Subject verb agreement-(revised


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  • Introduction slide. For later– you’ve heard about them, can you spot…
  • This sentence is tricky because of the compound subject, which makes “side” easily confused for the subject.
  • Subject verb agreement-(revised

    1. 1. Subject-Verb AgreementUniversity Learning Center PC 247 / AC I 160 Developed by Chris Losa
    2. 2. Keep Your Eyes Open Althoughoften overlooked, problems with Subject- Verb Agreement are REAL! To help avoid these errors, we will discuss:How to make Subjects and Verbs agree in number,What to do with tricky subjects like Each and Every,What to do with compound subjects Learn to spot and correct these errors and become a
    3. 3. Recognizing Subjects and VerbsAcomplete sentence must have a SUBJECT and a VERB. The subject is the who or what that performs the action. The verb is the action word.
    4. 4. Spot the Subject and Verb The players on our side are strong. The players on our side are strong. Players is the subject and are is the verb. Once you’ve identified the Subject and the Verb, you have to make sure they agree in Number. Singular subjects require singular verbs and plural subjects require plural verbs.
    5. 5. What Next? An easy way to make your subjects and verbs agree is to think about the S. Usually, plural nouns end with the letter S and singular nouns do not. Verbs are the opposite: For the most part, singular verbs end with the letter S and plural verbs do not.
    6. 6. Therefore . . . The carS run, but the car runS. The plural noun cars takes the plural verb run. There is only one S in the pair. The singular noun car takes the singular verb runs. Again, There is only one S in the pair.
    7. 7. BEWARE Compound subjects do not end with S. Instead, compound subjects consist of two or more subjects joined by and. We treat these subjects like any other plural subject. The student and the instructor work long hours.
    8. 8. BEWARE Thestudent and the instructor work long hours. Thesubject consists of two people. Therefore, it is plural.
    9. 9. BEWARE BE CAREFUL! When subjects are joined by and and combine to form a single thing or person, they are treated like a singular subject. Usea singular verb with such compound subjects.
    10. 10. Example: Spaghetti and meatballs has a place on many menus. Spaghetti and meatballs is acting as a unit, as a singular subject.
    11. 11. Using Each and Every Each and Every are singular pronouns. Therefore, they require singular verbs. Every flying saucer was glowing.
    12. 12. Using Each and Every BEWARE! You always use a singular verb with each and every, even if they precede subjects joined by and. Each alien hand and foot leaves a distinct print.
    13. 13. Compound Subjects Joined By Words Like Or Be careful when your subjects are joined by the following words: or nor either. . . or neither . . . nor not only . . . but (also)
    14. 14. Compound Subjects Joined By Words Like Or Insuch cases, the verb agrees with the subject nearest it. Example: Either the instructors or the student knows the answer. Try to ignore everything before the final subject
    15. 15. Compound Subjects Joined By Words Like Or Either the instructors or the student knows the answer. The singular subject student requires the singular verb knows.
    16. 16. What if the Subject is an Indefinite Pronoun? Indefinite Pronouns refer to nonspecific people or things. They are usually singular and require singular verbs.
    17. 17. What if the Subject is an Indefinite Pronoun? Thefollowing common Indefinite Pronouns usually take singular verbs: Another each everything nothing anybody either neither somebody anyone every nobody someone anything everyone no one something
    18. 18. What if the Subject is an Indefinite Pronoun? BEWARE! A few indefinite pronouns— none, some, more, most, any, and all—can be either singular or plural, depending on the context. Example: Some of our streams are polluted; some pollution is reversible, but all pollution is a threat to nature
    19. 19. Making Verbs Agree With theAntecedents of Who, Which, and That When Who, Which, or That starts a clause, the verb agrees with the noun or pronoun to which Who, Which, or That refers (its Antecedent).
    20. 20. Making Verbs Agree With the Antecedents of Who, Which, and That Thescientist will share information with the students who work with her. George Jones is the student who works in the lab.
    21. 21. Using Singular Verbs with Titles and Terms Titlesand terms are treated as singular subjects–even if they contain plural words. Examples: Les Miserables is a popular musical. “Disciplinary measures” is a euphemism for punishment.
    22. 22. You’ve Been Warned See if you can spot Subject-Verb Agreement errors. Subjects and Verbs must agree in number. Be careful with subjects like Each and Every—these are singular. Pay close attention to subjects joined with words like and and or—these subjects can be either singular or plural.
    23. 23. Information Cited and Paraphrased fromTroyka, Lynn Q. Quick Access: Reference For Writers. 3rd Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001.
    24. 24. Thank You for Joining Us! You can also visit us at the learning center (PC 247 / AC I 160) or call to make an appointment with a tutor. UP: (305) 348-2180 BB: (305) 919-5927