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Transcript

  • 1. Organic Growing Plant: Redbud Tree Term: Organic Certification
  • 2. Redbud Cercis canadensis
    • Plant type: Deciduous, Flowering, Tree
    • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4b to 9a
    • Height & Spread: 15 to 30’
    • Exposure: partial shade to full sun
    • Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple
    • Bloom Time: Early to Late spring
    • Growth Rate: fast
    • Landscape Uses: Specimen, Street tree, Woodland garden
    • Native tree with commercial cultivars
  • 3. Organic Certification
    • An approval of the process of food production that meets the government standards for Organic Labeling which requires:
      • avoidance of most synthetic chemical inputs (e.g. fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics), genetically modified organisms, irradiation, and the use of sewage sludge;
      • use of farmland that has been free from chemicals for 3 years
      • keeping detailed written production and sales records (audit trail)
      • maintaining strict physical separation of organic products from non-certified products;
      • undergoing periodic on-site inspections.
  • 4. NOP Approved
    • National Organic Program
    • Regulation is in CFR Title 7 Part 205
    • Link
  • 5. Organic
    • Permitted
      • Blood, Bone, Seed Meals
      • Fish/Seaweed Emulsions
      • Lime
      • Minerals
      • Sodium Nitrate (<20%)
      • Neem Oil
      • Rotenone
      • Pyrethin
      • Bt
    • Not Permitted
      • Synthetic Fertilizers
      • Synthetic Insecticides
      • Genetically Modified Seeds
      • Sewage Sludge
      • Ash (depends on source)
      • Nicotine Dust
      • Strychnine
      • Arsenic
  • 6. 3 reasons to go Organic
    • Environment
      • builds life in the soil
      • avoiding the use of toxic chemicals
      • Less fossil fuel resources 
    • Economics
      • fastest-growing sectors of agriculture
      • allows farmers to reap up to three times the profit margins of non-organically raised produce.  
    • Community
      • supports local and regional businesses
      • reestablish partnerships between regional agricultural and urban areas
  • 7. Marketing Horticultural Products
    • Traditional
      • Sell to a broker, wholesaler
      • Broker consolidates & sells to retailers
      • Farmer receives 10% of the retail price
    • Direct Marketing
      • Farmer sells directly to consumer, restaurant, grocer
      • Farmer receives 50-100% of retail
  • 8. CSA Community Supported Agriculture
    • Farmers sell shares of their crops
    • Consumers buy a subscription to the local farmer’s crops
    • The farmer delivers to the consumer or an urban/suburban distribution point
    • Cuts out the middleman
      • Farmer retains more income
      • Consumer gets fresher food
  • 9. Think about
    • Is organic:
      • Healthier? - Video
      • Better Quality?
      • Better for the environment?
    • Remember that organic certification is authorization for labeling food for marketing purposes.
  • 10. Organic vs Local
  • 11. Organic Produce from California
    • Grimmway Enterprises
    • Grew 54,000 acres in 2008
  • 12. Today
    • Review plants
    • Slides from Friday
    • Loose ends
      • Weed garden
      • Start seeds
      • Divide perennials