Compound Words
Compound words are formed when two or more words are put together to form a new
word with a new meaning. Co...
Ice cream

Grand jury

Cave in

Post office

Real estate

Middle class

Full moon

Attorney general

Half sister
Examples ...
options with the preferred choice listed first. The bottom line is that the only way to know for
sure how to spell compoun...
4.

Gerund + Noun:
Drawing

Drawing-room

Writing

Desk

Writing-desk

Looking

Glass

Looking-glass

Walking

Stick

Walk...
REFERENCES
Pam Marshall, ‘k12reader’, http://www.k12reader.com/compound-words/. Accessed April
25, 2013
http://www.tutorvi...
Kata Gabungan
Kata gabungan yang terbentuk ketika dua atau lebih kata-kata yang disatukan untuk
membentuk kata baru dengan...
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Compound words

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Compound words

  1. 1. Compound Words Compound words are formed when two or more words are put together to form a new word with a new meaning. Compounds are written sometimes as one word (sunglasses), sometimes as two hyphenated words (life-threatening), and sometimes as two separate words (football stadium). Compound words fall within three categories and it’s not unusual to find the same word in more than one group. Here are the three types of compound words with an explanation and examples of each: 1. Closed compound words are formed when two unique words are joined together. They don’t have a space between them and they are the type that generally comes to mind when we think of compound words. For example: Cannot Baseball Fireworks Grandmother Elsewhere Upside Together Sunflower Crosswalk Become Basketball Moonlight Football Railroad Anybody Weatherman Skateboard Earthquake Everything Sometimes Schoolhouse Upstream I love the fireworks on the fourth of July. Make sure you hold hands when you come to the crosswalk. The ocean was bathed in moonlight. Did you hear amount the terrible earthquake? The fireflies buzzed in the night sky. 2. Open compound words have a space between the words but when they are read together a new meaning is formed: 1
  2. 2. Ice cream Grand jury Cave in Post office Real estate Middle class Full moon Attorney general Half sister Examples : Ice cream is my favorite dessert. The line at the post office snaked all the way out the door and around the corner. Rhonda is my half sister. There must be a full moon out tonight. 3. Hyphenated compound words are connected by a hyphen. To avoid confusion, modifying compounds are often hyphenated, especially when they precede a noun such as in the case of part-time teacher, high-speed chase, and fifty-yard dash. When they come after the noun they are open compounds: a chase that is high speed, a teacher that is part time, etc. Comparative and superlative adjectives are hyphenated when they are compounded with other modifiers: the highest-priced computer, the lower-priced car. Adverbs that end in –ly and compounded with another modifier are not modified: a highly rated restaurant, a publically held meeting. Here are more examples of hyphenated compound words. One-half Mother-in-law Eighty-six One-third Merry-go-round Well-being Mass-produced Over-the-counter Daughter-in-law My mother-in-law is coming for a visit. The merry-go-round at the carnival thrilled Ella. Some over-the-counter drugs can have serious side effects. If you’re concerned for your well-being make sure you eat healthy foods and get plenty of exercise. It’s true the rules for compound words can be a bit ambiguous at times. The best thing to do when you have a question about a compound word is look it up. Often times you’ll find 2
  3. 3. options with the preferred choice listed first. The bottom line is that the only way to know for sure how to spell compounds is to consult an authoritative source: a good dictionary.1 Compound Words may be formed from 1. Noun + Noun: Examples: Chess Chessboard Moon Light Moonlight Mail Box Mailbox Post Man Postman Rail Way Railway Tooth Brush Toothbrush Girl Friend Girlfriend Butter 2. Board Milk Buttermilk Adjective + Noun: Examples: Soft Software Red Head Redhead Quick Silver Quicksilver Green House Greenhouse Short Hand Shorthand Noble 3. Ware Man Nobleman Verb + Noun: Break Breakfast Dare Devil Daredevil Pop Corn Popcorn Make Shift Makeshift Hang 1 Fast Man Hangman Pam Marshall, ‘k12reader’, http://www.k12reader.com/compound-words/. Accessed April 25, 2013 3
  4. 4. 4. Gerund + Noun: Drawing Drawing-room Writing Desk Writing-desk Looking Glass Looking-glass Walking Stick Walking-stick Blotting 5. Room Paper Blotting paper Adverb(or Preposition) + Noun: Out Afterthought Thought Forethought Over Coat Overcoat Down Fall Downfall After Noon Afternoon In Mate Inmate By Pass By pass Draw Back Drawback Lock Up Lock-up Go Between Go-between Die Hard Die-hard Send Off Send-off Out Set Outset Up Keep Upkeep Out Cry Outcry In Come Income Out Come Outcome Out 2 Thought Fore 7. Outlaw After 6. Outlaw Put Output Verb + Adverb: Adverb+Verb : 2 http://www.tutorvista.com/english/example-of-compound-words. Acessed, April 25, 2013 4
  5. 5. REFERENCES Pam Marshall, ‘k12reader’, http://www.k12reader.com/compound-words/. Accessed April 25, 2013 http://www.tutorvista.com/english/example-of-compound-words. Acessed, April 25, 2013 5
  6. 6. Kata Gabungan Kata gabungan yang terbentuk ketika dua atau lebih kata-kata yang disatukan untuk membentuk kata baru dengan makna baru. Kata majemuk jatuh dalam tiga kategori dan itu tidak biasa untuk menemukan kata yang sama dalam lebih dari satu kelompok. Berikut adalah tiga jenis kata majemuk dengan penjelasan dan contoh masing-masing: 1. Kata majemuk tertutup terbentuk ketika dua kata yang unik bergabung bersama-sama. Mereka tidak memiliki ruang antara mereka dan mereka adalah tipe yang umumnya datang ke pikiran ketika kita berpikir tentang kata majemuk. Sebagai contoh: 2. Kata majemuk Terbuka memiliki ruang antara kata-kata tetapi ketika mereka membaca bersama-sama arti baru terbentuk: 3. Kata majemuk tanda penghubung dihubungkan dengan tanda hubung. Untuk menghindari kebingungan, senyawa memodifikasi sering ditulis dgn tanda penghubung, terutama ketika mereka mendahului kata benda seperti dalam kasus guru paruh waktu, kecepatan tinggi mengejar, dan lari lima puluh meter. Ketika mereka datang setelah kata benda mereka adalah senyawa terbuka: pengejaran yang kecepatan tinggi, seorang guru yang merupakan bagian waktu, dll kata sifat Perbandingan dan superlatif hyphenasi ketika mereka diperparah dengan pengubah lain: harga tertinggi komputer, rendah- harga mobil. Keterangan yang berakhir pada-ly dan diperparah dengan modifikator lain tidak dimodifikasi: sebuah restoran yang sangat dinilai, pertemuan publik diadakan. Memang benar aturan untuk kata majemuk dapat sedikit ambigu di kali. Hal terbaik yang harus dilakukan ketika Anda memiliki pertanyaan tentang kata majemuk adalah mencarinya. Sering kali Anda akan menemukan pilihan dengan pilihan yang lebih disukai terdaftar pertama. Intinya adalah bahwa satu-satunya cara untuk mengetahui dengan pasti bagaimana mengeja senyawa adalah untuk berkonsultasi dengan sumber otoritatif: kamus yang baik. Kata benda majemuk dapat dibentuk dari 6

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