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Introduction to Horticulture Plant:  Scotch Pine Term: Monoecious
Scotch Pine <ul><li>Plant type:  Evergreen Tree  </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zones:  3a to 7a  </li></ul><ul><li>Heig...
Monoecious: <ul><li>Has male and female flowers (cones) on the same plant. </li></ul>
Pine Flowers (Cones) <ul><li>Female cone </li></ul><ul><li>Male cone </li></ul>
Christmas Tree Production <ul><li>8 – 12 years to maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Grow best on pasture or cleared land than pre...
1 st  few years <ul><li>Weed control most important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No weeds touching lower branches </li></ul></ul>...
Shearing <ul><li>Beginning in the 3 rd  year. </li></ul><ul><li>Trees need to be shaped annually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usu...
Tree planting planning <ul><li>There is an ¼ acre in the field behind the hort bldg. (200 ft x 50 ft) </li></ul><ul><li>Yo...
Christmas Tree Sources <ul><li>250 trees can fit in the area behind the greenhouse </li></ul><ul><li>Assuming an average 1...
Tree shopping <ul><li>Find prices from three different sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include shipping </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Scotch Pine <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2-  </li></ul><ul><li>3-  </li></ul><ul><li>Planting </li></ul>
Fraser Fir <ul><li>1-  </li></ul><ul><li>2-  </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
Douglas Fir <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3  </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
Balsam Fir <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2  </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
Blue Spruce <ul><li>1-  </li></ul><ul><li>2-  </li></ul><ul><li>3- </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
White Pine <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2-  </li></ul><ul><li>3- </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
Environmentally Friendly <ul><li>Which is better for the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>Cut tree </li></ul><ul><li>Artific...
Debate
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12 17 Williamsburg Christmas

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Transcript of "12 17 Williamsburg Christmas"

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Plant: Scotch Pine Term: Monoecious
  2. 2. Scotch Pine <ul><li>Plant type: Evergreen Tree </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zones: 3a to 7a </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 45 to 60ft Spread: 25 to 35 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Color: Green </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate: slow </li></ul><ul><li>Form: Oval, Pyramidal </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Uses: Christmas tree, Specimen </li></ul><ul><li>Has excellent needle retention and good keepability. It resists drying and if permitted to become dry does not drop its needles </li></ul><ul><li>Very prickly </li></ul>
  3. 3. Monoecious: <ul><li>Has male and female flowers (cones) on the same plant. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pine Flowers (Cones) <ul><li>Female cone </li></ul><ul><li>Male cone </li></ul>
  5. 5. Christmas Tree Production <ul><li>8 – 12 years to maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Grow best on pasture or cleared land than previously forested land </li></ul><ul><li>Plant in early march as soon as ground has thawed </li></ul><ul><li>Trees planted at least 6’ apart </li></ul><ul><li>Seedlings (4 – 6”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cost ~ $1.50 each </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 1 st few years <ul><li>Weed control most important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No weeds touching lower branches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compete for soil moisture and nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spray herbicides in early fall & early spring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mow between rows 3 – 4 times per year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firs & spruces require fertilizer (mostly N) in winter or early spring </li></ul><ul><li>Pines don’t require fertilizer </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shearing <ul><li>Beginning in the 3 rd year. </li></ul><ul><li>Trees need to be shaped annually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually in late May or early June </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Always groom to a single point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never cut the main stem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some have natural pyramid shape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some don’t </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roughly 16 hours labor to shear 1 acre or mature trees </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tree planting planning <ul><li>There is an ¼ acre in the field behind the hort bldg. (200 ft x 50 ft) </li></ul><ul><li>You can plant a tree every 6 – 8’ </li></ul><ul><li>How many trees can you plant there? </li></ul><ul><li>How much would it cost to plant if you could plant 50 trees for $75? </li></ul><ul><li>How much would you make in 10 years if you sold them for $40. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Christmas Tree Sources <ul><li>250 trees can fit in the area behind the greenhouse </li></ul><ul><li>Assuming an average 10 yr rotation </li></ul><ul><li>25 trees per year </li></ul><ul><li>Increase ~20% for death or poorly formed trees = 30 trees </li></ul><ul><li>6 most popular trees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas Fir, Fraser fir, White pine, Blue Spruce, Scotch pine, Balsam fir </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pick a species, go shopping on-line </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tree shopping <ul><li>Find prices from three different sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include shipping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure they will ship 50 or fewer trees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find recommended planting dates for zone 7a. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Scotch Pine <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2- </li></ul><ul><li>3- </li></ul><ul><li>Planting </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fraser Fir <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2- </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
  13. 13. Douglas Fir <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
  14. 14. Balsam Fir <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
  15. 15. Blue Spruce <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2- </li></ul><ul><li>3- </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
  16. 16. White Pine <ul><li>1- </li></ul><ul><li>2- </li></ul><ul><li>3- </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for planting </li></ul>
  17. 17. Environmentally Friendly <ul><li>Which is better for the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>Cut tree </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial tree </li></ul>
  18. 18. Debate
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