EVERY VERB MUST AGREE WITH ITS SUBJECT PluralSingular SubjectSubject Singular Plural Verb Verb
The Stupidity of EnglishGrammar To make a noun plural, we add –s Singular: girl Plural: girls To make a verb plural, we take away the –s. Singular: he talks Plural: they talk
Watch the Verb Endings! Singular Plural I walk We walk You walk You walk He/She/It walk s They walk Joe walk s Joe and Maria walk The girl walk s The girls walk
Remember the 3 irregular verbs: DO Singular Plural He does They do HAVE She has They have BE He is They are She was They were
Tip for Subject/verb AgreementGenerally, if the subject doesn’tend in –S, the verb will.If the subject does end in –S,the verb won’t.
No –S on subject -S on verbThe girl dances.
-S on subjectThe girls dance. No –S on verb
Compound subjects joined by“and” If there are two or more subjects joined by and, the subject must be plural, so the verb will not get an “s”. No –S onExample verb The boy and the girl dance. (= They dance.)
Compound subjects joined by“or”If there are two or more subjects joined by or, the verb agrees with the part of the subject closest to it.Examples: The professor or the students walk the halls. The students or the professor walks the halls.
Watch out for “Everybody”• Everybody loves grammar!• Everybody understands subject/verbagreement.
Possible Pitfalls Sometimes, several words come between the subject and the verb. The student, though she had lots of problems inother schools, finds/find (?) her new class easy. The student, though she had lots of problems in other schools, finds her new class easy. The student finds her new class easy.
Prepositional phrasesThe subject can never be part of a prepositional phrase.Example XThe students in my class study / studies hard.
Possible PitfallsSometimes, the subject will come after the verb, in questions or when sentence begins with there .Examples Why is he falling asleep? Why are they falling asleep? There is no excuse for such behavior. There are no excuses for such behavior.
Possible PitfallsRelative Pronouns (who/which/that) can be either singular or plural, depending on the word they refer to. The student who works hard will succeed. The students who work hard will succeed.
How do I get this right? First, identify whether or not you have problems with subject/verb agreement. If you don’t have any problems with this, don’t worry about it! If you do have problems Identify the verb. Ask who or what is doing it. This will identify the subject. Say them together and make sure that they match in terms of number.
The subject and verb are theskeleton of every sentence. Makesure you fit those two importantparts together correctly!