11 2 Producing Nursery Crops


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11 2 Producing Nursery Crops

  1. 1. Producing Nursery Crops Term: Nursery Crops Plant: Clematis
  2. 2. Clematis <ul><li>Deciduous Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Many Varieties </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Zone 4 – 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Height 10-12’ </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms – mid summer – white, pink, purple </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate from soft or semi-softwood cuttings </li></ul><ul><li>Needs a support and wire to grow on </li></ul><ul><li>Grows best of roots are shaded </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nursery Crops <ul><li>Perennial plants grown for the landscape industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes trees, shrubs and ground covers, but usually not flowers (usually greenhouse crops) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be large or small operations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Nurseries <ul><li>Field Grown </li></ul><ul><li>Container Grown </li></ul>
  5. 5. Field (in ground) nursery vs. Container nursery <ul><li>Nursery plants grown in maintained garden plots – need good quality site </li></ul><ul><li>Trees grow better, no blow-over </li></ul><ul><li>Less water & labor intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Can be balled & burlap or bare-root </li></ul><ul><li>Only small plants can be harvested as bare-root </li></ul><ul><li>Only harvest when dormant </li></ul><ul><li>Trees require large specialized equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Product is heavy and field soil must be replaced </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bareroot Plants <ul><li>Grow in very loose medium </li></ul><ul><li>Very common for forestry trees </li></ul><ul><li>Plants sold at 2 or 3 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest when dormant – plant before emerge in spring </li></ul>
  7. 7. Root growth <ul><li>Growing field nursery plants requires special knowledge and care of the root systems </li></ul><ul><li>Different plants have different shaped roots </li></ul><ul><li>Few trees or shrubs have tap roots </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tree Spade
  9. 9. Container Nursery <ul><li>Requires less land than field nursery </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter production cycle (6 mos – 2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Daily irrigation is required </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest year round </li></ul><ul><li>Must protect from extreme heat and cold </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient for small shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Need ground cover for weed control </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to use fertigation system </li></ul>
  10. 10. New methods <ul><li>In-ground fabric containers (grow bags) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow moisture exchange with soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulate against extreme temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pot in pot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large pot is sunk into the ground and a smaller containerized stock is grown inside of the larger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cellugro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses cells instead of containers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Scale <ul><li>Homeowner – part-time </li></ul><ul><li>Large industry </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul>
  12. 12. Containers <ul><li>1 gallon is standard size for most small perennials </li></ul><ul><li>Sized from 1 to 45 gallons </li></ul><ul><li>#10 pot holds about 10 gallons </li></ul>
  13. 13. Meadow Farms <ul><li>Meadows Farms, Inc. is one of the largest independently owned nursery and garden centers in the country </li></ul><ul><li>23 retail locations </li></ul><ul><li>750 employees, and a </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape facility housing 39 designers and sending out over 70 crews a day.  </li></ul><ul><li>A nursery growing operation, </li></ul>
  14. 14. Web Exercise <ul><li>Go to: http://www.vnla.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Look up the growers in Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Find a grower </li></ul><ul><li>Find 3 plants they are growing </li></ul><ul><li>Make a PowerPoint Slide </li></ul><ul><li>Paste a picture and a description of the plants </li></ul><ul><li>Find how it is propagated </li></ul><ul><li>Find the retail price </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate how long it will take it to reach this size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Mrs. Ross and I will help) </li></ul></ul>
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