• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
5 24 apples
 

5 24 apples

on

  • 567 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
567
Views on SlideShare
562
Embed Views
5

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0

2 Embeds 5

http://ubtech.wikispaces.com 4
http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    5 24 apples 5 24 apples Presentation Transcript

    • Pomology Plant: Apple Tree Term: Pomes
    • Apple tree: Malus domestica
      • Deciduous Tree
      • Requires full sun light
      • Mature size is 10 – 40 ft, but many dwarf and columnar varieties are available
      • Grows in any slightly acidic, well-drained soil
      • USDA zones: 4 – 9
      • Blooms in Mid-spring, fruit production mid-summer to mid fall depending on variety
      • Many cultivars
    • Pome:
      • A fleshy fruit, such as an apple, pear, or quince, having several seed chambers and an outer fleshy part largely derived from the hypanthium
    • Varieties (Cultivars)
      • How many can you think of
        • Red delicious
        • Golden delicious
        • Gala
        • Fuji
    • Most common Virginia Apples
      • McIntosh, Empire, Rome,
      • Red Delicious, Cortland, Gala,
      • Golden Delicious, Paula Red, Crispin,
      • Jonagold Jonamac, Jonathan
      • Winesap, Lodi, Fuji,
      • Arkansas Black York, Redfree,
      • Ginger Gold Early Crisp
    • Forms
      • Dwarf
      • Semi-dwarf
      • Columnar
      • Full Size
      • Espalier
    • Rootstock 2-3 Good 4 – 8 35% Mark or M9 2-4 Poor 8-12 50 M26 3-4 Fair 10-14 70 M7a 3-4 Excellent 12-16 80 MM.106 4-6 Excellent 14-18 85 MM.111 6 - 10 Excellent 15-18 100 Seedling Years to production Anchorage Spacing Tree size % Rootstock
    • Central Leader Form
    • Open form
      • Pruned to
    • Forming Apples
      • Apple blossoms form in Spring (May)
      • Cross pollinated by bees.
      • Ovules within the ovary become apple seeds.
      • The petals from the blossoms fall off & the ovary starts growing.
      • The ovary is surrounded by a thin protective layer. This layer eventually becomes the apple core.
      • The outer layer surrounding the ovary becomes the exocarp, or the eating part of the apple.
      • The calyx, stamens, and pistils become the dry, hairy part at the bottom of the apple.
    • Botany
    • Flower Parts
    • Winter Calendar
      • January
        • Order trees from nurseries.
        • Begin pruning apple trees.
      • February
        • Continue pruning.
        • Apply fertilizer 4 to 6 weeks before bloom.
      • March
        • Finish pruning.
        • Plant new trees.
    • Spring
      • April
        • Apply dormant oil spray , green tip, prepink, and pink spray s for insects and diseases.
        • Measures to control weeds should begin early in the season.
      • May
        • Install rodent guards around trunk of newly planted trees.
        • Thin fruit with chemicals or by hand.
        • Apply petal fall and first cover spray.
        • Remove fireblight strikes.
        • Discourage deer from eating young shoots by using commercially available repellents.
      • June
        • Apply second and third cover sprays.
        • Continue weed control.
        • Irrigate if soil is dry.
    • Summer calendar
      • July
        • Harvest early summer varieties.
        • Apply forth & fifth cover sprays.
        • Irrigate when soil is dry
      • August
        • Harvest summer varieties.
        • Continue weed control.
        • Apply sixth & seventh cover spray.
        • Irrigate when soil is dry.
      • September
        • Harvest early fall varieties.
        • Take soil samples to determine next year's fertilizer needs.
    • Fall
      • October
        • Harvest late varieties.
        • Remove fruit as they fall to ground. Remove and dispose of decaying, hanging fruit.
        • Check the ground around trees for mouse activity and take control measures
      • November
        • Apply lime if soil tests indicate a need.
        • Cover trunks and lower branches of young trees with white latex paint to reduce winter injury.
      • December
        • Update your record book for application dates for fertilizer and pesticides.
    • Pruning
      • Apple trees are normally pruned as central leader trees
    • Types of pruning cuts
      • Heading:
      • Thinning
    • Heading cuts
      • Cut just above a bud
      • Get new growth at the tips
    • Thinning cuts
      • Cut whole branches to the stem or trunk
      • Get more vigorous growth on the remaining branches
    • Where to cut
    • How to cut large branches