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pruning

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Transcript

  • 1. Pruning Tree: Crape Myrtle Term: Pruning
  • 2. Crape Myrtle Lagerstoemia
    • Deciduous Flowering Tree
    • Hardiness Zones: 7 to 10
    • Height: 5 – 30’
    • Exposure: full sun
    • Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple, Red, White
    • Bloom Time: Mid summer to Mid Fall
    • Relatively drought tolerant
    • Grow very fast!
    • Has very showy summer flowers and attractive bark
    • Should be pruned to multiple stems with all branches below 3 -4’ removed
  • 3. Pruning
    • The removal of living plant tissue to stimulate growth, remove dead tissue, or reshape a shrub or tree.
  • 4. Crape Myrtle Cultivars
    • Vary in size
    • Vary in color
    • Vary in fall color
    • Vary in bark color
    • Vary in growth habits
    • Varieties
  • 5. Tutorial
    • Go to this website
    • Go thru the tutorial
  • 6. 5 Harmful Cuts
    • Topping
    • Tipping
    • Bark ripping
    • Flesh Cutting
    • Stub setting
  • 7. Pruning
    • Removes Apical Dominance
    • Makes plants bushier
  • 8. Types of pruning cuts
    • Heading:
    • Cut end of stem off
    • Thinning:
    • Remove back to trunk or large stem
  • 9. Heading cuts
    • Cut just above a bud
    • Get new growth at the tips
    • Crape Myrtles
  • 10. Other techniques
    • Pollarding
    • Topping
  • 11. Espalier
    • Pruning trees to make the 2 dimensional
  • 12. Thinning cuts
    • Cut whole branches to the stem or trunk
    • Get more vigorous growth on the remaining branches
    • Important on fruit trees
  • 13. Spacing
  • 14. What to remove? This will be on the exam!
  • 15. Heading Cut: Where to cut
  • 16. Thinning Cut: Where to cut?
  • 17. How to cut large branches
  • 18. Tools
    • A good pair of pruning shears is probably one of the most important tools. Cuts up to 3/4 inches in diameter may be made with them
  • 19. Tools
    • Lopping shears are similar to pruning shears, but their long handles provide greater leverage needed to cut branches up to 11/2 inches in diameter
  • 20. Hedge Shears
    • Hedge shears are meant only for pruning hedges, nothing else. They usually cut succulent or small stems best. Cut multiple small stems with each stroke.
  • 21. Hand Saws
    • Hand saws are very important for cutting branches over 1 inch in diameter. Many types of hand saws are available. Special tri-cut or razor tooth pruning saws cut through larger branches — up to 4 inches in diameter — with ease
  • 22. Pole Saws
    • Pole saws allow for extended reach with a long handle, but they must be used carefully as it’s difficult to achieve clean cuts with them
  • 23. When to prune
    • Spring flowering shrubs & trees – right after blooming
      • Flower on last years growth
    • Summer flowering shrubs & trees – in dormant season
      • Decrease opportunity for disease
    • When in doubt prune when dormant
  • 24. Crape Myrtle
  • 25. Draw where to prune Put in your notebook