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10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
10 20  Potted  Plant Care
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10 20 Potted Plant Care

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  • 1. Houseplants Plant: Croton Term: Topiary
  • 2. Croton <ul><li>Genus: Codieaum </li></ul><ul><li>Requires Bright Light </li></ul><ul><li>Water: Keep soil moist at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity: High </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature: 70-80 </li></ul><ul><li>Problems/Pests: Over all a fussy plant </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate by cuttings </li></ul>
  • 3. Caring for houseplants <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Most plants are killed by over-watering </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch the surface of the pot, the soil should be moist ½” down </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Watering </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow leaves - too much water </li></ul>
  • 5. Methods of Watering <ul><li>drench and let dry completely </li></ul><ul><li>drench and let dry slightly </li></ul><ul><li>keep media constantly moist </li></ul>
  • 6. Temperature <ul><li>recommended temperature </li></ul><ul><li>50-85 F daytime </li></ul><ul><li>night - drop 10-15 below daytime temp </li></ul><ul><li>locate plants away from air-conditioners and drafts </li></ul>
  • 7. Lighting: natural or artificial <ul><li>measured in foot candles or klux </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>partial shade or weak sun - less than 50% natural sun light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indirect or filtered light - no direct sun light </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. The Light Spectrum <ul><li>Plants only use radiation energy in the visible spectrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll does not absorb in the green spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  • 9. Artificial Lighting <ul><li>Incandescent bulbs don’t provide usable light to plants </li></ul><ul><li>Florescent bulbs provide light about 2’ from bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Grow lights provide more light in the correct wavelengths </li></ul>
  • 10. Humidity <ul><li>% of moisture in the air </li></ul><ul><li>varies with seasons </li></ul><ul><li>low in the winter </li></ul>
  • 11. Increase humidity by: <ul><li>spraying with fine mist </li></ul><ul><li>fill water tight tray with water and pea gravel, set containers in it </li></ul>
  • 12. Increase humidity by: <ul><li>use a humidifier </li></ul><ul><li>place plants in the part of the house with the highest humidity </li></ul>
  • 13. Fertilizers <ul><li>slow release </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small beads applied to the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nutrients are steadily released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plant absorbs nutrients as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoids over feeding </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Soluble fertilizer <ul><li>liquid or solid </li></ul><ul><li>dissolved in water before applying </li></ul>
  • 15. Soil Mixture <ul><li>varies with each plant </li></ul><ul><li>organic matter helps to improve water holding capacity </li></ul><ul><li>perlite helps to keep the mix loose and easily drained </li></ul>
  • 16. Containers <ul><li>drainage should be available </li></ul><ul><li>use well drained soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>put saucer under pot to protect furniture from water </li></ul>
  • 17. Potting plants <ul><li>select appropriate container </li></ul><ul><li>and soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>provide drainage - put rocks or put shards in the bottom of container </li></ul>
  • 18. Potting plants <ul><li>add potting mix to cover rocks </li></ul><ul><li>place plant in to check soil level </li></ul><ul><li>should be 1/2 inch below top of pot </li></ul>
  • 19. Potting plants <ul><li>fill remainder of container with media </li></ul>
  • 20. Repotting <ul><li>repot plants when they become root bound </li></ul><ul><li>if roots are growing around the root ball </li></ul><ul><li>roots appear at the top of soil </li></ul>
  • 21. Repotting <ul><li>separate roots to allow re-growth </li></ul><ul><li>If plant is blooming, wait until after flowering is completed </li></ul>
  • 22. Repotting <ul><li>select pot or container of the next larger size than the original </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Trim roots to make plant fit in old container </li></ul>
  • 23. General Care <ul><li>leaves </li></ul><ul><li>clean occasionally with a fine spray of water </li></ul><ul><li>wipe top and underside of leaves </li></ul>
  • 24. Leaves <ul><li>helps to remove dust and insects </li></ul><ul><li>do not use leaf shine products </li></ul><ul><li>clogs the stomata </li></ul><ul><li>makes it hard for plants to breathe </li></ul>

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