12 2 Wildlife Conservation


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12 2 Wildlife Conservation

  1. 1. Natural Resources Wildlife Conservation
  2. 2. Conservation <ul><li>The protection, preservation, management , or restoration of wildlife and of natural resources such as forests, soil, and water </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pittman-Robertson Act <ul><li>Applies a 11% tax on firearms & ammunition (includes archery & handguns) </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue goes to states who match the dollars with revenue from licenses </li></ul><ul><li>$2 billion from federal, $500 million from states, ($130 million per year) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>62% goes to purchase and maintenance of wildlife areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>26% for population research, also hunter education </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Wildlife Management Areas <ul><li>In Fauquier County – Thompson Wildlife Management Area </li></ul><ul><li>Managed by Pittman-Robertson funds </li></ul><ul><li>Provide recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide sites for wildlife research </li></ul>
  5. 5. Does hunting conflict with conservation? <ul><li>Funds from gun & shooting sport enthusiasts are the single largest source of funds for wildlife conservation in America </li></ul><ul><li>Private organizations such as Ducks Unlimited has raised $750 million for wetland conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting helps to control over-population </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tragedy of the Commons <ul><li>Self interest interferes with just distribution of common assets. </li></ul><ul><li>Came about by sharing grazing land in England. Each farmer overgrazed the land depleting its ability to meet the needs of other farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit to individual – cost shared by group </li></ul><ul><li>Some agreement & disagreement – factor of emotion </li></ul>
  7. 7. History of Wildlife Conservation <ul><li>Make a timeline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1600 – 1800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 – 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1900 – Present </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was the attitude towards wildlife? </li></ul><ul><li>What species problems occurred? </li></ul><ul><li>What laws were passed, what changes occurred? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Virginia Wildlife Action Plan <ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluation of the location and relative abundance of wildlife and habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an assessment of problems facing these species and habitats; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recommended conservation actions to address these problems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research and survey needs; and monitoring programs and needs. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Virginia Wildlife Action Plan <ul><li>Why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) A need for greater coordination between conservation partners . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(b) Unprecedented fragmentation and development of habitat . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(c) Invasive exotic plants and animals negatively impacting native wildlife and habitats . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(d) Existing data gaps that impede effective conservation planning and implementation . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(e) A chronic shortfall in funding of conservation programs . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Virginia Wildlife Action Plan <ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (DGIF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Marine Resources Commission (VMRC). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Amphibians <ul><li>frogs, toads, salamanders, newts </li></ul><ul><li>Start life in the water, develop ability to breathe out of water as adults </li></ul><ul><li>Most Common or significant species in the Northern Piedmont : </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Peeper </li></ul><ul><li>Bull Frog </li></ul><ul><li>4 toed Salamander </li></ul><ul><li>Spotted Salamander </li></ul><ul><li>Dusky Salamander </li></ul><ul><li>Red Spotted Newt </li></ul><ul><li>American Toad </li></ul><ul><li>Fowler’s Toad </li></ul><ul><li>Cricket Frog </li></ul><ul><li>Grey Tree Frog </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Frog </li></ul><ul><li>Green Frog </li></ul>