View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
The origins of chocolate can be traced back to the ancient Maya and Aztec civilisations in Central America, who first enjoyed 'chocolatl'; a much-prized spicy drink made from roasted cocoa beans.
Cocoa beans were valuable, they were given as gifts on occasions such as a child coming of age and at religious ceremonies.
Chocolate comprises a number of raw and processed foods produced from the seed of the tropical cacao tree. Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennia in Mexico, Central and South America, with its earliest documented use around 1100 BC.
Chocolate is created from the cocoa bean. A cacao tree with fruit pods in various stages of ripening.
''Chocolate' (in the form of a luxury drink) was consumed in large quantities by the Aztecs : the drink was described as 'finely ground, soft, foamy, reddish, bitter with chilli water, aromatic flowers, vanilla and wild bee honey'.
An Italian traveller, Francesco Carletti , was the first to break the Spanish monopoly. He had visited Central America and seen how the Indians prepared the cocoa beans and how they made the drink, and by 1606 chocolate was well established in Italy.
A mug of hot chocolate. Chocolate was first drank rather than eaten .
The secret of chocolate was taken to France in 1615.
The French court enthusiastically adopted this new exotic drink, which was considered to have medicinal benefits as well as being a nourishing food. Gradually the custom of drinking chocolate spread across Europe, reaching England in the 1650s.
By early in the 18th century, the price of chocolate had dropped so many people outside of the wealthy class could enjoy it.
During this era, chocolate houses became as popular in England as coffee houses. In fact, there were chocolate houses that catered to only certain types of clientele such as politicians, gamblers, and the literati.
One interesting fact about chocolate in England was that the Quakers participated in this business very heavily. One reason was that the Quakers hoped to persuade the poor to give up drinking alcohol in favor of the healthier chocolate drink.
Types of chocolate Dark chocolate Sweet chocolate Milk chocolate White chocolate
Recent statistics from Swiss Chocolate Industrial Federation show that the total sales revenue from Chocolate made a historical record of 1.466 billion Swiss francs in 2005, with an increase of 7.5% compared with the previous year.
Lindt and Kraft Food’s Chocolates are the examples of Swiss Chocolates.
Chocolate contain theobromine, which is a mild relative of caffeine and magnesium. This chemical is found in some tranquilisers. Because coffee also contains caffeine, it both picks you up and calms you down.
It is widely believed that chocolate consumption releases a chemical into your body very similar to what is produced when you are in love.
Chocolate manufacturers use 20% of the worlds peanuts and 40% of the worlds almonds.