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5 themes of geography

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The 5 themes of geography

The 5 themes of geography

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  • 1. 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY Created by: Roiden Fredrich M. Fernandez LESSON 1 GROUP 1
  • 2.  Provides an effective organization of the teaching of geography.  Provides an organizing framework for the presentation of geographic materials.  Adopted in 1984 by the National Council for Geographic Education and the Association of American Geographers Five Themes of Geography
  • 3. Five Themes of Geography
  • 4. 1. LOCATION used to identify a point or an area on the Earth’s surface or elsewhere. Location can be absolute or relative. THEME 1
  • 5. Latitude Latitude (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
  • 6. Longitude Longitude (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians. .
  • 7. Latitude and Longitude
  • 8. Absolute Location A location can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude Example: Coordinates of CMULHS 7° 51′ 2″ N, 125° 2′ 59″ E (Read as 7 degrees 51 minutes 2 seconds NORTH And 125 degrees 2 minutes 59 seconds EAST)
  • 9. Relative Location Relative location is the location of a place relative to another place (ie south, north, downhill, or uphill.)
  • 10. 2. PLACE Describes the human and physical characteristics of a location. THEME 2
  • 11. Physical characteristics Includes a description such things as the mountains, rivers, beaches, topography, and animal and plant life of a place.
  • 12. Human characteristics Includes the human-designed cultural features of a place, from land use and architecture to forms of livelihood and religion to food and folk ways to transportation and
  • 13. 3. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION This theme considers how humans adapt to and modify the environment. Humans shape the landscape through their interaction with the land; this has both positive and negative effects on the environment. THEME 3
  • 14. Examples of Human-Environment Interaction Winter Summer Places attracts people for different reasons. Wearing light clothing in hot places and warm clothing for cool places.
  • 15. 4. MOVEMENT This theme studies movement and migration across the planet. THEME 4
  • 16. Examples of Movement Migration of Homo Sapiens Transportation
  • 17. 5. REGION Region divides the world into manageable units for geographic study. Regions have some sort of characteristic that unifies the area. Regions can be formal, functional, or vernacular. THEME 5
  • 18. Formal Region Formal regions are those that are designated by official boundaries, such as cities, states, counties, and countries. For the most part, they are clearly indicated and publicly known.
  • 19. Functional Region Functional regions are defined by their connections. For example, the Regions of the Philippines.
  • 20. Vernacular Region Vernacular regions are perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East;" they have no formal boundaries but are understood in our mental maps of the world. Examples; 1. Citizens of the United States are generally known as Americans from America. 2. Filipino’s speak Tagalog