3 9 Growing Media

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3 9 Growing Media

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Plant: Sedum Term: Soil-less mix
  2. 2. Sedum “Autumn Joy” Stonecrop <ul><li>Flowering perennial </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zone 4a – 9a </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun to part shade </li></ul><ul><li>18 – 30” tall & wide </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms: Pink, rust, red – late summer to late fall </li></ul><ul><li>Winter interest, attracts birds & butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: Border, Foundation, Massing, Rock garden </li></ul><ul><li>Many types of sedum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the largest </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Soil-less Mix <ul><li>A medium for growing plants in containers. It contains no actual soil but includes various combinations of ingredients such as peat moss, vermiculite </li></ul>
  4. 4. Planting media mix <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sterile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighter weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good moisture retention & drainage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light weight doesn’t anchor containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low mineral content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants get lazy roots </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Soilless Mixes <ul><li>Perlite or Vermiculite – silica based rock. Heated to 1600 °F. Pops like popcorn. Improves porosity & retains water </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sphagnum Moss <ul><li>Dried remains of acidic bog plants </li></ul><ul><li>Huge Canadian export </li></ul><ul><li>Sterile, lightweight & acidic </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to wet, but holds the moisture well </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tree Bark <ul><li>Used for containers </li></ul><ul><li>Like mulch but chopped much finer </li></ul><ul><li>Used after roots are established (in a soil-less mix like Pro-mix) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Soil-less Mixes <ul><li>Used predominantly for propagation </li></ul><ul><li>Can be added to soils but monitor pH </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use soil for propagation due to bacterial and fungal infections (Dampening Off) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Promix – Mycorise Pro <ul><li>Has microscopic fungi (Glomus intraradices ) that colonize plant roots and develop a symbiotic relationship with the plants </li></ul><ul><li>They increase the uptake of water and nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Has fertilizer to last for 7 days. Then need to begin regular fertilizer program </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mycorrhizae <ul><li>Fungus colonizes, but does not damage, plant roots </li></ul><ul><li>Yields better water and nutrient uptake for the plant </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a food source (sugars and starches) for the fungus. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Plant ID <ul><li>Sedum </li></ul><ul><li>Pansy </li></ul><ul><li>Geranium </li></ul><ul><li>Iris </li></ul>
  12. 12. Plant ID <ul><li>Hyacinth </li></ul><ul><li>Coreopsis </li></ul><ul><li>Butterfly Bush </li></ul><ul><li>Petunia </li></ul>
  13. 13. Perennial Geranium <ul><li>A </li></ul>B
  14. 14. Plant ID <ul><li>Dusty Miller </li></ul><ul><li>Coreopsis </li></ul><ul><li>Iris </li></ul><ul><li>Liriope </li></ul>
  15. 15. Impatiens <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul>
  16. 16. Plant ID <ul><li>Petunia </li></ul><ul><li>Pansy </li></ul><ul><li>Crocus </li></ul><ul><li>Impatiens </li></ul>
  17. 17. Plant ID <ul><li>Hyacinth </li></ul><ul><li>Periwinkle </li></ul><ul><li>Crocus </li></ul><ul><li>Knock-out Rose </li></ul>
  18. 18. Pansy <ul><li>A </li></ul>B
  19. 19. Plant ID <ul><li>Liriope </li></ul><ul><li>Ajuga </li></ul><ul><li>Wintercreeper </li></ul><ul><li>Pansy </li></ul>
  20. 20. Coreopsis <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul>
  21. 21. Today <ul><li>Take advantage of sunshine </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare the FFA garden for potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>pH test </li></ul><ul><li>Remove old plants </li></ul><ul><li>Turn soil </li></ul><ul><li>Crop rotation*** </li></ul>

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