Zoology Review Fisheries & Wildlife
Terms <ul><li>Biology – Study of living things </li></ul><ul><li>Botany – Study of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Zoology – Stud...
Classification <ul><li>Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>This class is focused on the phylum  Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Chordata...
Vertebrata <ul><li>5 classes of vertebrates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amphibians </li></ul></...
Animal Behaviors & Habits <ul><li>Behaviors allow animals to live in their habitats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way they fee...
Animal Structure or Anatomy <ul><li>The anatomy of an animal enables it to survive in its habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Th...
Animal Nutrition & Digestion <ul><li>Most animals have a simple stomach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food is broken down by enzym...
Common Factors <ul><li>All animal digestion occurs with nutrients being carried by water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the di...
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Zoology review 1

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Zoology review 1

  1. 1. Zoology Review Fisheries & Wildlife
  2. 2. Terms <ul><li>Biology – Study of living things </li></ul><ul><li>Botany – Study of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Zoology – Study of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Fauna – the animals that live in an area </li></ul><ul><li>Flora – the plants that live in an area </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classification <ul><li>Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>This class is focused on the phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Chordata has a subphylum called vertebrata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals with a backbone, skull, and spinal cord </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Vertebrata <ul><li>5 classes of vertebrates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amphibians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reptiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammals </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Animal Behaviors & Habits <ul><li>Behaviors allow animals to live in their habitats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way they feed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way they protect themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way they reproduce </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behaviors may be learned or instinctual </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviors allow animals to adapt to changes </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviors allow animals to form a niche </li></ul><ul><li>A niche is a role that an animal plays in its habitat </li></ul>
  6. 6. Animal Structure or Anatomy <ul><li>The anatomy of an animal enables it to survive in its habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way it moves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way it eats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wolves have canine and incisor teeth that allow them to eat meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deer have a ruminant digestive tract that allow them to eat grass and leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ducks have a flat bill that allow them to scoop food from water </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Animal Nutrition & Digestion <ul><li>Most animals have a simple stomach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food is broken down by enzymes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruminants have a multiple compartment stomach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria in the rumen ferment foods high in fiber </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birds use a crop and a gizzard to break down food before it reaches the stomach </li></ul>
  8. 8. Common Factors <ul><li>All animal digestion occurs with nutrients being carried by water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the digestive tract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Into the blood stream </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the blood stream nutrients are carried to cells where they are used for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul></ul>
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