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RC:: Presentation of the online free class


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  • 1. Don’t read: Revolutionary technique for solving RC for GRE, GMAT & CAT
    By: Satyadhar Joshi
  • 2. Contents of Plan
    General areas of RCs
    Predefined strategy
    Pre knowledge
    Skim to find author’s tone
    Get to the question, read it carefully and eliminate options. Never select always remove
    Diplomatic: Author is always diplomatic and so is the answer i.e. Never are things in extreme direction
  • 3. Time strategy with the RCs
    In GRE there are 30 questions in 30 minutes, if someone do the antonyms fast enough we have around 10 min for 7 RC question. Thus we have around 1.5 minutes for one RC questions.
    But, we cannot go back to questions in GRE and GMAT therefore the first question must be done carefully in more than 1.5 minutes, hence I suggest that you practice to read the paragraph in around 2.5 minutes before moving the questions
    Statistically 3 question in 5 min, 4 question RC may be done in 7 minutes & 5 question in 8 min
  • 4. ETS says:
    Reading comprehension questions measure your ability to read with understanding, insight and discrimination. This type of question explores your ability to analyze a written passage from several perspectives. These include your ability to recognize both explicitly stated elements in the passage and assumptions underlying statements or arguments in the passage as well as the implications of those statements or arguments.
  • 5. ETS says:
    Pay attention to the following as you review the passage:
    the function of a word in relation to a larger segment of the passage
    the relationships among the various ideas in the passage
    the relationship of the author to the topic or to the audience.
    You will find five types of reading comprehension questions to answer:
    the main point of the passage
    information explicitly stated in the passage
    information or ideas implied or suggested by the author
    possible applications of the author's ideas to other situations, including the identification of situations or processes analogous to those described in the passage
    the author's logic, reasoning, or persuasive techniques
  • 6. ETS says:
    You should analyze each passage carefully before answering the accompanying questions. As with any kind of close and thoughtful reading, look for clues that will help you understand less explicit aspects of the passage. Try to separate main ideas from supporting ideas or evidence. Try also to separate the author's own ideas or attitudes from information he or she is presenting.
    Note transitions from one idea to the next, and examine the relationships among the different ideas or parts of the passage. For example, are they contrasting? Are they complementary? Consider the points the author makes, the conclusions drawn, and how and why those points are made or conclusions are drawn.
    The best answer is the one that most accurately and most completely answers the questions being posed. Be careful not to pick an answer choice simply because it is a true statement. Be careful also not to be misled by answer choices that are only partially true or only partially satisfy the problem posed in the question.
    Answer the questions on the basis of the information provided in the passage. Do not rely on outside knowledge. Your own views or opinions may sometimes conflict with the views expressed or the information provided in the passage. Be sure that you work within the context of the passage. You should not expect to agree with everything you encounter in reading passages.
  • 7. RCs in GMAT
    What Is Measured
    Reading Comprehension questions measure your ability to understand, analyze, and apply information and concepts presented in written form. 
    This section evaluates the following abilities:
    Understanding words and statements in reading passages:  Questions of this type test your understanding of and ability to comprehend terms used in the passage and your understanding of the English language.
    Understanding the logical relationships between significant points and concepts in the reading passages:  Questions of this type ask you to determine the strong and weak points of an argument or to evaluate the importance of arguments and ideas in a passage.
    Drawing inferences from facts and statements in the reading passages:  Questions of this type ask you to consider factual statements or information and, on the basis of that information, reach a general conclusion.
    Understanding and following the development of quantitative concepts as they are presented in verbal material:  Questions of this type involve the interpretation of numerical data or the use of simple arithmetic to reach conclusions about material in a passage.
  • 8. Areas of RCs
    Science: Medicine, botany, zoology, chemistry, physics, geology, astronomy
    Humanities: Art, literature, music, philosophy, folk, philosophy
    Social Science: History, economics, sociology, government
    Tone is trying to convince or share his opinion
  • 9. Pre knowledge of the areas for GRE Reading comprehension
    1.    Biology and Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology
    2.    Psychology and basics of mind and behavior, how and where signals go and their effect on working on brain, child psychology
    3.    History of US and World: Civil War, African American, Slavery, Wars (Eng vs. France)
    4.    Communism and Capitalism with their important meanings
    5.    Literature: Poems, scriptures, plays, mythology etc… Example Milton’s work
    6.    Feminism and situation of women in world and US, esp Black female character
    7.    Philosophy and basics, Greek, Persian and other older mythology
    8.    Global warming, Recession, Job loss, Economics etc
    9.    Formation of us and immigration from England
    10. Female poets
    11. Critics and implications from historical prospective
    12. US history from 1650-1700, 1700-1800 and 1800-1900 and issues
    13. Sociology
    14. All genre of novels and also novels and style of various writers
    15. Sound and related folks old things , folk arts , what is jazz and different type of music
    16. Bronze age, iron age
    17. Marxist Ideology and old and new labor laws for economics also, also industrialism
    18. Anthropology
    19. US civil wars, African Americans, Indian Americans, Mexican  American artists
    20. Human relations
    21. Spanish Language and its evolutions or in fact all languages
    22. Biographies
    23. Photography and sculptures
    24. Public Administration of power distribution between kings and other men
    25. Renaissance
    26. Russia vs. America
    27. Movies how they started in USA
  • 10. Ability to concentrate.
    Yoga and meditation
    Spacing out, drifting off, falling asleep, etc
  • 11. Diplomatic Language
    Diplomatics is the "science of diplomas, or of ancient writings, literary and public documents, letters, decrees, charters, codicils, etc., which has for its object to decipher old writings, to ascertain their authenticity, their date, signatures, etc."
  • 12. Tactics: Strategy
    Read questions and then read passage
    Learn major question types and technical terms
    Main ideas depends on first and last lines of each paragraph
    Don’t be too specific or too broad
    Be careful to understand tone: Author is always diplomatic and political
    Inferences are tough, see what passage implies and not what it states
    Put yourself in author’s page: He generally tells the story for a purpose
  • 13. Addition to the strategy
    Writing techniques are: Comparing vs Contrasting
    Show case effect
    State a position and then examples
    Tones: Positive, negative or neutral (mostly it is neutral)
    Focus on adjectives
    Answer is not emotional, not extreme, and not grammatically wrong
  • 14. Track Words
    Example: but, since, therefore,etc
  • 15. Importance of Pivotal / Triggering Words
    Loud and speak these words with care and effort: but, however, although, except
    While in pace reading you may forget these words
    They helps to find authors attitude, complexity involved, significance points, strong opinions, weak and unsupported points
  • 16. Fast reading concepts
    Eye movement
    Non-lip and no-voice reading
    Varying the pace here and there
    Same energy level
    Developing interest and understand how they squeezed all the information to one RC, it’s a tough job to do that so enjoy your time
  • 17. Put yourself in authors position
    ETS revelations: Big book and Real 19
    Various Exams GRE vs GMAT vs TOEFL
    Distributions of areas
    Time, Details and Focus
  • 19. Common Questions asked:
    Main idea
    Attitude of writer
    Author says
    Author does not say
    Implied meaning
    Title of passage
  • 20. Advanced concepts: changing seats
    Outside knowledge always help but don’t apply it to the RC
    Inside knowledge is also helpful, means ETS ways of writing RC
    This is not business reading, not normal reading not novel reading, this is ETS reading
    Optimizing scratch paper usage if necessary
    Learn to pick and detect the use of Yin Yang words
    POE is a great weapon
    Detect vague answers with the help of: Sometimes, can, may, most, usually
  • 21. Power of Elimination (POE)
    Author is mostly and careful in taking a diplomatic stand while discussing his ideas, views and contention.
    Extremism is rarely present in any part of the discussion
    Author generally generalizes the answer
    WWE Elimination Chamber
  • 22. Basics of Business Judgment
    This is the most important form of problems posed under the BJ section. You will be
    given different conclusions / statements / assumptions / items and would be required
    to classify each of these under one of the following categories viz.
    1. MAJOR OBJECTIVE: An objective is a final result desired by someone. Hence a
    major objective is the most important result desired. It is the aim or the major
    purpose of some action.
    2. MAJOR FACTOR: A factor is used to determine the decision. Thus a major factor
    is a basic factor influencing a decision. It might affect the basic reason for some
    3. MINOR FACTOR: It is a secondary/less important factor affecting the decision
    taking process.
    4. MAJOR ASSUMPTION: It is the basic/primary assumption made by the decision
    maker in order to make the decision.
    5. UNIMPORTANT ISSUE: It is not significantly related to the decision making
  • 23. Art of War (RC): Understand your enemy
    What is his constrains
    And limitations
    War on with ETS to get the RCs correct
  • 24. Greek Mythology for RC
  • 25. Practice with me
    While the online classes get: scratch paper to add one word for each paragraph, eliminating options.
    Test and practice this all with me!!!!
    Join the next session for Practice
    Example RCs from big book
  • 26. Examples
    Arts & History
    Business & Economy
    Science & Engineering
  • 27. References
    GRE Barrons
    GRE Nova
    Cracking the GMAT
    How to read better and faster