Participles

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Participles

  1. 1. Participles What are participles? End with -ing Look at the verb table below and find out the answers.Infinitive past Present Past Participle Participlebore bored boring boredinterest interested interesting interested
  2. 2. Participles What are participles? End with -ed Look at the verb table below and find out the answers.Infinitive past Present Past Participle Participlebore bored boring boredinterest interested interesting interested
  3. 3. Participles used as adjectives Present participles are Examples : usually active1a. The boring teacher talked for hours.1b. The bored students fell asleep. Past participles are usually passive2a. I read an interesting magazine yesterday.2b. The magazine receives a lot of support from interested readers.
  4. 4. More examples:3a. It was an exciting concert.3b. The excited fans screamed during the concert.4a. Many young people experience troubling situations.4b. The Samaritan Befrienders Hong Kong receives calls from troubled young people.
  5. 5. Try exercise 1 & 2
  6. 6. Participle Phrases What is a participle phrase? A participle phrase is made up of a participle + object / meaningful expression. Example : A participle phrase describingWe get calls from young people the noun before, ie.worried about relationships. young people.
  7. 7. A phrase begins with a present More examples : participle.1a. Look at the boy. (Active)1b. Look at the boy climbing the tree.2a. The man has missed the bus. 2b. The man running down the street has missed the bus A phrase begins with a past participle. (Passive)3a. The fans stood up and danced.3b. The fans, excited by the concert, stood up and danced.
  8. 8. Participle phrases as adverbsWe can use participle phrases to join two ideastogether. HOW? An adverbial phraseExamples : giving a reasonFeeling upset and confused, the girl called the Samaritans Befrienders Hong Kong. Who feel upset & confused? The girl in the main course.
  9. 9. Notice the changes made. More examples :1a. The girl felt upset and confused. She called the Samaritan Befrienders Hong Kong.1b. Feeling upset and confused, the girl called the Samaritan Befrienders Hong Kong.
  10. 10. A participle phrase joining 2 actions which happen together.2a. Ellen listened to the girl. She wished she could help her.2b. Ellen listened to the girl, wishing she could help her. A participle phrase joining 2 actions, one of which happens during the other.3a. He was injured when he was crossing the road.3b. He was injured crossing the road.
  11. 11. Try exercise 3END

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