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4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
4 26 intro to vegetable gardening
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4 26 intro to vegetable gardening

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  • 1. Ag. Concepts Vegetable Gardens Day 1
  • 2. Vegetable Gardening <ul><li>Was once very common </li></ul><ul><li>Victory Gardens during WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming more common as people worry about pesticide and other chemical usage </li></ul>
  • 3. Types of Vegetables <ul><li>Warm Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peppers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cucumbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pumpkins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Okra </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cool Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaf vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabbage, broccoli </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carrots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turnips </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. When to Plant <ul><li>Warm Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After last frost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When soil is warm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May - July </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cool Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 planting seasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mature plants before July heat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mar - April </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After heat of July/Aug </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4-6 weeks before 1 st frost </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. Resources <ul><li>Average First Frost date Warrenton, Va: Oct. 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Last Frost date Warrenton, Va: April 28 </li></ul>
  • 6. Average Daily Temps
  • 7. PAR <ul><li>Plant a row for local food banks </li></ul><ul><li>Food banks frequently receive non-perishable foods, but almost never receive fresh foods </li></ul><ul><li>Plant a row encourages home gardeners to plant an extra row to help those in need </li></ul>
  • 8. Garden Project <ul><li>Select 10 vegetables that you like or that someone you know likes. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan a vegetable garden with enough of that vegetable to supply a family of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Determine when the vegetable is to be harvested </li></ul><ul><li>Determine when the vegetables should be planted </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the appropriate spacing for the plants </li></ul><ul><li>Determine how large the garden needs to be </li></ul>
  • 9. Begin by <ul><li>Selecting your 10 vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 warm season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 cool season </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research each and make a chart </li></ul>Potato chunks 6”, 3’ row Jun 24 Mar 24 Potatoes Transplant 3’ 85 days Jul 15 AFF 5/1 Tomatoes Bush, seed 4”, 2’ row 40 days Jun16 Weekly AFF 5/1 Beans Other Spacing Harvest Plant
  • 10. Lettuces &amp; Greens <ul><li>Leaf vegetables, Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lettuce, Spinach, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celery, rhubarb, chard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time to plant: Early Spring or late summer </li></ul><ul><li>Time to harvest: 30 - 45 days – before daily temperatures get above 75. </li></ul><ul><li>Will regrow after cutting until summer or frost </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing: Plant in rows 6-8” apart, thin to 4-6 inches between plants after seeds have sprouted </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy nitrogen feeders </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Season Plants </li></ul>
  • 11. Nightshade <ul><li>A family of toxic plants that includes: tomatoes, peppers, potatoes &amp; eggplants </li></ul><ul><li>All have poisonous leaves &amp; stems </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes &amp; eggplants should never be eaten green </li></ul><ul><li>Peppers and tomatoes have low levels of toxins when green </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes develop toxins when exposed to sunlight </li></ul>
  • 12. Cucurbit <ul><li>Family of plants that includes melons, squash, &amp; cucumbers. Grow on annual vines. Reseed easily </li></ul>
  • 13. Tomatoes <ul><li>Warm season – plant after all risk of frost </li></ul><ul><li>Two types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>determinate (grow to a set height and produce fruit all at once) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indeterminate (vines – produce all season) – need to stake and prune – need more care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best grown from transplant – not seed </li></ul><ul><li>Tomatoes can develop roots along their stem so plant deep for stronger roots </li></ul><ul><li>60 – 90 days from planting to harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Grow best in warm soil – use plastic mulch for early season warming </li></ul><ul><li>New thing is upside down tomatoes </li></ul>
  • 14. Peppers <ul><li>Warm season vegetable </li></ul><ul><li>Heat is caused by a chemical called capsaicin </li></ul><ul><li>Best grown from transplant – not seed </li></ul><ul><li>70 – 80 days from planting to harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Time to plant: after all frost risk </li></ul><ul><li>Grow best when soil temp above 70 &amp; air temp above 80 </li></ul><ul><li>Heat in peppers is measure on the Scoville scale </li></ul>
  • 15. Cucumbers <ul><li>Warm season </li></ul><ul><li>Grow from seed or transplant </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy feeders </li></ul><ul><li>50 – 70 days from planting to harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Can be trellised </li></ul><ul><li>Many varieties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pickling, straight, burpless, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disease &amp; pest susceptible </li></ul>
  • 16. Melons <ul><li>Warm season – (Hot) </li></ul><ul><li>Cantaloupe = muskmelon </li></ul><ul><li>Grow from seed or transplant </li></ul><ul><li>Long growing season – 80 – 100 days </li></ul><ul><li>Require lots of space </li></ul><ul><li>Apply straw or mulch under growing melons to avoid rot. </li></ul><ul><li>Most separate easily from the vine when ripe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watermelons – harder to tell – color change or thump </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highly fertile soil gives better flavored melons </li></ul><ul><li>Many species: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>watermelons, honeydews, muskmelon, </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Squash <ul><li>Warm season </li></ul><ul><li>Plant from seed or transplant </li></ul><ul><li>50 – 60 days to harvest for summer squashes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zucchini, crook-neck, patty-pan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvest when small for best flavor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>80 – 140 days for winter squash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pumpkins, gourds, winter squash </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. Peas <ul><li>Cool Season Vegetable </li></ul><ul><li>Sow as soon as soil is thawed &amp; dry in spring or in the shade of a taller plant in late summer </li></ul><ul><li>Grow best at soil temps 60 – 65 </li></ul><ul><li>Space 1” apart </li></ul><ul><li>Grow on trellises </li></ul><ul><li>Can tolerate light frost </li></ul><ul><li>Low nutrient requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Three main types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden, Snow, Sugar </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. Beans <ul><li>Warm season vegetable </li></ul><ul><li>Has higher water requirements than peas </li></ul><ul><li>Space 4-8” apart in rows for bush beans or </li></ul><ul><li>Space 15” apart in hills of 4 for pole beans </li></ul><ul><li>Plant a few plants every 10 days for harvest all summer </li></ul><ul><li>Has low N requirement – needs moderate P &amp; K </li></ul>
  • 20. Corn <ul><li>Warm season </li></ul><ul><li>Will not grow well until soil is over 75F </li></ul><ul><li>You can warm soil with black mulch </li></ul><ul><li>Germinates in about 4 days </li></ul><ul><li>Very heavy feeder: must supplement </li></ul><ul><li>Needs regular water – best w/ irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Best to grow in blocks rather than rows </li></ul><ul><li>Usually get 2-3 ears per plant </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat, barely, and rice are all in the same family </li></ul>
  • 21. This Week <ul><li>Today - Vegetable Garden Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow – Vegetable garden plan </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday – Planting vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday – Area clean up </li></ul><ul><li>Friday – Field trip </li></ul>
  • 22. Resources <ul><li>Average First Frost date Warrenton, Va: Oct. 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Last Frost date Warrenton, Va: April 28 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.humeseeds.com/vegplan.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.thegardenhelper.com/vegtips.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/category/fruits-vegetables.html </li></ul>

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