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11 2 Producing Nursery Crops
 

11 2 Producing Nursery Crops

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    11 2 Producing Nursery Crops 11 2 Producing Nursery Crops Presentation Transcript

    • Producing Nursery Crops Term: Nursery Crops Plant: Clematis
    • Clematis
      • Deciduous Vine
      • Many Varieties
      • USDA Zone 4 – 9
      • Height 10-12’
      • Blooms – mid summer – white, pink, purple
      • Full Sun
      • Propagate from soft or semi-softwood cuttings
      • Needs a support and wire to grow on
      • Grows best of roots are shaded
    • Nursery Crops
      • Perennial plants grown for the landscape industry.
      • Includes trees, shrubs and ground covers, but usually not flowers (usually greenhouse crops)
      • Can be large or small operations.
    • Types of Nurseries
      • Field Grown
      • Container Grown
    • Field (in ground) nursery vs. Container nursery
      • Nursery plants grown in maintained garden plots – need good quality site
      • Trees grow better, no blow-over
      • Less water & labor intensive
      • Can be balled & burlap or bare-root
      • Only small plants can be harvested as bare-root
      • Only harvest when dormant
      • Trees require large specialized equipment
      • Product is heavy and field soil must be replaced
    • Bareroot Plants
      • Grow in very loose medium
      • Very common for forestry trees
      • Plants sold at 2 or 3 years old
      • Harvest when dormant – plant before emerge in spring
    • Root growth
      • Growing field nursery plants requires special knowledge and care of the root systems
      • Different plants have different shaped roots
      • Few trees or shrubs have tap roots
    • Tree Spade
    • Container Nursery
      • Requires less land than field nursery
      • Shorter production cycle (6 mos – 2 years)
      • Daily irrigation is required
      • Harvest year round
      • Must protect from extreme heat and cold
      • More efficient for small shrubs
      • Need ground cover for weed control
      • Easier to use fertigation system
    • New methods
      • In-ground fabric containers (grow bags)
        • Allow moisture exchange with soil
        • Insulate against extreme temperatures
      • Pot in pot
        • Large pot is sunk into the ground and a smaller containerized stock is grown inside of the larger
      • Cellugro
        • Uses cells instead of containers
    • Scale
      • Homeowner – part-time
      • Large industry
      • Link
    • Containers
      • 1 gallon is standard size for most small perennials
      • Sized from 1 to 45 gallons
      • #10 pot holds about 10 gallons
    • Meadow Farms
      • Meadows Farms, Inc. is one of the largest independently owned nursery and garden centers in the country
      • 23 retail locations
      • 750 employees, and a
      • Landscape facility housing 39 designers and sending out over 70 crews a day. 
      • A nursery growing operation,
    • Web Exercise
      • Go to: http://www.vnla.org/
      • Look up the growers in Virginia
      • Find a grower
      • Find 3 plants they are growing
      • Make a PowerPoint Slide
      • Paste a picture and a description of the plants
      • Find how it is propagated
      • Find the retail price
      • Estimate how long it will take it to reach this size
        • (Mrs. Ross and I will help)