3 22 Organic

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3 22 Organic

  1. 1. Organic Growing Plant: Redbud Tree Term: Organic Certification
  2. 2. Redbud Cercis canadensis <ul><li>Plant type: Deciduous, Flowering, Tree </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zones: 4b to 9a </li></ul><ul><li>Height & Spread: 15 to 30’ </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: partial shade to full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Time: Early to Late spring </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate: fast </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Uses: Specimen, Street tree, Woodland garden </li></ul><ul><li>Native tree with commercial cultivars </li></ul>
  3. 3. Organic Certification <ul><li>An approval of the process of food production that meets the government standards for Organic Labeling which requires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>avoidance of most synthetic chemical inputs (e.g. fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics), genetically modified organisms, irradiation, and the use of sewage sludge; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use of farmland that has been free from chemicals for 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>keeping detailed written production and sales records (audit trail) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maintaining strict physical separation of organic products from non-certified products; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>undergoing periodic on-site inspections. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. NOP Approved <ul><li>National Organic Program </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation is in CFR Title 7 Part 205 </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul>
  5. 5. Organic <ul><li>Permitted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood, Bone, Seed Meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish/Seaweed Emulsions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium Nitrate (<20%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neem Oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotenone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyrethin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not Permitted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic Fertilizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic Insecticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetically Modified Seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewage Sludge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ash (depends on source) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicotine Dust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strychnine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arsenic </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 3 reasons to go Organic <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>builds life in the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoiding the use of toxic chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less fossil fuel resources  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fastest-growing sectors of agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allows farmers to reap up to three times the profit margins of non-organically raised produce.   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supports local and regional businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reestablish partnerships between regional agricultural and urban areas </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Marketing Horticultural Products <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sell to a broker, wholesaler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broker consolidates & sells to retailers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer receives 10% of the retail price </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer sells directly to consumer, restaurant, grocer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer receives 50-100% of retail </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. CSA Community Supported Agriculture <ul><li>Farmers sell shares of their crops </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers buy a subscription to the local farmer’s crops </li></ul><ul><li>The farmer delivers to the consumer or an urban/suburban distribution point </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts out the middleman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer retains more income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer gets fresher food </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Think about <ul><li>Is organic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthier? - Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better Quality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better for the environment? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember that organic certification is authorization for labeling food for marketing purposes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Organic vs Local
  11. 11. Organic Produce from California <ul><li>Grimmway Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Grew 54,000 acres in 2008 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Today <ul><li>Review plants </li></ul><ul><li>Slides from Friday </li></ul><ul><li>Loose ends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weed garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide perennials </li></ul></ul>

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