11 20 Brambles

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11 20 Brambles

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Plant: Blackberry Term: Berry
  2. 2. Blackberry Rubus fruticosus <ul><li>Need full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Grows on canes </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivated varieties are significantly larger than wild </li></ul><ul><li>Thorn-less varieties available </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest from mid June to mid July </li></ul><ul><li>Zones: 3a to 7a </li></ul><ul><li>Low to moderate fertilizer & water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Can be erect or trailing forms </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular varieties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apache, Navaho, Chester, Cherokee, Triple Crown </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. BERRY: <ul><li>A small, pulpy fruit, which usually contains several seeds </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brambles <ul><li>Blackberries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stem stays attached to the fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raspberries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be red or black </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate from the stem </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Growing Blackberries & Raspberries <ul><li>Most new varieties are thornless </li></ul><ul><li>Plants are perennial, canes are biennial </li></ul><ul><li>1 st year for canes is vegetative growth, 2 nd is fruit production. Then the cane dies and new ones grow. </li></ul><ul><li>Both grow wild and are cultivated. </li></ul><ul><li>Can tell the difference between blackberries & raspberries by the bottom of the fruit. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trellises for blackberries <ul><li>Trailing: Wind canes around supports </li></ul><ul><li>Leave next years canes on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Erect: Cut off the tips during the growing season </li></ul><ul><li>Leave next years canes on the ground </li></ul>
  7. 7. Quiz 9 – Fruits Give the term for the following definitions : <ul><li>A stone fruit having a hard, nut-like inner part surrounded by a fleshy or fibrous outer layer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drupe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achene </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The study of the culture of grapes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horticultre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viticulture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grapology </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>A fleshy fruit, having several seed chambers and an outer fleshy part </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drupe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achene </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A small, pulpy fruit, which usually contains several seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drupe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achene </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>This is a small, dry, hard, one-celled, one-seeded fruit that stays closed at maturity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drupe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achene </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Fruits <ul><li>This fruit has many achenes attached to its surface. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>This fruit is grown on vines which must be pruned regularly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>This fruit is grown on canes which live only two years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>This fruit grows on open center trees and is very sensitive to cold damage. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>This fruit is often grown on dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstock so that is not too tall to harvest fruit. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul>

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