11 12 Landscape Plant Selection

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  • 1. Landscape Plant Selection Review Evergreen Shrubs Term: Silhouette
  • 2. Plant Silhouette
    • The outline of an object as viewed against a background – for plants the overall shape or growth habit.
    • Impacts placement in the landscape
  • 3. Evergreen Shrub Review Barberry Yew Photinia Laurel Boxwood Color/Season Size Exposure Plant
  • 4. Boxwoods Buxus
    • Broadleaf evergreen shrubs
    • USDA zones 6 – 8
    • Dwarf varieties grow to about 3’ high
    • Many varieties and sizes
    • Full sun to part shade
    • May or may not be pruned and shaped
    • Usually a formal style of planting
    • Propagate by cuttings (allow to callus)
  • 5. Japanese Barberry
    • Shrub, deciduous
    • Hardiness Zones: 4a to 8a
    • Height: 3’ to 6’ by Spread : 4’ to 6’
    • Exposure: shade to full sun
    • Leaf Color: Green, Purple – Grown for Foliage not blooms
    • Has small red berries in fall
    • Grows very slowly
    • Looks like a red boxwood
    • Has small thorns
  • 6. Photinia Red-tip
    • Plant type: Evergreen Tree or shrub
    • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7b to 9a
    • Height: 15 to 25’ and 10 to 20’ wide"
    • Exposure: full sun
    • Leaf Color: Green, Purple
    • Growth Rate: Quickly out grows small spaces
    • Landscape Uses: Hedge, Screen,
    • Standard, Specimen, Street tree
  • 7. Yews
    • Genus: Taxus
    • Evergreen shrub
    • Many varieties from 2’ to 20’ tall.
    • Exposure: Shade to full sun
    • Flat needles up to 1” long
    • Used for hedges or foundation plantings
    • Tend to be over-pruned
  • 8. English Laurel
    • Prunus laurocerasus ‘Schipkaensis’
    • Large evergreen shrub
    • Dark green leaves
    • Grows to 4 -10’ tall and wide
    • Blooms in spring on fragrance racemes
    • Tolerates full sun to part shade
    • Has small black fruit in summer
    • Propagate by seed or cutting
  • 9. Keys to plant selection
    • Will the plant have a role in the landscape?
      • privacy, traffic control, wind block, shade
    • Will it thrive in the conditions?
      • Soil, water, sun
    • Seasonality?
      • Does it look good all year?
      • Plant in combinations with other plants
    • Will it fit the landscape when mature?
      • Planting size vs mature size
  • 10. Shade
    • Deciduous trees
      • Cool in summer
      • Warm in winter
    • Plants for underneath
    • Canopy Height
  • 11. Privacy
    • Block Views into yard
    • Block views out of yard
  • 12. Traffic control
    • Use hedges to keep people from cutting across the grass
  • 13. Seasonality
    • Garden for year round color
  • 14. Mature Size
    • Plan according to how big the plant will be – not how big it is now