Memory ppt

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Memory ppt

  1. 1. M is for Memory
  2. 2.  Memory in L2 acquisition  Sensory memory  Working memory  Long-term memory  Memorization Today’s presentation:
  3. 3. “There is no learning without memory, and language learning in particular.” Thornbury, S. (2006). An A-Z of ELT. Macmillan books for teachers series. Memory in L2 acquisition
  4. 4. Learning a language = learning a large amount of vocabulary Learning is, in most cases, a memory task Memory in L2 acquisition
  5. 5.  Having a good memory improves memory acquisition and increases aptitude to languages in general.  There are currently models of memory; sensory memory, working memory and long-term memory. Memory in L2 acquisition
  6. 6.  the shortest one, i.e. lasts only for seconds.  triggered by echo and visual impressions. Sensory memory
  7. 7. Working memory (short-term memory)  responsible for holding and processing information for only a short period of time.  information can come from an external source or it can be retrieved from long-term memory.  plays an important role in language acquisition (vocabulary, chunks, locating information from texts, etc.)
  8. 8.  The capacity is limited; it can process a limited amount of information at one time  Most cognitive tasks depend on working memory. Working memory (short-term memory)
  9. 9.  responsible for storing information in a more permanent way  has enormous capacity and durability  can be described as ‘storage units of information’ Long-Term Memory
  10. 10.  Information from working memory is stored in long term memory but can revert back to working memory when needed  Repetition is crucial in order to maintain information and prevent it from being lost.  One of the ways to maintain information is memorization. Long-Term Memory
  11. 11. Memory Model link to the website
  12. 12. “…The memorization of meaningful words and even sentences is now considered to be an essential ingredient of language learning.” Thornbury, S. (2006). An A-Z of ELT. Macmillan books for teachers series. Memorization
  13. 13.  Elaboration- in order to remember a word more effectively, one should process information more elaborately. Forms of Memorization
  14. 14.  Rehearsal- a mental recycling for the purpose of memorization.  Mnemonics- a trick to help retrieve items.  Word cards Forms of Memorization (cont.)
  15. 15.  Memory model website  The role of working memory in SLA  Thornbury, S. (2006). An A-Z of ELT. Macmillan books for teachers series. References

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