11 5 Landscape Design

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11 5 Landscape Design

  1. 1. Landscape Design Plant: Purple Leaf Plum Term: Accent Plant
  2. 2. Purple Leaf Plum <ul><li>Ornamental Flowering Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 25’ tall and 25’ wide </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms white or pink blooms in </li></ul><ul><li>early spring </li></ul><ul><li>Purple Leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture: Rarely needs supplemental water </li></ul><ul><li>Soil: acidic, moist, loamy sandy or clay soils, well drained, </li></ul><ul><li>Use: Specimen plant </li></ul>
  3. 3. Accent Plant <ul><li>A plant that is more distinctive than many plantsw but does not attract the attention as a specimen plant. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Specimen Plant : <ul><li>A plant that is distinctive because of such qualities as its color or pattern. Its use creates a strong focal point in a landscape </li></ul>
  5. 5. Landscape Design <ul><li>Why landscape? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics – Looks Nice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind or noise block </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create recreation areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase property value </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Design Steps <ul><li>Meet the customer </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch a base plan </li></ul><ul><li>Determine family needs </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct a site analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch rough outline (goose egg) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish bed patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Locate trees – Biggest Plants first </li></ul><ul><li>Locate shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Select plants – According to site conditions: sun, size </li></ul><ul><li>Trace plan to quality vellum </li></ul><ul><li>Label Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Price plan </li></ul>
  7. 7. Base Plan Stuff that you must design around
  8. 8. Customer Needs <ul><li>Conduct an client interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of activities do they like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How formal are they </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they like yard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they have kids or pets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they entertain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they prefer sun or shade </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Site Analysis <ul><li>Measure – Determine scale </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation – Sunlight Path </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Slope </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Area – street front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Living Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Area </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Site Plan – Goose Egg Barrier N Barrier Entertainment Svc Area Public Area Hammock/rest
  11. 11. Plant Selection <ul><li>Mature Size </li></ul><ul><li>Hardiness </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Color/Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of Maintenance </li></ul>
  12. 12. Plan drafting <ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings, Sidewalks, Driveways, roads </li></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Plant list </li></ul>
  13. 14. Plant List
  14. 16. Principles of Design <ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Focalization </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm & Line </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line, form, & texture </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Balance <ul><li>Symetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Asymetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Out of Balance </li></ul>
  16. 18. Proportion <ul><li>Now they are too small to fill the space </li></ul><ul><li>Soon they will be too big </li></ul><ul><li>Poor plant selection </li></ul>
  17. 19. Unity <ul><li>Trees are nicely sized and placed </li></ul><ul><li>No unity pull them together </li></ul>
  18. 20. Focalization <ul><li>Plant blocks house </li></ul><ul><li>Focal point should accent the building not obstruct it </li></ul>
  19. 21. Corner Plantings <ul><li>Always in a landscape bed </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 3 or 4 species </li></ul><ul><li>Tall in back </li></ul><ul><li>Short in front </li></ul><ul><li>In curve is focal point </li></ul><ul><li>Use odd number of plants </li></ul>
  20. 22. Foundation Plantings <ul><li>Plants along walls or foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Taller plants near corners </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter plants under windows </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf or low growing plants </li></ul>
  21. 23. Line plantings <ul><li>Creates walls of outdoor rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Need variety in size & shape </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 3 to 5 species </li></ul><ul><li>Often used along property boundaries </li></ul>
  22. 24. Accent Plantings <ul><li>Area of particular beauty or interest </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a single plant </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a grouping </li></ul><ul><li>Can contain fountains or statues </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid placing in the center of a lawn area </li></ul>
  23. 25. Today <ul><li>Measure the area out front </li></ul><ul><li>Draw the site to scale </li></ul><ul><li>Turn in </li></ul><ul><li>Those who did not do yesterday’s assignment need to or they will not be able to complete this assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Landscapers – Large multi-week project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape Design from now to Christmas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horticulture – Small assignment for tomorrow </li></ul>

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