2 2 Hort Life Cycles & Names


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2 2 Hort Life Cycles & Names

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Plant of the day: Calendula Term of the day: Senescence
  2. 2. Calendula <ul><li>Pot Marigold or English Marigold </li></ul><ul><li>Plant type: Annual, Herb </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 12&quot; to 24“, Spread: 4&quot; to 6&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Color: Yellow – Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Season – Cool season Marigold </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Color: Green </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate: average </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Uses: Border, Container, Massing </li></ul><ul><li>Herb Garden- used to repel insects from other plants </li></ul>
  3. 3. Senescence <ul><li>The stage of life when plant tissue deterioration occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to the natural life cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not forgetting to water or freezing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can lead to leaf drop (fall leaves) </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to plant death </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently necessary for seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Triggered by plant hormones </li></ul>
  4. 6. The Basics <ul><li>FFA Mission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The basis of it all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All programs and activities in FFA are based on the components of the mission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the 3 main parts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Premier Leadership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Career Success </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play introduction movie </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. The Basics <ul><li>FFA Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Local – Fauquier Chapter – Have our own Officers & Delegates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federation – Schools in Fauquier, Culpeper & Madison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area (Central) – Piedmont area north of Richmond </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State – Officers selected from last year’s seniors </li></ul><ul><li>National – Selected from last year’s state officers </li></ul>
  6. 8. National FFA <ul><li>Play Convention Movie </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Basics <ul><li>Levels of FFA Membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like moving from pre-school to elementary to middle school to high school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 levels for membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enter a new level as we get older and more </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>experienced </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 10. The Basics <ul><li>Levels of FFA Membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle and High School </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enrolled in an Ag Ed Class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid FFA dues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collegiate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post-high school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pursuing an ag-related career or interest in the future of the agricultural industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid FFA dues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 11. The Basics <ul><li>Levels of FFA Membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alumni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Past FFA members and supporters of FFA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid FFA alumni dues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40,000 members across the United States </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Honorary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FFA supporter who’s gone above and beyond the necessary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nominated to receive the membership – no dues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 12. The Basics <ul><li>FFA Motto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 words for FFA members to live by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to Do, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doing to Learn, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Earning to Live, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Living to Serve </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it mean? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. The Basics <ul><li>FFA Colors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted in 1929 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are they? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Blue: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nation’s Flag </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corn Gold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fields of Ripened Corn </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. The Basics <ul><li>The FFA Salute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You’ve done this one a time or two! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you notice about the punctuation? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. The Basics <ul><li>The Code of Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will conduct ourselves at all times in order to be a credit to our organization, chapter, school and community by: </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Ethical Attitudes & Behaviors <ul><li>Dress </li></ul><ul><li>Respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Sportsmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Attending </li></ul><ul><li>Taking pride </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Striving </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul>
  15. 17. The FFA Emblem (28-29) <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Labor and Tillage of the Soil </li></ul>
  16. 18. FFA Official Dress
  17. 19. FFA Degrees <ul><li>Complete the chart. </li></ul>American State Chapter Greenhand Discovery # yrs Ag Ed SAE Rqd? Grades
  18. 20. The Creed <ul><li>Creed Movie </li></ul><ul><li>Creed activity </li></ul>
  19. 21. Problems <ul><li>Sometimes what seem like overwhelming problems to us have simple solutions. </li></ul>Link
  20. 22. Stretch Break
  21. 23. Plant Classifications Textbook Page 61 – 63 Write the descriptions (3-4 words) <ul><li>Stems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foliage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciduous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evergreen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stem Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbaceous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardiness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cotyledons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monocots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dicots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ornamental </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Plant Names <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phlylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>Variety or Cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Major Taxa – don’t use in the name </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Taxa – do use in the botanical name for the plant </li></ul>
  23. 25. Sweet Pea Example <ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Lathyrus </li></ul><ul><li>oderatus </li></ul><ul><li>“ Royal” </li></ul><ul><li>n/a </li></ul>Lathyrus oderatus “Royal”
  24. 26. Plant Life Cycles Vegetative Reproductive Dormancy
  25. 27. Annuals <ul><li>Germinate from seed </li></ul><ul><li>Grow to Maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Flower </li></ul><ul><li>Produce Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul><ul><li>All in one growing season </li></ul>
  26. 28. Biennials – Complete life cycle in 2 years <ul><li>1 st year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer – vegetative growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter - dormancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce Seeds/Fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul></ul>Examples: Blackberries, Hollyhocks, Cabbage
  27. 29. Perennials <ul><li>Live for 3 or more seasons </li></ul><ul><li>The above ground portion may die in the winter, but new growth will grow from the roots the next spring </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Strawberries, daffodils, trees, vines </li></ul>
  28. 30. Perennials grown as Annuals <ul><li>Some plants cannot survive winter cold. </li></ul><ul><li>They are by nature perennials </li></ul><ul><li>They are grown as annuals for summer color. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently called “Tender Perennials” </li></ul>