4 27 potted plant care


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4 27 potted plant care

  1. 1. Houseplants Plant: Croton Term: Topiary
  2. 2. Croton <ul><li>Genus: Codieaum </li></ul><ul><li>Requires Bright Light </li></ul><ul><li>Water: Keep soil moist at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity: High </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature: 70-80 </li></ul><ul><li>Problems/Pests: Over all a fussy plant </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate by cuttings </li></ul>
  3. 3. Topiary <ul><li>A plant that has been shaped into an artificial form </li></ul>
  4. 4. Caring for houseplants <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Most plants are killed by over-watering </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch the surface of the pot, the soil should be moist ½” down </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow leaves - too much water </li></ul>
  5. 5. Methods of Watering <ul><li>drench and let dry completely </li></ul><ul><li>drench and let dry slightly </li></ul><ul><li>keep media constantly moist </li></ul>
  6. 6. Temperature <ul><li>recommended temperature </li></ul><ul><li>50-85 F daytime </li></ul><ul><li>night - drop 10-15 below daytime temp </li></ul><ul><li>locate plants away from air-conditioners and drafts </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lighting: natural or artificial <ul><li>measured in foot candles or klux </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bright or direct sun – South facing window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtered light or partial shade – North facing window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low light – away from windows </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Light Spectrum <ul><li>Plants only use radiation energy in the visible spectrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll does not absorb in the green spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Artificial Lighting <ul><li>Incandescent bulbs don’t provide usable light to plants </li></ul><ul><li>Florescent bulbs provide light about 2’ from bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Grow lights provide more light in the correct wavelengths </li></ul>
  10. 10. Humidity <ul><li>% of moisture in the air </li></ul><ul><li>varies with seasons </li></ul><ul><li>low in the winter </li></ul>
  11. 11. Increase humidity by: <ul><li>spraying with fine mist </li></ul><ul><li>fill water tight tray with water and pea gravel, set plants in it </li></ul><ul><li>use a humidifier </li></ul><ul><li>place plants in the part of the house with the highest humidity </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fertilizers <ul><li>slow release </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small beads applied to the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nutrients are steadily released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plant absorbs nutrients as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoids over feeding </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Soluble fertilizer <ul><li>liquid or solid </li></ul><ul><li>dissolved in water before applying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish emulsions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miracle Gro </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Soil Mixture <ul><li>varies with each plant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African Violet Mix - sandy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orchid Mix – chunky: lots of bark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cactus mixes have sand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>organic matter helps to improve water holding capacity </li></ul><ul><li>perlite helps to keep the mix loose and easily drained </li></ul>
  15. 15. Containers <ul><li>drainage should be available – hole in the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>use well drained soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>put saucer under pot to protect furniture from water </li></ul>
  16. 16. Potting plants <ul><li>select appropriate container and soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>provide drainage - put rocks or put shards in the bottom of container </li></ul><ul><li>add potting mix to cover rocks </li></ul><ul><li>place plant in to check soil level </li></ul><ul><li>should be 1/2 inch below top of pot </li></ul><ul><li>fill remainder of container with media </li></ul>
  17. 17. Repotting <ul><li>repot plants when they become root bound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If roots are growing around the root ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots appear at the top of soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots push the plant out of the pot </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Repotting <ul><li>Separate roots to allow re-growth </li></ul><ul><li>If plant is blooming, wait until after flowering is completed </li></ul><ul><li>Select pot or container of the next larger size than the original </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Trim roots to make plant fit in old container </li></ul>
  19. 19. General Care: Leaves <ul><li>Clean occasionally with a fine spray of water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wipe top and underside of leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps to remove dust and insects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>do not use leaf shine products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clogs the stomata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>makes it hard for plants to breathe </li></ul></ul>
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