The Revolutionary Generals in the Presidency <ul><li>Deaths-In 1919 Emiliano Zapata was killed by the Constitutionalist troops. Also, at Tlaxcalantongo in the state of Puebla Carranza was murdered in 1920. </li></ul><ul><li>General Obregon and his followers, now directed the revolution. The generals were of middle class and understood the demands of the masses. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Obregon - co-opted revolutionary soldiers and self appointed generals by incorporating them into the federal army. He also offered them retirement with pay. By the end of his term, he had created a fragile balance between the Federal government, military politicians, organized labor, and agrarians. </li></ul>
<ul><li>1924 = Problem: Who would be the president’s successor? Obregon wanted to run again but was afraid that he would cause a rebellion for not following re-election rules. </li></ul><ul><li>The new president elect Elias Calles , viewed organized labor as the foundation of government. He received support from the labor class. </li></ul>
<ul><li>To ensure the loyalty of the workers and peasantry Calles convinced them that the church stood against the revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>He established a national church, the Mexican Apostolic Church, yet the catholic church remained functioning. </li></ul>
Leads to: <ul><li>The Cristero Rebellion(1926-29)= the showdown between the Catholic Church and Calles. The rebellion threatened to turn international opinions against Mexico. And president elect Obregon was assassinated in 1928. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Three Presidents: </li></ul><ul><li>President Portis Gil- He resolves the dispute with the Catholic Church and improved public education. </li></ul><ul><li>President Pascaual Ortiz Rubio- Calles remained mainly in charge and Rubio himself held little power. Calles forces him to resign. </li></ul><ul><li>President Abelardo Rodriguez- determined to distance the presidency from Calles. He was commited to commission sturdy wages throughout Mexico. He also created a Labor Department that reported directly to him. </li></ul>
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