Cultivation of white milky mushroomfollowing point should be included :– A. Introduction B. History C. Cultivation practices
INTRODUTION:- Milky mushroom is new species. Scientifically known as Calocybe indica. It is robust, fleshy, milky white, umbrella like mushroom. It is suitable for hot and humid climate. Grow well in 25-35ºc temp. . It can be cultivated throughout the year.
Cultivation is very simple and less costrequired. Harvested 24 – 28 days after spawing. Crop cycle 45-50 days. Shelf life 3-5 days. Therefore easy to handling, transportation andstorage.
HISTORY:- It was reported for the 1sttime in India by Purkayasthaand Chandra (1974) Calocybe is small genus of 40 species Name is derive from Ancient Greek term kalos“pretty” and “head”
NUTRITIVE VALUE OF MUSHROOM:- Contain highest protein 17.2%. 64.24% carbohydrate,4.1% fat,4%solublesugar,2.9% starch, 7.43% ash. Good source of pyridoxine Vit.B₆. Low in calories, fat and sodium. High in crude fiber (3.4%)and essential minerals.
CUTIVATION PRACTICES:- Production of mushroom spawn substrate Bed preparation Casing Cropping Harvesting Yield
Flow chartChopped paddy straw 3-5 cm Soaked in cold water4-5 hr Drain out excess water
Hot water(3-4 hr)/chemical treatment with carbendazim and formalin Drain of excess water Drying at 60-70% moist level Prepared bed
Pining the beds Incubated bed for 12-13 days Apply casing Beds are to be incubatedRegularly sprayed water maintain 50-60% moisture levelPin heads appear 8-10 days after casing Harvesting after 3-5 days Packing and drying