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11 5 Landscape Design
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11 5 Landscape Design

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  • 1. Landscape Design Plant: Purple Leaf Plum Term: Accent Plant
  • 2. Purple Leaf Plum
    • Ornamental Flowering Tree
    • Size: 25’ tall and 25’ wide
    • Full Sun
    • Blooms white or pink blooms in
    • early spring
    • Purple Leaves
    • Moisture: Rarely needs supplemental water
    • Soil: acidic, moist, loamy sandy or clay soils, well drained,
    • Use: Specimen plant
  • 3. Accent Plant
    • A plant that is more distinctive than many plantsw but does not attract the attention as a specimen plant.
  • 4. Specimen Plant :
    • A plant that is distinctive because of such qualities as its color or pattern. Its use creates a strong focal point in a landscape
  • 5. Landscape Design
    • Why landscape?
      • Aesthetics – Looks Nice
      • Privacy
      • Reduce erosion
      • Wind or noise block
      • Create recreation areas
      • Increase property value
  • 6. Design Steps
    • Meet the customer
    • Sketch a base plan
    • Determine family needs
    • Conduct a site analysis
    • Sketch rough outline (goose egg)
    • Establish bed patterns
    • Locate trees – Biggest Plants first
    • Locate shrubs
    • Select plants – According to site conditions: sun, size
    • Trace plan to quality vellum
    • Label Plan
    • Price plan
  • 7. Base Plan Stuff that you must design around
  • 8. Customer Needs
    • Conduct an client interview
      • What kind of activities do they like
      • How formal are they
      • Do they like yard work
      • Do they have kids or pets
      • Do they entertain
      • Do they garden
      • Do they prefer sun or shade
  • 9. Site Analysis
    • Measure – Determine scale
    • Existing Plants
    • Orientation – Sunlight Path
    • Water
    • Slope
    • Uses
      • Public Area – street front
      • Outdoor Living Area
      • Service Area
  • 10. Site Plan – Goose Egg Barrier N Barrier Entertainment Svc Area Public Area Hammock/rest
  • 11. Plant Selection
    • Mature Size
    • Hardiness
    • Exposure
    • Color/Texture
    • Speed of Growth
    • Ease of Maintenance
  • 12. Plan drafting
    • Scale
    • Symbols
    • Buildings, Sidewalks, Driveways, roads
    • Labeling
    • Plant list
  • 13.  
  • 14. Plant List
  • 15.  
  • 16. Principles of Design
    • Balance
    • Proportion
    • Focalization
    • Rhythm & Line
    • Unity
    • Effect
      • Line, form, & texture
  • 17. Balance
    • Symetrical
    • Asymetrical
    • Out of Balance
  • 18. Proportion
    • Now they are too small to fill the space
    • Soon they will be too big
    • Poor plant selection
  • 19. Unity
    • Trees are nicely sized and placed
    • No unity pull them together
  • 20. Focalization
    • Plant blocks house
    • Focal point should accent the building not obstruct it
  • 21. Corner Plantings
    • Always in a landscape bed
    • No more than 3 or 4 species
    • Tall in back
    • Short in front
    • In curve is focal point
    • Use odd number of plants
  • 22. Foundation Plantings
    • Plants along walls or foundations
    • Taller plants near corners
    • Shorter plants under windows
    • Dwarf or low growing plants
  • 23. Line plantings
    • Creates walls of outdoor rooms
    • Need variety in size & shape
    • No more than 3 to 5 species
    • Often used along property boundaries
  • 24. Accent Plantings
    • Area of particular beauty or interest
    • Can be a single plant
    • Can be a grouping
    • Can contain fountains or statues
    • Avoid placing in the center of a lawn area
  • 25. Today
    • Measure the area out front
    • Draw the site to scale
    • Turn in
    • Those who did not do yesterday’s assignment need to or they will not be able to complete this assignment
    • Landscapers – Large multi-week project
      • Landscape Design from now to Christmas
    • Horticulture – Small assignment for tomorrow

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