Botany unit plants

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Botany unit plants

  1. 1. Botany<br />Plants to Know<br />Geraniums, Dusty Miller, Butterfly Bush, Sedum, Salvia, Day Lily, Heuchera, Yucca, Pansy, Ornamental Grass<br />
  2. 2. Butterfly BushBuddleia<br />Flowering Shrub<br />USDA Hardiness Zone 5 - 10<br />Full Sun<br />Drought Tolerant<br />Grows 5' to 10' tall and produces large arching canes with lavender, pink, purple white blooms all summer<br />A rather unkempt growth habit. <br />Can grow 5' to 8' from the ground in a single season <br />Attracts birds & butterflies. Cut flowers<br />Can become invasive<br />
  3. 3. Daylily<br />Genus: Hemerocallis<br />Very adapatable perennials <br />Grows best in full sun – tolerates some shade<br />Thousands of cultivars – many producers specialize in daylilies only.<br />Many varieties will bloom all summer<br />Orange & yellow are most common – purples and pinks are rarer but available<br />Deer favorite<br />Flowers only last one day<br />
  4. 4. Dusty MillerSenecio cineraria<br />Plant type: Interior Plant, Perennial <br />USDA Hardiness Zones: 8a to 10a <br />Height: 12" to 24" , Spread: 6-8" <br />Exposure: full sun <br />Bloom Color: White, Yellow, - Grown for foliage color<br />Bloom Time: summer <br />Leaf Color: Silvery <br />Growth Rate: average <br />Moisture: moist <br />Landscape Uses: Border, Container, Ground cover, Massing,<br />
  5. 5. Garden or Zonal GeraniumPelargonium x hortorum <br />Annual<br />Size: 12-18” tall & wide<br />USDA Zone 9-11<br />Full Sun<br />Blooms late Spring to early fall: red, white, pink<br />Uses: Containers, bedding<br />Propagate by cuttings<br />Not a true geranium<br />
  6. 6. True or Hardy GeraniumGenus: Geranium<br />Flowering Perennials<br />USDA Zone 4 – 8<br />Low growing 4” – 2’<br />Blooms Spring – summer, pinks, blues & purples<br />Part to full sun<br />Containers, Beds & Borders, Groundcover <br />
  7. 7. Heuchera<br />Common Name: Coral Bells <br />Plant type: Flowering Perennial <br />USDA Hardiness Zones: 4b to 9a <br />Height: 8" to 12" <br />Exposure: partial shade to partial sun <br />Flowers: Pink, White blooms, late spring to mid summer <br />Leaf Color: Purple, Silvery, orange, red, green <br />Uses: Bedding Plant, containers<br />
  8. 8. Ornamental Grass<br />Can be clump-forming or spreading<br />YOU DON’T WANT THE SPREADING TYPE<br />Full Sun<br />Grow 3’ – 8’ tall<br />Best varieties for Va.<br />Miscanthus – Silver grass or zebra grass<br />Pennisetum – Fountain grass (Annual in VA)<br />Pampas grass<br />Sea or River Oats<br />Best planted in spring<br />Low fertilizer & water requirements<br />Cut back to 4 -6” in late winter<br />Specimen or border – not a ground cover<br />
  9. 9. PansyViola x wittrockiana<br />Plant type: Annual, Perennial*<br />USDA Hardiness Zones: 7b - 11 <br />Height: 6" to 12”, Spread: 6 - 12" <br />Exposure: full sun, *part shade<br />Bloom Color: Blue, Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow <br />Bloom Time: Early to late spring, not summer, Mid fall to Early winter <br />Soil Condition: Loamy, Sandy, Neutral, Well drained <br />*Pansies are cool season flowers. They may or may not survive summer heat or winter cold.<br />
  10. 10. Salvia<br />Herbaceous, Flowering, Perennial or Annual<br />Common name: Sage<br />Hardiness: USDA Zones 7, 8 - 11. <br />Grows 3 – 5’ tall and wide, depends on variety<br />Blooms all summer.<br />Exposure: partial shade to full sun.<br />Propagation: Cuttings are fairly easy to root. Results are better with bottom heat.<br />Good for cut flowers & culinary uses<br />Attracts humming birds and butterflies<br />Strongly scented foliage <br />
  11. 11. Sedum “Autumn Joy”Stonecrop<br />Flowering perennial<br />USDA Hardiness Zone 4a – 9a<br />Full sun to part shade<br />18 – 30” tall & wide<br />Blooms: Pink, rust, red – summer, to late fall<br />Winter interest, attracts birds & butterflies<br />Uses: Border, Foundation, Massing, Rock garden<br />Many types of sedum<br />This is the largest<br />
  12. 12. Yucca<br />Perennial, Evergreen, Grass-like<br />Height: 18--36 in, Spacing: 36-48 in<br />Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a -10b<br />Sun Exposure: Full Sun<br />Bloom Color: Pale Yellow, White/Near White, <br />Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer<br />Other details: Drought-tolerant<br />Propagation Methods: By dividing or from seed<br />Landscape uses: Alpines and Rock Gardens<br />

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