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New Media Presentation

  1. 1. Blogging for democracy by John W. Maynor<br />North Belgian extreme right discourses<br />Radical pluralism and free speech in online public spaces by Bart Cammaerts<br />Chen-ting Chen, Shine Lyui <br />
  2. 2. Bart Cammaerts<br />Master’s degree in Political Science; PhD in Social Science.<br />Now a senior lecturer in the Media and Communications Department of the London of Economics and Political Science.<br />(http://www2.lse.ac.uk/media@lse/whosWho/AcademicStaff/bartcammaerts.aspx)<br />
  3. 3. John Maynor<br /><ul><li>Associate Professor at MTSU
  4. 4. Works in areas of contemporary political philosophy and the history of political thought
  5. 5. Specialized in civic republican theory</li></ul>( http://www.mtsu.edu/politicalscience/faculty/jm.shtml )<br />
  6. 6. Public Sphere<br />The concept wascreated by Jurgen Habermas who is a German sociologist and philosopher.<br />An arena for citizen to freely discuss and deliberate about political/social issues.<br />People in public sphere are equal and rational.<br />
  7. 7. Blogosphere<br /><ul><li>Allows access to others.
  8. 8. A new medium to create and enhance political discourse.
  9. 9. A new form of public space.
  10. 10. “Talk centric”
  11. 11. Digital divide makes it a supplement to more established forums of deliberative democracy.</li></li></ul><li>Deliberative Democracy<br />A system in which citizens use deliberative procedure to make political/social decisions.<br />In deliberative democracy, people pursue common interests instead of personal interests.<br />Everyone is equal and rational.<br />From “vote centric” to “talk centric”<br />
  12. 12. Freedom of Speech<br />Freedom of speech is protected by the First Amendment in the US.<br />European countries, Canada, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand have stringent laws about hate speech.<br />
  13. 13. Cyberbalkanization <br />The isolation of likeminded individuals<br />Fragmentation and polarization<br />Diverse opinions should be encouraged<br />
  14. 14. Public Reason and Civility<br />Acceptable arguments only<br />Civility a requirement<br />CoC and CommResp help to achieve the ideal<br />The question remains whether free speech is enhanced by civility<br />
  15. 15. Discussion: Hate speech is protected by the First Amendment in the U.S. and limited in many European countries such as Belgium<br />
  16. 16. Discussion: The irreconcilable nature of defining freedom<br />
  17. 17. WBC official website <br />WBC Blogs<br />Discussion: Blog – Private or Public?<br />
  18. 18. Stormfront<br />White Pride World Wide<br />Demonstration of a strong racist community that exists worldwide.<br />Created by Don Black, a former member of American Nazi Party and a Grand Wizard in KKK.<br />
  19. 19. Danish Cartoons<br />Danish cartoons were published by Jyllands-Posten, a Danish newspaper.<br /> The newspaper was investigated and did not violate the law.<br />(http://atheistkiwi.wordpress.com/2008/02/14/danish-cartoon-of-mohammad-reprinted/)<br />
  20. 20. Cammaerts’ Conclusions<br />It is difficult to define what hate speech is.<br />Censorship tends to backfire on democracy.<br />We might be able to remove hate speech from the public sphere by censorships and technology. However, the root of hate ideology still exists.<br />
  21. 21. Maynor’s Conclusions<br />Blogging as a form of deliberative democracy, stresses conversation between participants in blogosphere.<br />Blogosphere is free, fair and open when deemed supplemental<br />Online discussion as a means to combat the 3Vs<br />Blogging with the help of CoC and suchlike has the potential to flourish<br />
  22. 22. Our Conclusions<br />Law is only able to regulate morality to the least extent.<br />Almost impossible to incorporate morality into law due to its subjectivity.<br />Moral issues be addressed through education.<br />Religion as a supplement.(Faith and Order: The Reconcilation of Law and Religion by Harold J. Berman)<br />Promote what is agreed upon universally. (Mindy)<br />
  23. 23. References<br />Cammaerts, B.. (2009). Radical Pluralism and Free Speech in Online Public Spaces. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 12:6, 555-575. <br />Maynor, J. B.. (2009). Blogging for Democracy: Deliberation, Autonomy, and Reasonableness in the Blogosphere. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 12:3, 443-468.<br />

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