Seeds & Germination Plant:  Impatiens Term: Cultivar
Impatiens walleriana Busy Lizzy <ul><li>Plant type:  Annual in Virginia, Perennial*  </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zone...
Cultivar <ul><li>Contraction of “cultivated variety”.  A plant bred through cultivation.  May be trademarked. </li></ul><u...
Plant Names <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phlylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Fa...
Sweet Pea Example <ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul>...
Plant Classifications Textbook Page 61 – 63 Write the descriptions (3-4 words) <ul><li>Stems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herb </...
Seeds
Flowers Complete
Pollination – sexual reporduction
Seed Structure <ul><li>A – Seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>B – Endosperm </li></ul><ul><li>C – Cotyledon </li></ul><ul><li>D –...
Germination <ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Seed absorbs water </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Seeds proteins activated </li><...
Movie <ul><li>http://plantsinmotion.bio.indiana.edu/plantmotion/earlygrowth/germination/germ.html </li></ul>
Germination <ul><li>Different seeds have different conditions for germination </li></ul><ul><li>Some need a cold period </...
Plant Life Cycles Vegetative Reproductive Dormancy
Annuals <ul><li>Germinate from seed </li></ul><ul><li>Grow to Maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Flower </li></ul><ul><li>Produce ...
Bi ennials – Complete life cycle in 2 years <ul><li>1 st  year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer – vegetative growth </li></ul>...
Perennials <ul><li>Live for 3 or more seasons </li></ul><ul><li>The above ground portion may die in the winter, but new gr...
Today <ul><li>Start Impatiens </li></ul><ul><li>www.ballhort.com </li></ul><ul><li>Search Growers </li></ul><ul><li>Cultur...
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2 16 Seeds Germination Lifecycles

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2 16 Seeds Germination Lifecycles

  1. 1. Seeds & Germination Plant: Impatiens Term: Cultivar
  2. 2. Impatiens walleriana Busy Lizzy <ul><li>Plant type: Annual in Virginia, Perennial* </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zones: *10a to 11a </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 6&quot; to 24&quot; Spread: 12&quot; to 24&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: shade to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, White </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom Time: Late spring to Early fall </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Color: Green, Variegated </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Bedding plant, containers </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate by seed or cuttings </li></ul><ul><li>Seed need light to germinate </li></ul><ul><li>Next month -we’ll grow doubles from plugs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultivar <ul><li>Contraction of “cultivated variety”. A plant bred through cultivation. May be trademarked. </li></ul><ul><li>Names are written in quotes. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are apples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prunus domestica , ‘Fuji’, ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Granny Smith’ </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Plant Names <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phlylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>Variety or Cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Major Taxa – don’t use in the name </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Taxa – do use in the botanical name for the plant </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sweet Pea Example <ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Lathyrus </li></ul><ul><li>oderatus </li></ul><ul><li>“ Royal” </li></ul><ul><li>n/a </li></ul>Lathyrus oderatus “Royal”
  6. 6. Plant Classifications Textbook Page 61 – 63 Write the descriptions (3-4 words) <ul><li>Stems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foliage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciduous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evergreen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stem Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbaceous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardiness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cotyledons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monocots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dicots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ornamental </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Seeds
  8. 8. Flowers Complete
  9. 9. Pollination – sexual reporduction
  10. 10. Seed Structure <ul><li>A – Seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>B – Endosperm </li></ul><ul><li>C – Cotyledon </li></ul><ul><li>D – Hypocotyl </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epicotyl - stem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radicle - root </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Germination <ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>1. Seed absorbs water </li></ul><ul><li>2. Seeds proteins activated </li></ul><ul><li>3. Radicle (root) emerges </li></ul><ul><li>4. Plumule or embryonic shoot emerges </li></ul><ul><li>5. Leaves form and food production begins </li></ul>
  12. 12. Movie <ul><li>http://plantsinmotion.bio.indiana.edu/plantmotion/earlygrowth/germination/germ.html </li></ul>
  13. 13. Germination <ul><li>Different seeds have different conditions for germination </li></ul><ul><li>Some need a cold period </li></ul><ul><li>Some need light or dark </li></ul><ul><li>Some need a certain temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Some need an opening in the seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>All need moisture </li></ul>
  14. 14. Plant Life Cycles Vegetative Reproductive Dormancy
  15. 15. Annuals <ul><li>Germinate from seed </li></ul><ul><li>Grow to Maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Flower </li></ul><ul><li>Produce Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul><ul><li>All in one growing season </li></ul>Annuals are planted for short-term seasonal color
  16. 16. Bi ennials – Complete life cycle in 2 years <ul><li>1 st year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer – vegetative growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter - dormancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce Fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul></ul>Examples: Blackberries, Cabbage, Hollyhocks
  17. 17. Perennials <ul><li>Live for 3 or more seasons </li></ul><ul><li>The above ground portion may die in the winter, but new growth will resprout the next spring </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Butterfly Bush, Daffodils, Black-eyed Susan, vines, trees </li></ul>
  18. 18. Today <ul><li>Start Impatiens </li></ul><ul><li>www.ballhort.com </li></ul><ul><li>Search Growers </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Key points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs light to germinate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sow on the surface of tray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderate temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media must be SATURATED </li></ul></ul>

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