking   about   her   father.   Here   she   is,   completely   off   men.   And   Papa   is   now   getting   sweet   on   the   lady   he   met   at   the   Parkinson's   stem   cell   therapy   clinic.   If   Papa   decides   to   marry   her   and   move   out,   she'll   have   to   think   of   babysitting   arrangements  all  over  again.  Her  grandmother  is  a  sprightly  95-­‐year-­‐old,  but  her   hours   are   so   filled   with   spiritual   meetings,   yoga-­‐for-­‐seniors   classes   and   television,  that  saddling  her  with  a  newborn  will  be  unfair.     Anoushka   thought   she   would   have   more   time   in   hand   now   that   she   doesn't   have   to   commute   to   work   so   often.   Her   company   recently   conceded   to   the   advantages   of   hooking   up   a   home   office   for   most   employees   and   keeping   only   a   little   cubicle   as  headquarters.  Despite  the  new  rash  of  flyovers  all  over  the  city,  traffic  remains   chaotic.  Even  her  domestic  help,  who  lives  in  a  newly-­‐sprung  urban  slum  some     Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 9. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 kilometres   from   her   gated   community,   has   bought   a   secondhand   hatchback   for   herself  and  even  managed  a  licence.       The  new  emission  laws  came  into  effect  two  years  ago,  but  with  so  many  more   vehicles  on  the  road,  the  air  quality  hasn't  really  improved.     And,  incidentally,  where  did  all  the  time  she  saved  from  commuting  vanish?  With   video   conferences   beginning   early   in   the   day   and   going   on   till   late   at   night,   Anoushka  feels  she  is  being  tied  down  to  her  work  more  stringently  than  before.     Last   fortnight,   her   seniors   streamed   in   a   video   conference   over   her   uber   smart   7G   phone   while   she   was   shopping   at   the   mall.   She   rushed   to   the   fire   escape   to   find  a  few  moments  of  quiet.     The   outing   was   supposed   to   be   a   treat   for   Papa   and   Ria,   the   mall   had   a   new   experiential   laser   show   for   shoppers.   Otherwise,   Anoushka   prefers   to   shop   online,   whether   for   greens   or   garments.   Home   deliveries,   however,   also   take   time  to  navigate  through  traffic.  Wouldn't  it  have  been  a  good  thing  if  Amazon's   octocopter   delivery   system   had   taken   off   and   little   drones   carrying   shopping   packages   entered   through   the   window?   The   device,   however,   couldn't   navigate   through  the  maze  of  chaotic  constructions.  Even  the  most  updated  Google  maps   could  never  be  accurate  enough  about  unauthorised  extensions  to  buildings.     The  moment  she  turns  on  the  ignition,  the  car's  wi-­‐fi  system  gets  activated.  “No,  I   am   on   leave   today,”   she   voicemails   her   office,   even   as   a   list   of   appointments   begin   streaming   in.   Now   it   is   her   younger   sister   calling   her   on   Skype   from   Mumbai,   since   she   has   been   able   to   hook   up   their   brother   from   Australia,   too.   “Let  us  have  a  sibling  reunion  today,”  says  the  sister,  and  Anoushka  has  to  say  a   firm,  “No.  I'm  driving.”     She  wonders  whether  she  should  go  offline,  but  she  is  always  scared  that  she  will   miss  an  SOS  from  Papa  or  Ria.  So,  she  ignores  all  the  online  traffic  flooding  in  and   concentrates  instead  on  the  road  traffic.     Her  AR  centre  is  in  a  satellite  town  40km  away.  The  drive,  once  clear  of  the  city,   is  a  beautiful  one.  The  eight-­‐laned  highway  is  flanked  by  fields,  lush  green  even   though  there  has  been  barely  a  drop  of  rain  this  year.  “These  drought-­‐resistant   crops   are   good,”   she   concedes.   When   Anoushka   read   about   smart   crops   in   a   newspaper   article   (thank   god   newspapers   haven't   gone   extinct   yet),   her   response  was  ambivalent.  Was  so  much  tampering  with  nature  a  good  idea,  she   had   wondered   as   she   read   about   introducing   genes   into   crops   for   drought   and   salinity   resistance.   But   then,   as   she   thinks   about   the   baby   she   is   planning,   Anoushka  shrugs.  It  is  a  smart  age,  after  all.       Smart  babies,  smart  crops  and  smart  homes.  Incidentally,  the  new  platinum  rice   they   have   been   using   is   such   an   improvement   on   the   golden   rice   they   were   used   to.  The  new  rice  is  packed  with  iron,  molybdenum,  zinc  and  calcium,  and  is  low   on  the  glycemic  index.       Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University  
  • 10. Week Magazine – Projection of life in the year 2025 The   meeting   with   the   medico-­‐legal   team   leaves   Anoushka   even   more   confused.   She   decides   to   read   up   a   little   more   and   ask   other   parents   who   have   opted   for   avant-­‐garde  reproductive  methods  before  taking  a  final  call.  Which  reminds  her   that  she  needs  to  buy  software  for  Ria's  new  school  year.  She  also  needs  to  buy  a   couple   of   books   and   pencils   as   teachers   insist   on   one   writing   exercise   a   day.   It   is   to   keep   the   fingers   nimble   and   well-­‐exercised.   Although   'writing'   now   is   more   through   the   Swype   mode,   there   is   still   a   lot   of   keyboard   typing   and   repetitive   injury  (RI)  syndrome  is  becoming  a  common  schoolroom  problem.     “Expenses,   expenses   everywhere,”   she   mutters   to   herself.   It   is   a   challenge   running   a   household   on   one   salary   and   a   pension   that   nowhere   factors   in   the   high  cost  of  living.  Actually,  there  is  little  left  of  Papa's  pension  after  paying  the   electricity  and  water  bills.  The  water  tariff  is  likely  to  go  higher  this  year.  When   there  is  no  rain,  there  is  little  water  left  in  the  rain  harvesting  sump,  too.  More   water   tankers   sucking   out   the   last   drops   of   moisture   from   a   village   will   be   a   temporary,  though  pricey,  solution.     The   phone   beeps   again.   It   is   her   washing   machine   telling   her   it   has   run   out   of   storage  space  for  washed  laundry.  She  will  have  to  remove  some  of  the  clothes   and   put   them   in   the   wardrobe   before   doing   the   next   round   of   washing.   It   is   a   mercy  that  most  textiles  these  days  don't  require  ironing,  except  the  organically-­‐ grown   natural   fibre   ones.   She   shrugs   again.   It   is   the   price   you   pay   for   keeping   your  connect  with  nature  in  some  way  at  least.     She   is   tempted   to   stop   on   the   way   to   grab   a   bite   or   buy   a   paperback   of   the   latest   pulp   fiction.   There   is   always   a   nice   feeling   about   curling   up   in   bed   with   a   book,   a   cosiness   her   electronic   library   cannot   replicate.   Perhaps,   it   is   about   having   something  tangible  in  a  virtual  age.     It  is  getting  dark,  though,  and  Anoushka  wants  to  clear  the  highway  while  there   is  still  some  daylight  left.  India  is  not  a  safe  place  for  women  even  after  so  many   laws   ensuring   their   safety   have   been   passed.   The   highway   traverses   through   swathes   that   Census   2011   had   highlighted   as   having   the   lowest   child   sex   ratio.   Today,  it  means  these  villages  are  teeming  with  young  men  of  marriageable  age,   but  with  even  fewer  girls  to  marry  than  there  were  a  decade  ago.  Sexual  violence   is  a  way  of  life  here.     As   she   buzzes   into   her   apartment,   Anoushka   sees   her   grandmother   and   Ria   watching  news  on  their  new  3D  television  set  that  doesn't  require  those  clunky   goggles.  “Mamma,  who  do  you  think  will  reach  Mars  first,  the  American  man  or   the   Russian   woman?”   asks   Ria.   The   newscaster,   meanwhile,   has   moved   on   to   the   next   bulletin.   “They   are   saying   that  this  will  be  the  first  ice-­‐free  summer  in  the   Arctic.   Tour   operators   are   already   planning   Arctic   cruises   in   the   next   few   years....”   Grandmother   muses:   “Will   they   have   discounts   for   centenarians?   I   am   turning  a  hundred  in  five  years  from  now.”       Shivananda  R  Koteshwar,  PhD  Research  Scholar,  Bangalore  University