11 2 Producing Nursery Crops
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11 2 Producing Nursery Crops

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11 2 Producing Nursery Crops 11 2 Producing Nursery Crops Presentation Transcript

  • Producing Nursery Crops Term: Nursery Crops Plant: Clematis
  • Clematis
    • Deciduous Vine
    • Many Varieties
    • USDA Zone 4 – 9
    • Height 10-12’
    • Blooms – mid summer – white, pink, purple
    • Full Sun
    • Propagate from soft or semi-softwood cuttings
    • Needs a support and wire to grow on
    • Grows best of roots are shaded
  • Nursery Crops
    • Perennial plants grown for the landscape industry.
    • Includes trees, shrubs and ground covers, but usually not flowers (usually greenhouse crops)
    • Can be large or small operations.
  • Types of Nurseries
    • Field Grown
    • Container Grown
  • Field (in ground) nursery vs. Container nursery
    • Nursery plants grown in maintained garden plots – need good quality site
    • Trees grow better, no blow-over
    • Less water & labor intensive
    • Can be balled & burlap or bare-root
    • Only small plants can be harvested as bare-root
    • Only harvest when dormant
    • Trees require large specialized equipment
    • Product is heavy and field soil must be replaced
  • Bareroot Plants
    • Grow in very loose medium
    • Very common for forestry trees
    • Plants sold at 2 or 3 years old
    • Harvest when dormant – plant before emerge in spring
  • Root growth
    • Growing field nursery plants requires special knowledge and care of the root systems
    • Different plants have different shaped roots
    • Few trees or shrubs have tap roots
  • Tree Spade
  • Container Nursery
    • Requires less land than field nursery
    • Shorter production cycle (6 mos – 2 years)
    • Daily irrigation is required
    • Harvest year round
    • Must protect from extreme heat and cold
    • More efficient for small shrubs
    • Need ground cover for weed control
    • Easier to use fertigation system
  • New methods
    • In-ground fabric containers (grow bags)
      • Allow moisture exchange with soil
      • Insulate against extreme temperatures
    • Pot in pot
      • Large pot is sunk into the ground and a smaller containerized stock is grown inside of the larger
    • Cellugro
      • Uses cells instead of containers
  • Scale
    • Homeowner – part-time
    • Large industry
    • Link
  • Containers
    • 1 gallon is standard size for most small perennials
    • Sized from 1 to 45 gallons
    • #10 pot holds about 10 gallons
  • Meadow Farms
    • Meadows Farms, Inc. is one of the largest independently owned nursery and garden centers in the country
    • 23 retail locations
    • 750 employees, and a
    • Landscape facility housing 39 designers and sending out over 70 crews a day. 
    • A nursery growing operation,
  • Web Exercise
    • Go to: http://www.vnla.org/
    • Look up the growers in Virginia
    • Find a grower
    • Find 3 plants they are growing
    • Make a PowerPoint Slide
    • Paste a picture and a description of the plants
    • Find how it is propagated
    • Find the retail price
    • Estimate how long it will take it to reach this size
      • (Mrs. Ross and I will help)