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Subject verb agreement
 

Subject verb agreement

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    Subject verb agreement Subject verb agreement Presentation Transcript

    • SUBJECT-VERBAGREEMENT
    • EVERY VERB MUST AGREE WITH ITS SUBJECT PluralSingular SubjectSubject Singular Plural Verb Verb
    • The Stupidity of EnglishGrammar To make a noun plural, we add –s  Singular: girl  Plural: girls To make a verb plural, we take away the –s.  Singular: he talks  Plural: they talk
    • Watch the Verb Endings! Singular Plural I walk  We walk You walk  You walk He/She/It walk s  They walk  Joe walk s  Joe and Maria walk  The girl walk s  The girls walk
    • Remember the 3 irregular verbs: DO Singular Plural  He does They do HAVE  She has They have BE  He is They are  She was They were
    • Tip for Subject/verb AgreementGenerally, if the subject doesn’tend in –S, the verb will.If the subject does end in –S,the verb won’t.
    • No –S on subject -S on verbThe girl dances.
    • -S on subjectThe girls dance. No –S on verb
    • Compound subjects joined by“and” If there are two or more subjects joined by and, the subject must be plural, so the verb will not get an “s”. No –S onExample verb The boy and the girl dance. (= They dance.)
    • Compound subjects joined by“or”If there are two or more subjects joined by or, the verb agrees with the part of the subject closest to it.Examples: The professor or the students walk the halls. The students or the professor walks the halls.
    • Watch out for “Everybody”• Everybody loves grammar!• Everybody understands subject/verbagreement.
    • Possible Pitfalls Sometimes, several words come between the subject and the verb. The student, though she had lots of problems inother schools, finds/find (?) her new class easy.  The student, though she had lots of problems in other schools, finds her new class easy.  The student finds her new class easy.
    • Prepositional phrasesThe subject can never be part of a prepositional phrase.Example XThe students in my class study / studies hard.
    • Possible PitfallsSometimes, the subject will come after the verb, in questions or when sentence begins with there .Examples  Why is he falling asleep?  Why are they falling asleep?  There is no excuse for such behavior.  There are no excuses for such behavior.
    • Possible PitfallsRelative Pronouns (who/which/that) can be either singular or plural, depending on the word they refer to.  The student who works hard will succeed.  The students who work hard will succeed.
    • How do I get this right? First, identify whether or not you have problems with subject/verb agreement. If you don’t have any problems with this, don’t worry about it! If you do have problems  Identify the verb. Ask who or what is doing it.  This will identify the subject.  Say them together and make sure that they match in terms of number.
    • The subject and verb are theskeleton of every sentence. Makesure you fit those two importantparts together correctly!