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pruning

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  • 1. Pruning Tree: Crape Myrtle Term: Pruning
  • 2. Crape Myrtle Lagerstoemia <ul><li>Deciduous Flowering Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Hardiness Zones: 7 to 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 5 – 30’ </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple, Red, White </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Time: Mid summer to Mid Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Grow very fast! </li></ul><ul><li>Has very showy summer flowers and attractive bark </li></ul><ul><li>Should be pruned to multiple stems with all branches below 3 -4’ removed </li></ul>
  • 3. Pruning <ul><li>The removal of living plant tissue to stimulate growth, remove dead tissue, or reshape a shrub or tree. </li></ul>
  • 4. Crape Myrtle Cultivars <ul><li>Vary in size </li></ul><ul><li>Vary in color </li></ul><ul><li>Vary in fall color </li></ul><ul><li>Vary in bark color </li></ul><ul><li>Vary in growth habits </li></ul><ul><li>Varieties </li></ul>
  • 5. Tutorial <ul><li>Go to this website </li></ul><ul><li>Go thru the tutorial </li></ul>
  • 6. 5 Harmful Cuts <ul><li>Topping </li></ul><ul><li>Tipping </li></ul><ul><li>Bark ripping </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Stub setting </li></ul>
  • 7. Pruning <ul><li>Removes Apical Dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Makes plants bushier </li></ul>
  • 8. Types of pruning cuts <ul><li>Heading: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut end of stem off </li></ul><ul><li>Thinning: </li></ul><ul><li>Remove back to trunk or large stem </li></ul>
  • 9. Heading cuts <ul><li>Cut just above a bud </li></ul><ul><li>Get new growth at the tips </li></ul><ul><li>Crape Myrtles </li></ul>
  • 10. Other techniques <ul><li>Pollarding </li></ul><ul><li>Topping </li></ul>
  • 11. Espalier <ul><li>Pruning trees to make the 2 dimensional </li></ul>
  • 12. Thinning cuts <ul><li>Cut whole branches to the stem or trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Get more vigorous growth on the remaining branches </li></ul><ul><li>Important on fruit trees </li></ul>
  • 13. Spacing
  • 14. What to remove? This will be on the exam!
  • 15. Heading Cut: Where to cut
  • 16. Thinning Cut: Where to cut?
  • 17. How to cut large branches
  • 18. Tools <ul><li>A good pair of pruning shears is probably one of the most important tools. Cuts up to 3/4 inches in diameter may be made with them </li></ul>
  • 19. Tools <ul><li>Lopping shears are similar to pruning shears, but their long handles provide greater leverage needed to cut branches up to 11/2 inches in diameter </li></ul>
  • 20. Hedge Shears <ul><li>Hedge shears are meant only for pruning hedges, nothing else. They usually cut succulent or small stems best. Cut multiple small stems with each stroke. </li></ul>
  • 21. Hand Saws <ul><li>Hand saws are very important for cutting branches over 1 inch in diameter. Many types of hand saws are available. Special tri-cut or razor tooth pruning saws cut through larger branches — up to 4 inches in diameter — with ease </li></ul>
  • 22. Pole Saws <ul><li>Pole saws allow for extended reach with a long handle, but they must be used carefully as it’s difficult to achieve clean cuts with them </li></ul>
  • 23. When to prune <ul><li>Spring flowering shrubs & trees – right after blooming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower on last years growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Summer flowering shrubs & trees – in dormant season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease opportunity for disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When in doubt prune when dormant </li></ul>
  • 24. Crape Myrtle
  • 25. Draw where to prune Put in your notebook

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